Human-environmental relationships in the colonial encounter
Colonial contact can forcibly change the way people relate to the environment and animals. In Medieval and Early Modern Fennoscandia, the expanding Swedish state came into colonial contact with the indigenous Sámi. The agrarian lifestyle of the Swedish transformed in the demanding northern climate and in contact with the Sámi, and the colonial expansion led to the intensification of reindeer husbandry among the Sámi. This in turn had profound impacts on society, religion, and sacred landscapes of the Sámi and the Swedish. The aim of the project is to look at the effects of colonization on human-environmental relationships among the colonizers and the colonized. The project utilizes zooarchaeological methods, molecular analysis, spatial analysis and post-colonial and post-humanist theoretical approaches.