Genome of steel - Physics for strong, tough and sustainable steel

GENOME OF STEEL is a profiling area in the university’s strategic research focus area Creating sustainability through materials and systems. It is funded by a specific instrument of the Academy of Finland aimed at strengthening the research profiles of Finnish universities.

Steel research at the University of Oulu is a multidisciplinary area of science, involving physical and process metallurgy, applied physics and mathematics, biomimetics and mineralogy, as well as chemical, mechanical, production, and control engineering. Specialities include the fundamentals of ultrahigh-strength tough steel and high-strength stainless steels.

The goal of the profiling area is to integrate experimental and theoretical physics knowhow and infrastructure with the steel regime, increasing our fundamental understanding of the relationships between steel processing, microstructure and properties. Our vision is to become one of the globally leading centres in multiscale steel research. Fulfilment of this vision will enable steel producers and users, both locally and globally, to innovate towards the widespread use of high-strength steels for environmentally friendly lightweight applications.

The research is carried out in the university´s strategic research focus institute Kvantum, the Centre of Advanced Steels Research (CASR) at the Faculty of Technology and Nano and Molecular Systems Research Unit at the Faculty of Science. CASR forms the biggest steel research consortium in the Nordic countries and is aiming to expand into an intersectoral Finnish research community.

Director: Prof. Jukka Kömi, Head of Materials and Production Engineering Unit, University of Oulu

Vice director: Prof. Marko Huttula, Head of Nano and Molecular Systems Unit, University of Oulu



The university also profiles in high-level multidisciplinary doctoral training with links to entrepreneurial activities. Here Imaging for the Future (I4Future): Novel Imaging and Characterisation Methods in Bio, Medical and Environmental Research and Technology Innovations is a EU Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie action co-funded doctoral programme at the University of Oulu. The highly international, interdisciplinary and intersectoral programme is coordinated at the Faculty of Science. The programme hosts 20 Early Stage Researchers from twelve nationalities around the globe, carrying out research in six faculties of the university. The I4Future programme will train ESRs with a deep knowledge and multidisciplinary view of the exploitation of modern imaging and characterisation methods, and transferable skills to evaluate and implement innovations made in research.

Head of the I4Future: Prof. Marko Huttula, Nano and Molecular Systems Research Unit, University of Oulu