Social change and the environment in Nordic prehistory: Evidence from Finland and northern Canada


Project description

SCENOP-project sought to identify cross-cultural regularities and differences in human responses to rapid environmental change in prehistory. By collecting and analyzing archaeological and paleo-environmental data from two widely separated but environmentally comparable circumpolar areas, the Yli-Ii area of Northern Finland and the Wemindji area of James Bay in Quebec, the project provided information about how prehistoric groups created sustainable adaptive systems in response to the environmental challenges while developing historically unique sets traditions. The project also shed light on the ways in which prehistoric populations consciously and unconsciously transformed and impacted their environments. Specifically, SCENOP examined ecological and human transitions between different environments over time in both regions under study in the context of shoreline displacement.

Project coordinator

University of Oulu

Project results

The results were collected into a doctoral thesis in the autumn of 2009 (Samuel Vaneeckhout, Aggregation and Polarization in Northwest Coastal Finland – Socio-ecological evolution between 6500 and 4000 calBP).


  • professor Andre Costopoulos, McGill University in Montreal (Canada)