Articles - Process Metallurgy

2018

  1. Gornostayev S, Heikkinen E-P, Heino J & Fabritius T
    Occurrence and Behavior of Sulfur-Bearing Minerals in Metallurgical Coke. - Steel research international 89 (4), 1700470.
     
  2. Kulmala H, Baarman I, Lilja J, Fabritius T, Jokilaakso A, Kemppainen A, Mattila O, Paananen T, Kunelius J, Puukko E, Ervasti H, Mäkelä P, Palovaara P, Jokinen M, Roininen J, Suopajärvi H, Hietava A, Iljana M, Omran M, Visuri V-V, Vuokila A, Vuolio T, Heimo J, Louhenkilpi S & Laine J
    FLEX – Flexible and Adaptive Operations in Metal Production. - DIMECC Publication Series. Tampere, DIMECC Oy
     
  3. Kärnä A, Järvinen, Sulasalmi P, Visuri V-V & Fabritius T
    "An Improved Model for the Heat-up Stage of the CAS-OB Process: Development and Validation", Steel Research International, forthcoming.
     
  4. Omran M & Fabritius T
    Improved removal of zinc from blast furnace sludge by particle size separation and microwave heating. - Minerals Engineering 127, 265-276.
     
  5. Ramasetti E, Visuri V-V, Sulasalmi P, Mattila R & Fabritius T
    Modelling of the Effect of the Gas Flow Rate on the Fluid Flow and Open-Eye Formation in a Water Model of a Steelmaking Ladle. - Steel research international, srin.201800365R1. http://doi.org/10.1002/srin.201800365R1
     
  6. Sakaranaho M,  Heikkilä A, Suopajärvi H, Päätalo M & Fabritius T
    Charcoal use in chromite pellets - effect on sintering process, pellet properties, and electrical conductivity. - Steel research international 89 (2), UNSP 1700260.
     
  7. Saqlain M, Owais M, Järvinen M, Visuri V-V & Fabritius T
    Dephosphorization in ironmaking and oxygen steelmaking. - Espoo. 42.
     
  8. Suopajärvi H, Umeki K, Mousa E, Hedayati A, Romard H, Kemppainen A, Wang C, Phounglamcheik A, Tuomikoski S, Norberg N, Andefors A, Öhman M, Lassi U & Fabritius T
    Use of biomass in integrated steelmaking : status quo, future needs and comparison to other low-CO2 steel production technologies. - Applied Energy 213, 384-407.
     
  9. Toloue Farrokh N, Suopajärvi H, Mattila O, Umeki K, Phounglamcheik A, Romar H, Sulasalmi P & Fabritius T
    Slow pyrolysis of by-product lignin from wood-based ethanol production - A detailed analysis of the produced chars. - Energy 164, 112-123.
     
  10. Visuri V-V & Bogdanoff A
    ”FLEX WP3 – Adaptive Refining Metallurgy – Joustava metallien jalostus”, Materia, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 74--75, 2018.
     
  11. Visuri V-V, Fabritius T & Baarman I
    SYMMET – Symbiosis of Metals Production and Nature. - Materia 76 (4), 81
     
  12. Vuolio T, Visuri V-V, Tuomikoski S, Paananen T & Fabritius T
    "Data-driven mathematical modelling of the effect of particle size distribution on the transitory reaction kinetics of hot metal desulfurization", Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science 2018, DOI: 10.1007/s11663-018-1318-4.

 

2017

  1. Anttila S, Alatarvas T & Porter D
    Factors Affecting Impact Toughness in Stabilized Intermediate Purity 21Cr Ferritic Stainless Steels and Their Simulated Heat-Affected Zones. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, (2017), 48(12), 5879-5889 DOI 10.1007/s11661-017-4376-3.
     
  2. Anttila S, Aula M & Porter D
    Behaviour and influence of slag islands in ferritic stainless steel welds. - Welding in the World 61 (6), 1141–1154.
     
  3. Aula M, Demus T, Echterhof T, Huttula M, Pfeifer H & Fabritius T
    On-line analysis of Cr2O3 content of the slag in pilot scale EAF by measuring optical emission spectrum of electric arc. - ISIJ International 57 (3), 478-486.
     
  4. Baioumy H, Omran M & Fabritius T
    Mineralogy, geochemistry and the origin of high-phosphorus oolitic iron ores of Aswan, Egypt. - Ore Geology Reviews 80, 185-199.
     
  5. Beukes J, du Preez S, van Zyl P, Paktunc D, Fabritius T, Päätalo M & Cramer M
    Review of Cr(VI) environmental practices in the chromite mining and smelting industry e Relevance to development of the Ring of Fire, Canada.. Journal of Cleaner Production 165 (2017) 874-889
     
  6. Gornostayev S, Heino J & Fabritius T
    Effect of micro-pores on cracks formation in metallurgical coke. - Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly 56 (3), 252-258.
     
  7. Heikkilä A, Sakaranaho M, Raiskio J, Heikkinen E-P &  Fabritius T
    Sulfur Containing Atmosphere's Effect on Chromite Pellets’ Structure and Conductivity during Reduction in SAF. - Steel research international 88 (7), 160036.
     
  8. Kemppainen A, 大野 光一郎 (Ohno K), Iljana M, Mattila O, Paananen T, Heikkinen E-P, 前田 敬之 (Maeda T) & 国友 和也 (Kunitomo K)
    高炉内融着帯における酸性ペレットおよびオリビンペレットの軟化挙動 (Softening Behaviors of Acid and Olivine Fluxed Iron Ore Pellets in the Cohesive Zone of a Blast Furnace). 鉄と鋼 (Tetsu-to-Hagané). Vol. 103. 2017. No. 4. s. 175-183. (in japanese)
     
  9. Kruskopf A & Visuri V-V
    A Gibbs Energy Minimization Approach for Modeling of Chemical Reactions in a Basic Oxygen Furnace, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 3281–3300, 2017.
     
  10. Laukka A, Heikkinen E-P, Puukko E & Fabritius T
    The effect of boron and titanium microalloying on the scale formation of AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel in simulated walking beam furnace conditions. - Steel research international 88 (6), e201600365.
     
  11. Lilja J, Iljana M & Baarman I
    SIMP-ohjelman Show Case 3: Decision support of metallurgical processes (DECISIO). - Materia 1, 77-78.
     
  12. Omran M & Fabritius T
    Treatment of blast furnace sludge (BFS) using a microwave heating technique. - Ironmaking & steelmaking 44 (8), 619-629.
     
  13. Omran M, Fabritius T, Heikkinen E-P & Chen G
    Dielectric properties and carbothermic reduction of zinc oxide and zinc ferrite by microwave heating. - Royal society open science 4 (9), 170710.
     
  14. Omran M & Fabritius T
    Treatment of blast furnace sludge (BFS) using a microwave heating technique. - Ironmaking & steelmaking 1, 1-11.
     
  15. Omran M & Fabritius T
    Effect of steelmaking dust characteristics on suitable recycling process determining: Ferrochrome converter (CRC) and electric arc furnace (EAF) dusts. - Powder Technology 308, 47-60.
     
  16. Parts U, Baarman I, Jåfs M, Lilja J, Ylitalo M, Fabritius T, Lundström M, Bogdanoff A, Ollila S, Kaukonen S, Savolainen J, Välimaa K, Kruskopf A, Louhenkilpi S, Alatarvas T, Aula M, Kärnä A, Liedes T, Muurinen E, Pylvänäinen M, Sulasalmi P, Tamminen S, Tervo H, Visuri V-V & Wartiainen
    SIMP – System Integrated Metals Processing. - DIMECC Publication Series 17. Tampere, DIMECC Oy.
     
  17. Suopajärvi H, Kemppainen A, Haapakangas J & Fabritius T
    Extensive review of the opportunities to use biomass-based fuels in iron and steelmaking processes. - Journal of Cleaner Production 148, 709–734.
     
  18. Suopajärvi H, Dahl E, Kemppainen A, Gornostayev S, Koskela A & Fabritius T
    Effect of Charcoal and Kraft-lignin Addition on Coke Compression Strength and Reactivity. - energies 10 (11), 1-15, 1850.
     
  19. Toloue Farrokh N, Askari M & Fabritius T
    Behavior of three non-coking coals from Iranian’s deposits in simulated thermal regime of tunnel kiln direct reduction of iron. - Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 123, 395-401
     
  20. Toloue Farrokh N, Askari M & Fabritius T
    Investigation of Tabas anthracite coal devolatilization : Kinetics, char structure and major evolved species. - Thermochimica acta 654, 74-80.
     
  21. Visuri V-V, Järvinen M, Kärnä A, Sulasalmi P, Heikkinen E-P, Kupari P & Fabritius T
    “A Mathematical Model for Reactions During Top-Blowing in the AOD Process: Validation and Results”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 1868-1884, 2017.
     
  22. Visuri V-V, Järvinen M, Kärnä A, Sulasalmi P, Heikkinen E-P, Kupari P & Fabritius T
    “A Mathematical Model for Reactions During Top-Blowing in the AOD Process: Derivation of the Model”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 1850-1867, 2017.
     
  23. Yliniemi J, Pesonen J, Tanskanen P, Peltosaari O, Tiainen M, Nugteren H & Illikainen M
    Alkali activation-granulation of hazardous fluidized bed combustion fly ashes. - Waste and biomass valorization 8 (2), 339-348.

 

2016

  1. Blasio C, Carletti C, Lundell A, Visuri V-V, Kokkonen T, Westerlund T, Fabritius T &  and Järvinen M
    “Employing a step-wise titration method under semi-slow reaction regime for evaluating the reactivity of limestone and dolomite in acidic environment”, Minerals Engineering, vol. 86, no. 2, pp. 43–58, 2016.
     
  2. Gornostayev S, Heikkinen E-P, Heino J, Huttunen S & Fabritius T
    Behavior of Alkali-Bearing Minerals in Coking and Blast Furnace Processes. - Steel research international 87 (9), 1144–1153.
     
  3. Haapakangas J, Suopajarvi H, Iljana M, Kemppainen A, Mattila O, Heikkinen E-P, Samuelsson C & Fabritius T
    Coke Reactivity in Simulated Blast Furnace Shaft Conditions. - Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B 47 (4), 2357-2370.
     
  4. Heino J, Ivanova L, Burtsev I, Drivenes E-A, Isaeva E & Shchiptsov V
    Mining and metallurgical industry. Encyclopedia of the Barents Region. Volume I, A-M. Olsson, Mats-Olov; Backman, Fredrick; Golubev, Alexey; Norlin, Björn; Ohlsson, Lars. Oslo. 488-495.
     
  5. Husgafvel R, Nordlund H, Heino J, Mäkelä M, Watkins G, Dahl O & Paavola I-L
    Use of Symbiosis Products from Integrated Pulp and Paper and Carbon Steel Mills: Legal Status and Environmental Burdens, 2016, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 20 (5), pp. 1187-1198.
  6.  
  7. Iljana M, Kemppainen A, Paananen T, Mattila O, Heikkinen E-P & Fabritius T
    Evaluating the Reduction-Softening Behaviour of Blast Furnace Burden with an Advanced Test. - ISIJ International 56 (10), 1705-1714.
     
  8. Järvinen M, Visuri V-V, Heikkinen E-P, Kärnä A, Sulasalmi P, De Blasio C & Fabritius T
    Law of Mass Action Based Kinetic Approach for the Modeling of Parallel Mass Transfer Limited Reactions: Application to Metallurgical Systems. - ISIJ International 56 (9), 1543-1552.
     
  9. Leinonen M, Visuri V-V & Baarman I
    Dynamic multiphysics modelling as guidance in progressing steel making (DYNAMO). - Materia 74 (1), 46.
     
  10. Makkonen H, Kekki A, Heikkinen E-P, Fabritius T, Aromaa J & Forsen O
    Characterization and sulfuric acid leaching of ferrochrome converter (CRC) dust. - Steel research international 87 (10), 1247-1255.
     
  11. Ohenoja K, Tanskanen P, Peltosaari O, Wigren V, Österbacka J & Illikainen M
    Effect of particle size distribution on the self-hardening property of biomass-peat fly ash from a bubbling fluidized bed combustion. - Fuel processing technology 148, 60-66.
     
  12. Ohenoja K, Tanskanen, P, Wigren V, Kinnunen P, Körkkö M, Peltosaari O, Österbacka J & Illikainen M
    Self-hardening of fly ashes from a bubbling fluidized bed combustion of peat, forest industry residuals, and wastes. - Fuel 165 (1), 440-446.
     
  13. Peltosaari O, Tanskanen P, Hautala S, Heikkinen E-P & Fabritius T
    Mechanical enrichment of converted spodumene by selective sieving. - Minerals Engineering 98, 30-39.
     
  14. Sipola T, Alatarvas T, Fabritius T & Perämäki P
    Determination of Alloying and Impurity Elements from Matrix and Inclusions from a Process Sample of a Double Stabilized Stainless Steel. - ISIJ International 56 (8), 1445-1451.
     
  15. Sulasalmi P, Visuri V-V, Kärnä A, Järvinen M, Ollila S & Fabritius T
    A Mathematical Model for the Reduction Stage of the CAS-OB Process. - Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B 47 (6), 3544-3556.
     
  16. Toloue Farrokh N, Askari M & Fabritius T
    Behavior of three non-coking coals from Iranian’s deposits in simulated thermal regime of tunnel kiln direct reduction of iron, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 123, 2017, pp. 395-401.

 

 

2015

  1. Aula M, Mäkinen A, Leppänen A, Huttula M & Fabritius T
    Optical Emission Analysis of Slag Surface Conditions and Furnace Atmosphere during Different Process Stages in Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). - ISIJ International 55 (8), 1702-1710.
     
  2. De Blasio C, Carletti C, Lundell A, Visuri V-V, Kokkonen T, Westerlund T, Fabritius T & Järvinen M
    Employing a step-wise titration method under semi-slow reaction regime for evaluating the reactivity of limestone and dolomite in acidic environment. - Minerals Engineering 86 (2), 43-58.
     
  3. Gornostayev S, Heikkinen E-P, Heino J & Fabritius T
    Fe-Si particles on the surface of blast furnace coke. - International journal of minerals metallurgy and materials 22 (7), 697-703.
     
  4. Heikkilä A, Pussinen J, Mattila O & Fabritius T
    About electrical properties of chromite pellets - Effect of reduction degree. - Steel research international 86 (2), 121-128.
     
  5. Iljana M, Kemppainen A, Paananen T, Mattila O, Pisilä E, Kondrakov M & Fabritius T
    Effect of adding limestone on the metallurgical properties of iron ore pellets. - International journal of mineral processing 141, 34-43.
     
  6. Karna A, Jarvinen M & Fabritius T
    CFD Modeling of a Supersonic Top Blown Lance in a CAS-OB Process: Development of Gas Heat and Mass Transfer Correlation. - Steel research international 86 (11), 1370-1378.
     
  7. Kemppainen A, Ohno K-i, Iljana M, Mattila O, Heikkinen E-P, Paananen T, Maeda T, Kunitomo K & Fabritius T
    Softening behaviors of acid and olivine fluxed iron ore pellets in the cohesive zone of a blast furnace. - ISIJ International 55 (10), 1-8.
     
  8. Omran M, Fabritius T, Elmandy A, Abdel-Khalek N, El-Aref M & Elmanawi A
    XPS and FTIR spectroscopic study on microwave treated high phosphorus iron ore. - Applied surface science 345, 127-140.
     
  9. Omran M, Fabritius T, Elmandy A, Abdel-Khalek N & Gornostayev S
    Improvement of phosphorus removal from iron ore using combined microwave pretreatment and ultrasonic treatment. - Separation and Purification Technology 156, 724-737.
     
  10. Omran M, Fabritius T & Mattila R
    Thermally assisted liberation of high phosphorus oolitic iron ore: A comparison between microwave and conventional furnaces. - Powder Technology 269, 7–14.
     
  11. Peltosaari O, Tanskanen P, Heikkinen E-P & Fabritius T
    alfa-, gamma-, beta-phase transformation of spodumene with hybrid microwave and conventional furnaces. - Minerals Engineering 82 (SI), 54-60.
     
  12. Sipola T, Alatarvas T, Heikkinen E-P & Fabritius T
    Determination of alloying elements Ti, Nb, Mn, Ni and Cr in double stabilized ferritic stainless steel process sample using an electrolytic extraction method and separate analysis of inclusions. - Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B 46 (4), 1775-1781.
     
  13. Sulasalmi P, Visuri V-V, Kärnä A & Fabritius T
    Simulation of the Effect of Steel Flow Velocity on Slag Droplet Distribution and Interfacial Area Between Steel and Slag. - Steel research international 86 (3), 212-222.
     
  14. Visuri V-V
    Mathematical modelling of rate phenomena in the AOD process. Yearbook 2015 : Graduate School of Chemical Engineering. Ljung, Maria. - Yearbook GSCE. Turku. 305-314.

 

2014

  1. Aula M, Leppänen A, Roininen J, Heikkinen E-P, Vallo K, Fabritius T & Huttula M
    Characterization of process conditions in industrial stainless steelmaking electric arc furnace using optical emission spectrum measurements. Metallurgical and materials transactions B. Vol. 45. 2014. No. 3. s. 839-849.
     
  2. Aula M, Mäkinen T & Fabritius T
    "Analysis of Arc Emission Spectra of Stainless Steel Electric Arc Furnace Slag Affected by Fluctuating Arc Voltage" Applied Spectroscopy, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 26 - 32, 2014.
     
  3. Gornostayev S, Heino J, Kokkonen T, Makkonen H, Huttunen S & Fabritius T
    On textural changes in metallurgical coke prepared with polyethylene, Internaional Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials, Accepted May 2014.
     
  4. Haapakangas J, Uusitalo J, Mattila O, Gornostayev S, Fabritius T & Porter D
    The hot strength of industrial cokes - Evaluation of coke properties that affect its high-temperature strength, Steel Research International, 85(2014). DOI: 10.1002/srin.201300450.
     
  5. Heikkilä A, Pussinen J, Mattila O & Fabritius T
    About electrical properties of chromite pellets - Effect of reduction degree, Steel Research International, 85(2014). DOI: 10.1002/srin.201400023.
     
  6. Hooey L, Riesbeck J, Wikström J-O & Björkman B
    Role of ferrous raw materials in the energy efficiency of integrated steelmaking. - ISIJ International 54 (3), 596-604.
     
  7. Illikainen M, Tanskanen P, Kinnunen P, Körkkö M, Peltosaari O, Wigren V, Österbacka J, Talling B & Niinimäki J
    Reactivity and self-hardening of fly ash from the fluidized bed combustion of wood and peat. Fuel 135 (2014) 69-75.
     
  8. Järvinen M, Kärnä A, Visuri V-V, Sulasalmi P, Heikkinen E-P, Pääskylä K, De Blasio C, Ollila S & Fabritius T
    "A Novel Approach for Numerical Modeling of the CAS-OB Process: Process Model for the Heat-Up Stage", ISIJ International, Vol. 54, No. 10, pp. 2263-2272, 2014.
     
  9. Kemppainen A, Alatarvas T, Iljana M, Haapakangas J, Mattila O, Paananen T & Fabritius T
    Water-gas shift reaction in an olivine pellet layer in the upper part of blast furnace shaft. ISIJ International Vol. 54 (2014) No. 4 p. 801-809.
     
  10. Kemppainen A, Iljana M, Heikkinen E-P, Paananen T, Mattila O & Fabritius T
    Reduction behaviour of cold-bonded blast furnace briquettes under simulated blast furnace conditions. ISIJ International (2014) Vol. 54, No. 7. p. 1539-1545.
     
  11. Omran M, Fabritius T & Mattila R
    Thermally assisted liberation of high phosphorus oolitic iron ore: A comparison between microwave and conventional furnaces, Powder Technology 269 (2015) 7–14.
     
  12. Omran M, Fabritius T, Abdel-Khalek N, El-Aref M, Elmanawi A, Nasr M & Elmahdy A
    Microwave Assisted Liberation of High Phosphorus Oolitic Iron Ore, Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 2014, 2, 414-427.
     
  13. Omran O, Fabritius T, Abdel-Khalek N & Elmahdy A
    Effect of microwave pre-treatment on the magnetic properties of iron ore and its implications on magnetic separation, Separation and purification technology 136 (2014) 223–232.
     
  14. Sulasalmi P, Visuri V-V, Kärnä A & Fabritius T
    "Simulation of the Effect of Steel Flow Velocity on Slag Droplet Distribution and Interfacial Area Between Steel and Slag", Steel Research International, 85 (2014), DOI: 10.1002/srin.201400026.
     
  15. Suopajärvi H, Pongrácz E & Fabritius T
    Bioreducer use in Finnish blast furnace ironmaking – Analysis of CO2 emission reduction potential and mitigation cost. Applied Energy, Vol. 124, p. 82-93, July 2014.

 

2013

  1. Haapakangas J, Uusitalo J, Mattila O, Kokkonen T, Porter D & Fabritius T
    A Method for Evaluating Coke Hot Strength, Steel research international, Volume 84, Issue 1, pages 65-71, January 2013.
     
  2. Iljana M, Mattila O, Alatarvas T, Kurikkala J, Paananen T & Fabritius T
    Effect of Circulating Elements on the Dynamic Reduction Swelling Behaviour of Olivine and Acid Iron Ore Pellets under Simulated Blast Furnace Shaft Conditions. ISIJ International, Vol. 53 (2013), No. 3, pp. 419?426.
     
  3. Visuri V.-V, Järvinen M, Sulasalmi P, Heikkinen E-P, Savolainen J & Fabritius T
    A mathematical model for the reduction stage of the AOD process. Part I: derivation of the model", ISIJ International, Vol. 53 (2013), No. 4, pp. 603?612.
     
  4. Visuri V-V, Järvinen M, Sulasalmi P, Heikkinen E-P, Savolainen J & Fabritius T
    A mathematical model for the reduction stage of the AOD process. Part II: model validation and results", ISIJ International, Vol. 53 (2013), No. 4, pp. 613?621.
     
  5. Sulasalmi P, Visuri V & Fabritius T
    Effect of Interfacial Tension on the Emulsification of Slag ? Considerations on the CFD Modelling of Dispersion, Materials Science Forum Vol. 762 (2013) pp 242-247.
     
  6. Järvinen M, Visuri V, Pisilä S, Kärnä A, Sulasalmi P, Heikkinen E & Fabritius T
    Advanced Methods in Modelling of Metallurgical Unit Operations, Materials Science Forum Vol. 762 (2013) pp 236-241.
     
  7. Kärnä A, Järvinen M & Fabritius T
    Supersonic Lance Mass Transfer Modelling, Materials Science Forum Vol. 762, pp 686-690.
     
  8. Gornostayev S, Heikkinen E-P, Heino J, Fabritius T & Härkki J
    Mineral related CO2 and H2O emissions during the production of metallurgical coke. Steel Research International (in press).
     
  9. Suopajärvi H & Fabritius T
    Towards More Sustainable Ironmaking?An Analysis of Energy Wood Availability in Finland and the Economics of Charcoal Production. Sustainability 5(3):1188?1207. Special Issue: Decarbonised Economy.
     
  10. Suopajärvi H, Salo A, Paananen T, Mattila R & Fabritius T
    Recycling of Coking Plant Residues in a Finnish Steelworks?Laboratory Study and Replacement Ratio Calculation. Resources 2(2): 58?72.
     
  11. Suopajärvi H, Pongrácz E & Fabritius T
    The potential of using biomass ? based reducing agents in the blast furnace: A review of thermochemical conversion technologies and assessments related to sustainability. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 25(2013), 511?528. Fe-Si droplets and associated graphite on blast furnace coke. International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials 19, 6, 478-482.

 

2012

  1. Heikkinen E-P & Fabritius T
    Modelling of the Refining Processes in the Production of Ferrochrome and Stainless Steel. In: Nusheh, Mohammad, Ahuett Garza, Horacio & Arrambide, Alejandro (ed.). Recent Researches in Metallurgical Engineering - From Extraction to Forming. 2012. InTech. 186 s. s. 65-88. Available online.
     
  2. Iljana M, Mattila O, Alatarvas T, Visuri V-V, Kurikkala J, Paananen T & Fabritius T
    Dynamic and Isothermal Reduction Swelling Behaviour of Olivine and Acid Iron Ore Pellets under Simulated Blast Furnace Shaft Conditions. ISIJ International, vol. 52, no. 7, pp. 1257-1265.
     
  3. Suopajärvi H & Fabritius T
    Effects of biomass use in integrated steel plant V gate-to-gate life cycle inventory method. ISIJ International Vol.52, No. 5, pp.779-787. Kemppainen A, Mattila O, Heikkinen E-P, Paananen T & Fabritius T
    Effect of H2-H2O on the reduction of olivine pellets in CO-CO2 gas. ISIJ International. Vol. 52. 2012. No. 11. s. 1973-1978.

 

2011

  1. Heikkinen E-P & Fabritius T
    Modelling of the Refining Processes in the Production of Ferrochrome and Stainless Steel. In: Nusheh, Mohammad, Ahuett Garza, Horacio & Arrambide, Alejandro (ed.). Recent Researches in Metallurgical Engineering - From Extraction to Forming. 2012. InTech. 186 s. s. 65-88. Available online.
     
  2. Iljana M, Mattila O, Alatarvas T, Visuri V-V, Kurikkala J, Paananen T & Fabritius T
    Dynamic and Isothermal Reduction Swelling Behaviour of Olivine and Acid Iron Ore Pellets under Simulated Blast Furnace Shaft Conditions. ISIJ International, vol. 52, no. 7, pp. 1257-1265.
     
  3. Suopajärvi H & Fabritius T
    Effects of biomass use in integrated steel plant V gate-to-gate life cycle inventory method. ISIJ International Vol.52, No. 5, pp.779-787.
     
  4. Kemppainen A, Mattila O, Heikkinen E-P, Paananen T & Fabritius T
    Effect of H2-H2O on the reduction of olivine pellets in CO-CO2 gas. ISIJ International. Vol. 52. 2012. No. 11. s. 1973-1978.
     
  5. Gornostayev S, Fabritius T, Kerkkonen O & Härkki J
    On Fe-Si droplets and associated graphite from blast furnace coke. - International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials accepted (accepted), 1-9 (manuscript).
     
  6. Hiltunen J, Heikkinen E-P, Jaako J & Ahola J
    Pedagogical basis of DAS formalism in engineering education. European journal of engineering education. Vol. 36. 2011. No. 1. s. 75-85.
     
  7. Järvinen M, Pisilä S, Kärnä A & Fabritius T
    Fundamental Mathematical Model for AOD Process. Part I: Derivation of the model. Steel research international, Volume 82, Issue 6, June, pp. 638?649.
     
  8. Mäkelä M, Paananen , Heino J, Kokkonen T, Huttunen S, Makkonen H & Dahl O
    Influence of fly ash and ground granulated blast furnace slag on the mechanical properties and reduction behavior of cold-agglomerated blast furnace briquettes. ISIJ International Vol. 52, No. 6.
     
  9. Mäkelä M, Paananen T, Kokkonen T, Makkonen H & Heino J
    Preliminary evaluation of fly ash and lime for use as supplementary cementing materials in cold-agglomerated blast furnace briquetting, ISIJ International 51 (2011) 776-781.
     
  10. Mäkelä M, Paananen T,  Kokkonen T, Makkonen H, Heino J & Dahl O
    Preliminary evaluation of fly ash and lime for use as supplementary cementing materials in cold-agglomerated blast furnace briquetting. ISIJ International 51 (2011) (5), 776-781.
     
  11. Pisilä S, Järvinen M, Kärnä A & Fabritius T
    Fundamental Mathematical Model for AOD Process. Part II: Model validation. Steel research international, Volume 82, Issue 6, June, pp. 650-657.

 

2010

  1. Fabritius T, Riipi J, Järvinen M, Mattila O, Heikkinen E-P, Kärnä A, Kurikkala J, Sulasalmi P & Härkki J
    Interfacial phenomena in metal-slag-gas system during AOD process. - ISIJ International 50 (6), 797-803.
     
  2. Heikkinen E-P, Fabritius T & Riipi J
    Holistic analysis on the concept of process metallurgy and its application on the modelling of the AOD process. - Metallurgical and materials transactions B 41 (4), 758-766.
     
  3. Heikkinen E-P, Kokkonen T, Mattila R & Fabritius T
    Influence of sequential contact with two melts on the wetting angle of the ladle slag and different steel grades on magnesia-carbon refractories. - Steel research international 81 (12), 1070-1077.
     
  4. Heikkinen E-P, Riipi J, Fabritius T, Pajarre R & Koukkari P
    Computational modelling of oxide surface tensions in secondary metallurgy and continuous casting. - Steel research international 81 (11), 959-964.
     
  5. Savolainen J, Rousu A, Fabritius T, Mattila O & Sulasalmi P
    Modelling of Pressure Distribution inside the SEN in a Stopper-rod controlled System. - Steel research international 81 (11), 980–986.

 

2009

  1. Gornostayev S, Härkki J & Kerkkonen O
    Transformations of pyrite during formation of metallurgical coke. - Fuel 88 (10), 2032-2036.
     
  2. Gornostayev S, Kerkkonen O & Härkki J
    Behavior of coal associated minerals during coking and blast furnace processes- a review. - steel research international 80 (6), 390-395.
     
  3. Gornostayev S, Tanskanen P, Heikkinen E-P, Kerkkonen O & Härkki J
    Example of alkalization of SiO2 in a blast furnace coke. - Energy & Fuels 21 (5), 2637-2641.
     
  4. Riipi J, Fabritius T, Heikkinen E-P, Kupari P&  Kärnä A
    Behavior of nitrogen during AOD process. - ISIJ International 49 (10), 1468-1473.
     
  5. Rousu A & Mattila O
    Electrical conductivity of the screening residuals of coke production in context of ferrochromium production in a submerged arc furnace. - Steel research international 80 (11), 796-799.
     
  6. Salmi O, Hukkinen J, Heino J, Pajunen N & Wierink M
    Governing the interplay between industrial ecosystems and environmental regulation: The case of the Gulf of Bothnia heavy industries in Finland and Sweden. Journal of Industrial Ecology Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 119 – 126.
     
  7. Savolainen J, Fabritius T & Mattila O
    Effect of fluid physical properties on the emulsification. - ISIJ International 49 (1), 29-36.
     
  8. Leinonen V, Heino J & Makkonen H
    Towards eco-efficiency: granulated nickel slag's transformation into a product. - Progress in Industrial Ecology - An International Journal 6 (1), 29-43.
     
  9. Paananen T, Heikkinen E-P, Kokkonen T & Kinnunen K
    Preparation of mono-, di- and hemicalcium ferrite phases via melt for reduction kinetics investigations. - steel research international 80 (6), 404-409.
     
  10. Sulasalmi P, Kärnä A, Fabritius T & Savolainen J
    CFD model for emulsification of slag into the steel. - ISIJ International 49 (11), 1661-1667.

 

2008

  1. Gornostayev S & Härkki J
    Carbon Tubular Morphologies in Blast Furnace Coke. - Research Letters in Materials Science, Article ID 751630, 4 pages, doi:10.1155/2008/751630 2008, 1-4.

 

2007

  1. Gornostayev S & Härkki J
    Graphite crystals in blast furnace coke. - Carbon 45 (6), 1145-1151.
     
  2. Paananen T
    Effect of impurity element on reduction behaviour of magnetite. - Steel research international 78 (2), 91-95.
     
  3. Riipi J & Fabritius T
    Surface tension of liquid Fe-N-O-S alloy. - ISIJ International 47 (11), 1575-1584.

 

2006

  1. Gornostayev S & Härkki J
    Mechanism of physical transformations of mineral matter in the blast furnace coke with reference to its reactivity and strength. - Energy & Fuels 20 (6), 2632-2635.
     
  2. Gornostayev S & Härkki J
    Mineral matter crystallization and crack formation in tuyere coke. - Fuel 85 (7-8), 1047-1051.
     
  3. Gornostayev S, Kerkkonen O & Härkki J
    Importance of mineralogical data for influencing properties of coke: A reference on SiO2 polymorphs. - Steel Research International 77 (11), 770-773.
     
  4. Tanskanen P & Makkonen H
    Design of slag mineralogy and petrology. Examples of useful methods for slag composition and property design. - Global Slag Magazine (5), 16-2.

Last updated: 7.11.2018