The economic contribution of universities in Finland is 14,2 billion euros

The impact of Finnish universities on the Finnish economy has been evaluated. According to BiGGAR Economics, Finnish universities produce 14.2 billion gross added value for the Finnish economy, and their activities support around 136,000 jobs. This corresponds to 6.6 % of Finnish economic output, and 5.5 % of total employment in Finland. A euro invested in the Finnish universities produces, on average, 5.26 euros in return for the Finnish economy. Figures here include both the direct and the indirect effects. These are lower‐bound estimates, thus the real impact is likely larger.

University of Oulu is very productive

According to the report by the research center BiGGAR Economics, every euro invested in the University of Oulu had an impact of eight euros on the Finnish economy. The total effect on the national economy was 1.2 billion euros. There are 10,300 jobs in Finland and 11,500 jobs worldwide that are either directly or indirectly connected with the University of Oulu.

The main sources of impact are the core activities of the universities, the students’ activities, the business and innovation support that the universities provide, and the graduate premium. Other sources include the health benefits and tourism. In addition, through their staff and students, universities have many other impacts on society, such as renewing the Finnish cultural heritage, which are not measurable in euros.

Funding cuts weaken effectiveness

Part of the study considered how the economic contribution might be affected if the public funding of universities was altered. According to the evaluation, funding cuts might produce a disproportional influence on the economic impact, and short‐term funding cuts could diminish the economic impact to the extent that it nullifies the original savings.

”In the financial policy of universities, we must keep in mind that in universities which land in financial trouble, those positive financial effects that are hard to measure will collapse years before the consequences show in result indicators. Geographically extensive research and education is the hard core of universities and the purpose of their existence. They must be secured in all conditions”, said Chairman of UNIFI and Rector of the University of Oulu, Jouko Niinimäki, in the publication event of the evaluation.

The study was conducted by Scottish BiGGAR Economics Ltd, a company that has done similar evaluations previously in United Kingdom and other parts of Europe. The project was a joint project between The Confederation of Unions for Professional and Managerial Staff in Finland (Akava), Confederation of Finnish Industries (EK), The Association of Finnish Independent Education Employers (AFIEE), National Union of University Students in Finland (SYL), and Universities Finland UNIFI. All universities mentioned in the Universities Act participated in the evaluation which took place during Spring 2017.

The report is available at:

Last updated: 15.6.2017