BCDC thesis: Everyone wants flexibility – But how do you integrate it into the electricity market?

BCDC Energy research project welcomes everyone to Florian Kühnlenz’s thesis defence, which will be held at the University of Oulu’s Linnanmaa Campus Saalasti Hall on Tuesday 5 November 2019, at 11 a.m. Opponent is Professor Peter Lund from Aalto University and custos Professor Ari Pouttu from the University of Oulu.

In this BCDC’s interview Florian tells us about the content of his doctoral research, the research methods, and the results and the applicability of his results in a multidimensional manner. In addition, he discusses the importance of his research in achieving a wider target and goals; that is, for electricity and energy systems’ disruption and climate change mitigation.

Please, tell us who are you, and where did you conduct your doctoral thesis?

My name is Florian Kühnlenz and I conducted my doctoral studies and research in Centre for Wireless Communications (CWC) and as part of the BCDC Digital Team, Oulu University.

 

What is the topic of your thesis and what are the main contents of it?

My thesis is titledAnalyzing flexible demand in Smart Grids. It deals with the complexity of steering the demand in Smart Grids.

In the near future, the demand from consumers will be an important source of flexibility, and while several ideas exist about how to make use of this flexibility, our research found they are often too simplistic.

Our research shows – through collaborative work – that a simple exposure of consumers to market prices will most likely not lead to the intended outcome of using renewable energy when it is available. Instead the flexibility needs to be integrated into the wholesale markets to be allocated efficiently.

 

What kind of new information and new results does your doctoral research offer?

In previous works about integration of consumer flexibility electricity markets have often been assumed to work more or less straight forwardly. However, electricity markets are a rather complex structure interacting in intricate ways with the physics of the grid. They have been designed and tuned over the years, so the incentives for the participants lead not only to an efficient use of resources but also to a stable power grid.

In the thesis it is demonstrated that these links should be considered to avoid unwanted outcomes when exposing consumers to market prices. In other words, the simple idea that electricity should cost more when it is more expensive to produce, is not as easy to implement as it sounds.

 

What is the role of your doctoral research and its results in relation…

…to the research tasks, targets and goals of the BCDC project and the Digital Team?

My thesis gives important guidelines about how the interaction between customers and providers of flexibility should be structured. For example, we – the authors of the research – encourage a mechanism that includes flexibility of consumers into the price formation of the market instead of making them just react to the official wholesale prices after they are formed and made public. Therefore, the thesis is closely linked with the goals of BCDC to help flexibility of consumers to reach the grid. Which in turn is necessary for the increased use of intermittent renewables like wind and solar.

…to the targets and goals of Strategic research?

BCDC is part of the Academy of Finland’s Strategic Research Council funded Disruptive Technologies and Changing Institutions (2015–2021) research program. How does your research relate to the goals of this research program?

In my thesis I strived to support the change from pure customers to prosumers by providing guidelines both economically and technologically, how the interactions between markets, grids and prosumers should be structured. In other words, it gives answers to the question asked by the Strategic Research Council: What changes are required in human activity, institutions and operational methods?

… to the development of the future electricity system, wider disruption of energy system, and to the targets and goals to mitigate climate change?

The only long-term solution for reducing CO2 output, is to expand the use of renewables. Renewables like wind and solar, however do not follow a production schedule like traditional power plants. We therefore have to adjust the consumption pattern to the production pattern, which is the opposite of how things are currently done.

This change will be brought on by all kinds of storage technology. One important storage technology is hidden at the consumer site in the form of flexible demand. Where the usage of electricity is shifted in time, just like it would with a grid side storage.

My thesis is trying to better understand the interaction of economics, grid physics and consumer behavior to make the integration of renewables possible.

 

Which actors etc. can benefit from the results of your thesis?

I hope that my thesis is helping future flexibility aggregators to orient their business model, as well as the policy makers and the public by avoiding unnecessary cost for balancing energy that might occur from consumers that are driven by wholesale prices.

 

What method did you use in your research and what do you think about this method’s role for your research? Was this a successful choice?

I have used mainly agent-based models in my thesis to model different actors very independently of each other, and to be able to have multiple actors of each kind interact in ways not necessarily confined by other types of mathematical frameworks.

I consider the methodology a successful choice, yes. It helped me to think more clearly about the structure of the problem and made it easier to interpret the results.

 

Lastly: How is it going on now? Where are you working and what kind of issues do you work with?

I am working now in Germany, at an energy and flexibility aggregator, named energy2market (e2m), applying many of the things I learned in practice during my thesis process.

The e2m is aggregating many different kinds of assets, from bio-gas power plants, wind and solar farms to batteries as well as flexible demand like electric cars. All of these are managed through a virtual power plant, which enables the e2m to offer their production or consumption to the wholesale markets and their flexibility into various reserve markets.

My job is the optimization of production schedules as well as generating more profitable strategies for bidding into the reserve markets.


BCDC congratulates Florian and wishes success to his current and future works!
 

Florian Kühnlenz’s thesis is part of the 6G Flagship research led by the University of Oulu and appointed by Academy of Finland. The Finnish 6G Flagship is a vigorous research and co-creation ecosystem for 5G deployment and 6G innovation.

“Future power systems needs 6G”, says in this video professor Ari Pouttu who is the director of 6G Flagship Energy Research.

DOCTORAL THESIS (PDF-FULLTEXT)

The University of Oulu’s dissertation ad (eng)
Oulun yliopiston väitösilmoitus (fin)

Power grid photo: Pixabay
 

The interview was published on 28th October 2019 on BCDC Energy research project website.


 

 

Last updated: 28.10.2019

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PROFESSIONAL SPELL CASTER WHO CAN HELP YOU WITH LOVE-SPELL TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK URGENTLY AFTER BREAKUP/DIVORCE EVEN IF YOUR SITUATION SEEMS HOPELESS! CONTACT: INFINITYLOVESPELL@GMAIL.COM IS CERTAINLY THE BEST SPELL CASTER ONLINE AND HIS RESULT IS 100% GUARANTEE..  After 3 Years in a relationship with my Boyfriend, my Boyfriend started going out with other girls and showing me cold love, on several occasions he threatens to broke-up with me if I dare question him about his affair with other girls, I was totally devastated and confused until an old friend of mine told me about a spell caster on the internet DR GREAT who help people with their relationship and marriage problem by the powers of love Spells, At first I doubted If such thing ever exists but decided to give it a try, When I contact him, he told me everything I needed to do and I did and he helped me cast a Love Spell and within 28Hours my boyfriend came back to me and started apologizing, now he has stopped going out with girls and he is with me for good and for real. Contact this Great spell Caster for your relationship or marriage problem.  Here's his contact.. CALL/WHATSAPP: +2348118829899 EMAIL: infinitylovespell@gmail.com  OR  infinitylovespell@yahoo.com    BLOG http://infinitylovespell1.blogspot.com

THE PERFECT LOVE SPELL CASTER TO CONTACT FOR YOUR BROKEN MARRIAGE  AND GET IT SOLVE FAST  I can't forget how Dr Great helped me to restore back my marriage after 4 month of separating with my wife out of quarrel and she left and never return back to me, i did so much to get her back but nothing worked out not until i saw a comment online when someone was testifying of how Dr Great helped him to get back his wife and that was how i contacted him through his WhatsApp and after writing my issue out he assured me that he will help me to get back with my wife in 24 hrs after casting the love spell, and after he did the spell my wife came back home and pleaded that she was very sorry for leaving me, today am back with my wife and we are both happy and living together again. i know there are many people out there that want's to get their love back please contact Dr Great cause he is the perfect answer to your problem. Contact him: Call/WhatsApp him: +2348118829899 Email: infinitylovespell@gmail.com OR infinitylovespell@yahoo.com View his blog  http://infinitylovespell1.blogspot.com

Hello my name is Sally my fiance broke up with me last week i was so sad I changed completely, I wasn't eating and i wasn't talking to anybody, I cried a lot,I was so depressed and stressed out that I was scared I'm going to end up in the hospital because of all the stress and depression until one day i search online on getting love tips because I Love & care about him deeply and I just want us to be together as a couple again and I want us to last forever then i found a powerful spell caster Called Priest Ade that he solved so many relationship problem then Priest Ade told me he will come back to me between 24hrs after he cast spell on him never believe it until my finance called me on the phone and told me he want us to come back and live happily together forever , Am so happy now that Priest Ade help me bring my finance back to me. Thanks so much Priest Ade  he can also help you Email him at  ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com  Blog: https://priestade.blogspot.com WhatsApp +2347059715465

Hello my name is Sally my fiance broke up with me last week i was so sad I changed completely, I wasn't eating and i wasn't talking to anybody, I cried a lot,I was so depressed and stressed out that I was scared I'm going to end up in the hospital because of all the stress and depression until one day i search online on getting love tips because I Love & care about him deeply and I just want us to be together as a couple again and I want us to last forever then i found a powerful spell caster Called Priest Ade that he solved so many relationship problem then Priest Ade told me he will come back to me between 24hrs after he cast spell on him never believe it until my finance called me on the phone and told me he want us to come back and live happily together forever , Am so happy now that Priest Ade help me bring my finance back to me. Thanks so much Priest Ade  he can also help you Email him at  ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com  Blog: https://priestade.blogspot.com WhatsApp +2347059715465

Hello my name is Sally my fiance broke up with me last week i was so sad I changed completely, I wasn't eating and i wasn't talking to anybody, I cried a lot,I was so depressed and stressed out that I was scared I'm going to end up in the hospital because of all the stress and depression until one day i search online on getting love tips because I Love & care about him deeply and I just want us to be together as a couple again and I want us to last forever then i found a powerful spell caster Called Priest Ade that he solved so many relationship problem then Priest Ade told me he will come back to me between 24hrs after he cast spell on him never believe it until my finance called me on the phone and told me he want us to come back and live happily together forever , Am so happy now that Priest Ade help me bring my finance back to me. Thanks so much Priest Ade  he can also help you Email him at  ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com  Blog: https://priestade.blogspot.com WhatsApp +2347059715465

Hello everyone I want to let the whole world know how Dr Great has restored my broken relationship with Wayne. We have been together for 3 years and he told me that he doesn’t love me like he used to. Things have not been good for about 4 months and he ended this about 2 weeks ago. I was miserable and just don’t want to go on anymore. I did text him right after this but he didn’t even respond to me. One day I was searching for a way to get him back on the Internet when I saw a post of a lady testifying of how a love spell caster called Dr Great helped her to get back her Ex, I was so desperate to get mine back so I messaged him and explained my situation to him and he instructed me to do somethings which I did and 24 hours later my boyfriend Wayne came back kneeling and begging for my forgiveness and I forgive him and our relationship was back to normal again, if your Ex broke up with you or you have any problem then you problem has come to an end because Dr Great can solve all marriage and relationship problems. If you need his urgent help email him at  infinitylovespell@gmail.com OR infinitylovespell@yahoo.com  You can also call or add him on WhatsApp +2348118829899 BLOG http://infinitylovespell1.blogspot.com

Hello my name is Jenna i want to share my amazing experience with the greatest spell caster Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and when i found out we had a fight which lead to him filling for a divorce i cried and fell sick when i was searching about love quotes online i saw people talking about him and his great work whose case was similar to mine they left his contact info i contacted him and he told me not to worry that after 24hrs he will cancel the divorce and be back to me after i did everything he asked me to do to my greatest surprise the next day evening it was my husband he knelt down begging me to accept him back,thank you once again Priest Ade you are indeed a blessing to me he can also help you contact ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com  Blog: https://priestade.blogspot.com WhatsApp +2347059715465  .

Hello my name is Jenna i want to share my amazing experience with the greatest spell caster Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and when i found out we had a fight which lead to him filling for a divorce i cried and fell sick when i was searching about love quotes online i saw people talking about him and his great work whose case was similar to mine they left his contact info i contacted him and he told me not to worry that after 24hrs he will cancel the divorce and be back to me after i did everything he asked me to do to my greatest surprise the next day evening it was my husband he knelt down begging me to accept him back,thank you once again Priest Ade you are indeed a blessing to me he can also help you contact ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com  Blog: https://priestade.blogspot.com WhatsApp +2347059715465  .

I just want the whole world to know about this spell caster I met two weeks ago, wisdomspiritualtemple@gmail.com I cannot say everything he has done for me my wife left me 3 years ago left with my kids I was going through online when I meant this wonderful man's testimony online I decided to give it a try and my wife is back to me now and we ar1e happily married again cause is too much to put in writing all I can say is thank you very much am very happy .and does alot of spell including Love Spell Death Spell Money Spell Power Spell Success Spell Sickness Spell Pregnancy Spell Marriage Spell Job Spell Protection Spell Lottery Spell Court Case Spell Luck Spell etc. In case you need his help contact him on this email address wisdomspiritualtemple@gmail.com he is a good man thanks.whatsapp number +234813 648 2342

My husband and I have been married for about 7 yrs now. We were happily married with two kids, a boy and a girl. 3 months ago, I started to notice some strange behavior from him and a few weeks later I found out that my husband is seeing someone. He started coming home late from work, he hardly care about me or the kids anymore, Sometimes he goes out and doesn't even come back home for about 2-3 days. I did all I could to rectify this problem but all to no avail. I became very worried and needed help. As I was browsing through the Internet one day, I came across a website that suggested that Dr Great can help solve marital problems, restore broken relationships and so on. So, I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and he did a spell for me. Two days later, my husband came to me and apologized for the wrongs he did and promise never to do it again. Ever since then, everything has returned back to normal. I and my family are living together happily again.. All thanks to Dr Great . If you need a spell caster that can cast a spell that truly works, I suggest you contact him. He will not disappoint you. This is his E-mail:  infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com WhatsApp +2348118829899 Blog http://infinitylovespell1.blogspot.com

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