Tukilämmitysjärjestelmillä potentiaalia päästöjen ja kustannusten vähentäjinä

Tukilämmitysjärjestelmien liittäminen pääjärjestelmän rinnalle tai tueksi on yksi lämmityksen tehostamistavoista. Useita lämmitystapoja yhdistelevien hybridiratkaisujen lisääntyminen on kuitenkin – perinteistä puutakkaa ja leivinuunia lukuun ottamatta – ollut kiistattomista hyödyistään huolimatta hidasta. BCDC Energia -hankkeessa tekemämme tutkimus lisää ymmärrystä siitä, miksi tukilämmityshankintoja ei aina tehdä, ja auttaa löytämään keinoja vaikuttaa järjestelmähankintojen yleistymiseen.

Tilojen ja käyttöveden lämmityksen osuus on yli 80 prosenttia asumisen energiankulutuksesta Suomessa. Yhdessä liikkumisen ja ruokailun kanssa lämmitys on asia, jossa yksittäisellä kuluttajalla on mahdollisuus tehdä merkittäviä energiaa säästäviä ja päästöjä pienentäviä valintoja. Tehokas ja toimiva lämmitys tuo käyttökustannussäästöjä kotitaloudelle. Myös kansantalous voi hyötyä tuontienergian tarpeen pienentyessä.

Selvitämme osana BCDC Energia -hankkeen tutkimusta omakotitalorakentajien tukilämmitysjärjestelmävalintoja. Analyysimme pohjautuu 432 omakotitalorakentajan vuosina 2012–2014 tekemiin lämmitysvalintoihin.

Erityisen huomiomme kohteena on neljä tukijärjestelmätyyppiä, joista ilmalämpöpumppu on 44:ssä, aurinkokeräin 20:ssa, vesitakka 14:ssä ja aurinkopaneeli neljässä kodissa. Tarkastelun ulkopuolelle olemme rajanneet muut takkaratkaisut ja leivinuunit, joista ainakin jompikumpi löytyy lähes 90 prosentilta aineistomme kotitalouksista.

Miksi kotitaloudet hankkivat tai jättävät hankkimatta järjestelmän?

Aineistomme perusteella taloudellisten hyötyjen vaikutus on hankintapäätöstä tehtäessä kiistaton. Suurempi säästöpotentiaali ja näin ollen lyhyempi takaisinmaksuaika lisäävät investointihalukkuutta. Esimerkiksi ilmalämpöpumppu hankitaan sähkölämmitysjärjestelmän tueksi erityisesti juuri käyttökustannussäästöjen vuoksi. Toisaalta tukilämmitysjärjestelmien investointikustannukset ovat osalle myös hankinnan este.

Talon sijaintiin liittyvät asiat näyttävät vaikuttavan niin ikään hankintapäätöstä tehtäessä. Lisäksi kotitalouskohtaisilla tekijöillä, kuten nuoremmalla iällä, on jonkin verran merkitystä. Ympäristötietoisuus lisää hankinnan todennäköisyyttä, mutta ei yksistään riitä selittämään ostopäätöstä. Järjestelmäkohtaisissa vaatimuksissa on myös eroja.

Päälämmitysjärjestelmän valinta vaikuttaa jo itsessään tukilämmityshankintoihin. Maalämpöpumpun hankkinut kotitalous investoi huomattavasti harvemmin ei-puupohjaisiin tukilämmitysjärjestelmiin. Osa kotitalouksista on myös sitä mieltä, että maalämpöpumppu yksistään on riittävä. Muun muassa Teknologian tutkimuskeskuksen (VTT) DESY-hankkeen tulokset kertovat kuitenkin, että maalämpöpumppu voisi hyötyä etenkin aurinkoenergiajärjestelmien hankinnasta.

Tietämys lisää positiivista suhtautumista

Kotitaloudet suhtautuvat pääosin myönteisesti useita lämmitysmuotoja hyödyntäviin hybridiratkaisuihin. Erityisen positiivisesti suhtaudutaan aurinkokeräimiin ja -paneeleihin. Järjestelmään liittyvän tietämyksen kasvaessa suhtautuminen muuttuu entistä positiivisemmaksi. Ostamisen harkinnassakin on eroja: osa kotitalouksista vaatii enemmän todisteita hyödyistä ja toimivuudesta ennen kuin edes harkitsevat järjestelmää.

Kotitaloudet saavat lämmitysjärjestelmätietoa useiden eri lähteiden kautta. Tietoa hankitaan sähköisistä kanavista, mutta vuorovaikutus tuttavien kanssa on myös yleistä. Uuden omakotitalon rakentamista suunnittelevat käyttävät aikaa keskusteluihin asiantuntijoiden kanssa, messuihin ja alan aineiston läpikäyntiin. Eri kanavien yhteys tukilämmityshankintapäätökseen vaihtelee. Eritoten henkilökohtaiset kohtaamiset selittävät ostopäätöksiä.

Niin lämmitysjärjestelmät kuin asuintalotkin poikkeavat toisistaan. Järjestelmää hankittaessa tulee ottaa huomioon asuinalueen mahdolliset – kylläkin jo laajalti helpottuneet – lupatarpeet, vaikutukset naapurustoon ja paikallinen tuotantopotentiaali.

Kotitalouksille on tärkeää tehdä tehokkaita, yhteensopivia ja taloudellisia päätöksiä. Yleisesti puolueettomalle ja kansantajuiselle informaatiolle on suuri tarve.

Kuva: iStock

 

Kirjoittajat: Jouni Räihä ja Enni Ruokamo, BCDC Markkinat -tiimi

jouni räihä, enni ruokamo, bcdc energia, oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulu, suomen ympäristökeskus, tukilämmitysjärjestelmät, lämmitys, omakotitaloJouni Räihä on tutkimusassistentti Oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulussa.
jouni.raiha(a)oulu.fi



 

 

jouni räihä, enni ruokamo, bcdc energia, oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulu, suomen ympäristökeskus, tukilämmitysjärjestelmät, lämmitys, omakotitaloEnni Ruokamo on tutkija, tutkijatohtori Oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulussa ja Suomen ympäristökeskuksessa.
enni.ruokamo(a)oulu.fi

 

 

 

Blogiartikkeli on julkaistu 26.8.2019 BCDC Energia -tutkimushankkeen verkkosivuilla.


 

 

Last updated: 2.9.2019

Comments

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I have been suffering from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) disease for the past one years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year,I had faith in God that i would be healed someday.This disease started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few weeks ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by this Man Dr patrick and she also gave the email address: dr.patrickherbalhome@gmail.com of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to Dr. patrick telling him about my (HERPES Virus) he told me not to worry that i was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me as the doctor assured me that i have cured,after some time i went to my doctor to confirmed if i have be finally healed behold it was TRUE, So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email:: dr.patrickherbalhome@mail.com or whatsApp his number on +2348055367947      

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How I Got My Ex Husband Back..Am so excited to share my testimony of a real spell caster who brought my husband back to me. My husband and I have been married for about 6 years now. We were happily married with two kids, a boy and a girl. 3 months ago, I started to notice some strange behavior from him and a few weeks later I found out that my husband is seeing someone else. He started coming home late from work, he hardly care about me or the kids anymore, Sometimes he goes out and doesn't even come back home for about 2-3 days. I did all I could to rectify this problem but all to no avail. I became very worried and needed help. As I was browsing through the internet one day, I came across a website that suggested that Dr Aluya can help solve marital problems, restore broken relationships and so on. So, I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and and told him my problems and he told me what to do and i did it and he did a spell for me. 48 hours later, my husband came to me and apologized for the wrongs he did and promise never to do it again. Ever since then, everything has returned back to normal. I and my family are living together happily again.. All thanks to Dr Aluya Powerful Love Spell that really works. If you have any problem contact him and i guarantee you that he will help you. He will not disappoint you. Email him at: aluya.48hoursspelltemple@gmail.com. or whatsapp him on: +2348055431163.

Can't still believe that i got cured from Genital Herpes through herbal treatment from Dr Ekpen who I met through the internet, I actually couldn't believe it at first because it sounded impossible to me knowing how far I have gone just to get rid of it. Dr Ekpen send me his medicine which I took as instructed and here I am living a happy life once again, a big thanks to Dr Ekpen I am sure there are many herbal doctors out there but Dr Ekpen did it for me, contact him on dr.ekpenheallingcenter@gmail.com

I have been suffering from (HERPES) disease for the last four years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year, I had faith in God that I would be healed someday.This disease started to circulate all over my body and I have been taking treatment from my doctor, a few weeks ago I came on search on the internet if I could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search I saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (Hepatitis B and Cancer) by this Man Dr. Silver and she also gave the email address of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so I wrote to Dr. Silver telling him about my (HERPES Virus) he told me not to worry that I was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later I started experiencing changes all over me as the Dr. assured me that I have cured, after some time i went to my doctor to confirmed if I have been finally healed behold it was TRUE, So friends my advice is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email Dr. Silver (drsilverhealingtemple@gmail.com) sir I am indeed grateful for the help I will forever recommend you to my friends!!! with your lovely Email Address ( drsilverhealingtemple@gmail.com or whatsapp him on +2347032474849

Hello my name is Jenna i want to share my amazing experience with the greatest spell caster Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and when i found out we had a fight which lead to him filling for a divorce i cried and fell sick when i was searching about love quotes online i saw people talking about him and his great work whose case was similar to mine they left his contact info i contacted him and he told me not to worry that after 24hrs he will cancel the divorce and be back to me after i did everything he asked me to do to my greatest surprise the next day evening it was my husband he knelt down begging me to accept him back,thank you once again Priest Ade you are indeed a blessing to me he can also help you contact ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com  https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com Blog: https://priestade.blogspot.com Website http://ancientspiritspellcast.website2.me WhatsApp +2347059715465  .

Do you still need your soulmate back after divorce.. I just want to quickly share with you all what this wonderful man of god Dr matchmaker did for me. One week ago my husband left me and abandoned our kids with me without saying a word to me, no phone calls, no texts and when i text him he don't reply until this very faithful day i was reading a blog post about single moms and how they do cope, i was scrolling through the comment section when i came across someone's comment who testified about this great man of god, i quickly copied his email address and contacted him straight and explained to him all i was passing through and he said my daughter you don't have to worry anymore you have come to the right place for help. He told me what i needed to do which i did without hesitation. Behold the next morning i heard a knock on the door only for me to find out it's my husband who has left me for whole one week on his kneels crying and apologizing for all the pains he has caused me. I felts as if i was dreaming but i soon realized that i wasn't, it was my husband, he came back to me. Thank you so much Dr matchmaker. Am forever grateful.. Get in touch! ancientspelltemple12 @ gmail. com or lord.spiritual @ yahoo .com  WhatsApp him directly   +2347052593229

Do you still need your soulmate back after divorce.. I just want to quickly share with you all what this wonderful man of god Dr matchmaker did for me. One week ago my husband left me and abandoned our kids with me without saying a word to me, no phone calls, no texts and when i text him he don't reply until this very faithful day i was reading a blog post about single moms and how they do cope, i was scrolling through the comment section when i came across someone's comment who testified about this great man of god, i quickly copied his email address and contacted him straight and explained to him all i was passing through and he said my daughter you don't have to worry anymore you have come to the right place for help. He told me what i needed to do which i did without hesitation. Behold the next morning i heard a knock on the door only for me to find out it's my husband who has left me for whole one week on his kneels crying and apologizing for all the pains he has caused me. I felts as if i was dreaming but i soon realized that i wasn't, it was my husband, he came back to me. Thank you so much Dr matchmaker. Am forever grateful.. Get in touch! ancientspelltemple12 @ gmail. com or lord.spiritual @ yahoo .com  WhatsApp him directly   +2347052593229

I’m so excited my broken Marriage has been restored. “We recently made up, even though it was difficult. It’s been more than a month now, and everything feels like it’s returned to normal. He has began to treat me better, and it’s been a healing process for both of us. The nightmare that had lasted for almost 2 years before we broke up is finally over. It’s like we fell in love all over again! We’ve both put the past behind us, and are trying to move forward – and for the first time in a long time, the future looks a lot brighter. I can’t express in words how grateful I am Dr Great! It’s like we’ve finally rediscovered those things about each other that made us fall in love in the first place. All of the worrying and stress has simply vanished. Thank you Dr Great for saving my broken Marriage and brought my husband back to me!”. Me and my husband are living together happily again.. All thanks to Dr Great. If you have any problem contact Dr Great now and i guarantee you that he will help you contact him through infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com WhatsApp +2348118829899 website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me/ blog http://infinitylovespell1.blogspot.com

Hello everyone my name is Sophie,i am from Canada I feel very happy to share my great and wonderful testimony with everyone on this platform..: I was married for 4 years to my husband and all of a sudden another woman came into the picture he started hating me and he was abusive and all because i never bear him a child. but i still loved him with all my heart and wanted him at all cost.... He filed for divorce and my whole life was turning apart and i didn't know what to do, he moved out of the house and abandoned me all alone,one day a very close friend of mine told me about trying spiritual means to get my husband back,so i went online to search and i came across so many spell caster who only wasted my time and took a lot of money from me,but i went back to her and told her that spiritual way has only taking my money and not yielding anything, and she  introduced me to a spell caster,drgurulovespelltemple@yahoo.com, so i decided to try it. although i didn't believe in all those things because of what i have gone through lately,i contacted the Doctor and explain all my problems to him and he told me that i shouldn't worry that when he cast the spell on me and my husband that my husband is going to run back to me and that within 3weeks am going to get pregnant,so i did the little he ask me to do and behold it all work out,my husband run back to me and right now we have Twins boy and a girl,so all thanks to Dr Guru you're indeed a great spell caster, in case anyone needs help here is his email address; drgurulovespelltemple@yahoo.com His spells is for a better life OR whatsapp him now +2349023365076

RECOMMENDED & TRUSTED LOVE SPELL .. My story is probably typical. Husband fell into an affair with another lady abandoned me with the kids, I felt my life was over and my kids thought they would never see their father again. i tried to be strong just for the kids but i could not control the pains that torments my heart, my heart was filled with sorrows and pains because i was really in love with my husband. Every day and night i think of him and always wish he would come back to me, I was really upset and i needed help, so i searched for help online and I came across an Ad that suggested that Dr, matchmaker. can help get ex back fast. So, I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and he told me what to do and i did it then he did a (Love spell) for me. 28 hours later, my husband really called me and told me how he missed me and the kids so much, And kept apologizing on the phone. It was awesome!! that was how he came back that same day, with lots of love and joy, and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me and the kids. Our Marriage is now stronger than how it was before, thanks to Dr, matchmaker. he is so powerful and i decided to share my story on the internet that Dr, matchmaker. is a real and powerful spell caster who i will always pray to live long to help his children in the time of trouble, if you are here and you need your ex back or you are wanting your spouse back after separation then, fear not contact this man of god now Dr, matchmaker. WhatsApp +2347052593229 Contact Mail; lord.spiritual(@)yahoo.com or ancientspelltemple12(@)gmail.com

RECOMMENDED & TRUSTED LOVE SPELL .. My story is probably typical. Husband fell into an affair with another lady abandoned me with the kids, I felt my life was over and my kids thought they would never see their father again. i tried to be strong just for the kids but i could not control the pains that torments my heart, my heart was filled with sorrows and pains because i was really in love with my husband. Every day and night i think of him and always wish he would come back to me, I was really upset and i needed help, so i searched for help online and I came across an Ad that suggested that Dr, matchmaker. can help get ex back fast. So, I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and he told me what to do and i did it then he did a (Love spell) for me. 28 hours later, my husband really called me and told me how he missed me and the kids so much, And kept apologizing on the phone. It was awesome!! that was how he came back that same day, with lots of love and joy, and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me and the kids. Our Marriage is now stronger than how it was before, thanks to Dr, matchmaker. he is so powerful and i decided to share my story on the internet that Dr, matchmaker. is a real and powerful spell caster who i will always pray to live long to help his children in the time of trouble, if you are here and you need your ex back or you are wanting your spouse back after separation then, fear not contact this man of god now Dr, matchmaker. WhatsApp +2347052593229 Contact Mail; lord.spiritual(@)yahoo.com or ancientspelltemple12(@)gmail.com RECOMMENDED & TRUSTED LOVE SPELL .. My story is probably typical. Husband fell into an affair with another lady abandoned me with the kids, I felt my life was over and my kids thought they would never see their father again. i tried to be strong just for the kids but i could not control the pains that torments my heart, my heart was filled with sorrows and pains because i was really in love with my husband. Every day and night i think of him and always wish he would come back to me, I was really upset and i needed help, so i searched for help online and I came across an Ad that suggested that Dr, matchmaker. can help get ex back fast. So, I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and he told me what to do and i did it then he did a (Love spell) for me. 28 hours later, my husband really called me and told me how he missed me and the kids so much, And kept apologizing on the phone. It was awesome!! that was how he came back that same day, with lots of love and joy, and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me and the kids. Our Marriage is now stronger than how it was before, thanks to Dr, matchmaker. he is so powerful and i decided to share my story on the internet that Dr, matchmaker. is a real and powerful spell caster who i will always pray to live long to help his children in the time of trouble, if you are here and you need your ex back or you are wanting your spouse back after separation then, fear not contact this man of god now Dr, matchmaker. WhatsApp +2347052593229 Contact Mail; lord.spiritual(@)yahoo.com or ancientspelltemple12(@)gmail.com RECOMMENDED & TRUSTED LOVE SPELL .. My story is probably typical. Husband fell into an affair with another lady abandoned me with the kids, I felt my life was over and my kids thought they would never see their father again. i tried to be strong just for the kids but i could not control the pains that torments my heart, my heart was filled with sorrows and pains because i was really in love with my husband. Every day and night i think of him and always wish he would come back to me, I was really upset and i needed help, so i searched for help online and I came across an Ad that suggested that Dr, matchmaker. can help get ex back fast. So, I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and he told me what to do and i did it then he did a (Love spell) for me. 28 hours later, my husband really called me and told me how he missed me and the kids so much, And kept apologizing on the phone. It was awesome!! that was how he came back that same day, with lots of love and joy, and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me and the kids. Our Marriage is now stronger than how it was before, thanks to Dr, matchmaker. he is so powerful and i decided to share my story on the internet that Dr, matchmaker. is a real and powerful spell caster who i will always pray to live long to help his children in the time of trouble, if you are here and you need your ex back or you are wanting your spouse back after separation then, fear not contact this man of god now Dr, matchmaker. WhatsApp +2347052593229 Contact Mail; lord.spiritual(@)yahoo.com or ancientspelltemple12(@)gmail.com RECOMMENDED & TRUSTED LOVE SPELL .. My story is probably typical. Husband fell into an affair with another lady abandoned me with the kids, I felt my life was over and my kids thought they would never see their father again. i tried to be strong just for the kids but i could not control the pains that torments my heart, my heart was filled with sorrows and pains because i was really in love with my husband. Every day and night i think of him and always wish he would come back to me, I was really upset and i needed help, so i searched for help online and I came across an Ad that suggested that Dr, matchmaker. can help get ex back fast. So, I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and he told me what to do and i did it then he did a (Love spell) for me. 28 hours later, my husband really called me and told me how he missed me and the kids so much, And kept apologizing on the phone. It was awesome!! that was how he came back that same day, with lots of love and joy, and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me and the kids. Our Marriage is now stronger than how it was before, thanks to Dr, matchmaker. he is so powerful and i decided to share my story on the internet that Dr, matchmaker. is a real and powerful spell caster who i will always pray to live long to help his children in the time of trouble, if you are here and you need your ex back or you are wanting your spouse back after separation then, fear not contact this man of god now Dr, matchmaker. WhatsApp +2347052593229 Contact Mail; lord.spiritual(@)yahoo.com or ancientspelltemple12(@)gmail.com RECOMMENDED & TRUSTED LOVE SPELL .. My story is probably typical. Husband fell into an affair with another lady abandoned me with the kids, I felt my life was over and my kids thought they would never see their father again. i tried to be strong just for the kids but i could not control the pains that torments my heart, my heart was filled with sorrows and pains because i was really in love with my husband. Every day and night i think of him and always wish he would come back to me, I was really upset and i needed help, so i searched for help online and I came across an Ad that suggested that Dr, matchmaker. can help get ex back fast. So, I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and he told me what to do and i did it then he did a (Love spell) for me. 28 hours later, my husband really called me and told me how he missed me and the kids so much, And kept apologizing on the phone. It was awesome!! that was how he came back that same day, with lots of love and joy, and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me and the kids. Our Marriage is now stronger than how it was before, thanks to Dr, matchmaker. he is so powerful and i decided to share my story on the internet that Dr, matchmaker. is a real and powerful spell caster who i will always pray to live long to help his children in the time of trouble, if you are here and you need your ex back or you are wanting your spouse back after separation then, fear not contact this man of god now Dr, matchmaker. WhatsApp +2347052593229 Contact Mail; lord.spiritual(@)yahoo.com or ancientspelltemple12(@)gmail.com RECOMMENDED & TRUSTED LOVE SPELL .. My story is probably typical. Husband fell into an affair with another lady abandoned me with the kids, I felt my life was over and my kids thought they would never see their father again. i tried to be strong just for the kids but i could not control the pains that torments my heart, my heart was filled with sorrows and pains because i was really in love with my husband. Every day and night i think of him and always wish he would come back to me, I was really upset and i needed help, so i searched for help online and I came across an Ad that suggested that Dr, matchmaker. can help get ex back fast. So, I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and he told me what to do and i did it then he did a (Love spell) for me. 28 hours later, my husband really called me and told me how he missed me and the kids so much, And kept apologizing on the phone. It was awesome!! that was how he came back that same day, with lots of love and joy, and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me and the kids. Our Marriage is now stronger than how it was before, thanks to Dr, matchmaker. he is so powerful and i decided to share my story on the internet that Dr, matchmaker. is a real and powerful spell caster who i will always pray to live long to help his children in the time of trouble, if you are here and you need your ex back or you are wanting your spouse back after separation then, fear not contact this man of god now Dr, matchmaker. WhatsApp +2347052593229 Contact Mail; lord.spiritual(@)yahoo.com or ancientspelltemple12(@)gmail.com

I’m so excited my broken Marriage has been restored. “We recently made up, even though it was difficult. It’s been more than a month now, and everything feels like it’s returned to normal. He has began to treat me better, and it’s been a healing process for both of us. The nightmare that had lasted for almost 2 years before we broke up is finally over. It’s like we fell in love all over again! We’ve both put the past behind us, and are trying to move forward – and for the first time in a long time, the future looks a lot brighter. I can’t express in words how grateful I am Dr Great! It’s like we’ve finally rediscovered those things about each other that made us fall in love in the first place. All of the worrying and stress has simply vanished. Thank you Dr Great for saving my broken Marriage and brought my husband back to me!”. Me and my husband are living together happily again.. All thanks to Dr Great. If you have any problem contact Dr Great now and i guarantee you that he will help you contact him through infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com WhatsApp +2348118829899 website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me/ blog http://infinitylovespell1.blogspot.com

After being in relationship with my husband for years, he broke up with me. I did everything within my reach to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so badly because of the love I had for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to my friend and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back , I had no choice than to try it. I messaged the spell caster, and he assured me there was no problem and that everything will be okay before three days. He cast the spell and surprisingly on the second day, my husband called me. I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that had happened He wanted me to return to him. He also said he loved me so much. I was so happy and went to him that was how we started living together happily again. The spell casters email is okokakspellhome@gmail.com. You can email him if you need his assistance in your relationship or any other Case. Or WhatApp him on +2349060421250

Hello everyone my name is Sophie,i am from Canada I feel very happy to share my great and wonderful testimony with everyone on this platform..: I was married for 4 years to my husband and all of a sudden another woman came into the picture he started hating me and he was abusive and all because i never bear him a child. but i still loved him with all my heart and wanted him at all cost.... He filed for divorce and my whole life was turning apart and i didn't know what to do, he moved out of the house and abandoned me all alone,one day a very close friend of mine told me about trying spiritual means to get my husband back,so i went online to search and i came across so many spell caster who only wasted my time and took a lot of money from me,but i went back to her and told her that spiritual way has only taking my money and not yielding anything, and she  introduced me to a spell caster,drgurulovespelltemple@yahoo.com, so i decided to try it. although i didn't believe in all those things because of what i have gone through lately,i contacted the Doctor and explain all my problems to him and he told me that i shouldn't worry that when he cast the spell on me and my husband that my husband is going to run back to me and that within 3weeks am going to get pregnant,so i did the little he ask me to do and behold it all work out,my husband run back to me and right now we have Twins boy and a girl,so all thanks to Dr Guru you're indeed a great spell caster, in case anyone needs help here is his email address; drgurulovespelltemple@yahoo.com His spells is for a better life OR whatsapp him now +2349023365076

HOW I WAS CURE FROM HERPES WITHIN 14DAYS WITH THE HELP OF DR SAMBOLA HERBAL MEDICINE CONTACT DR SAMBOLA https://drsambolaherbalcure.weebly.com I am so Happy to be writing this article in here, i am here to explore blogs from about the wonderful and most safe cure for HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS I was positive to the Virus called HERPES and i lost hope completely because i was rejected even by my closet friends. i searched online to know and inquire about cure for HERPES and i saw testimony about DR SAMBOLA online on how he cured so many persons from Herpes Disease so i decided to contact the great herbalist because i know that nature has the power to heal everything. i contacted him to know how he can help me and he told me never to worry that he will help me with the natural herbs from God! after 2 days contacting him, he told me that the cure has been ready and he sent it to me via FEDEX or DHL and it got to me after 4 days! i used the medicine as he instructed me (MORNING and EVENING) and i was cured! its really like a dream but i'm so happy! that's the reason i decided to also add more comment of Him so that more people can be saved just like me! and if you need his help,contact his Email: (drsambolaherbalcure@gmail.com You can contact him +2348168259521 or WhatsApp him +2348168259521 He also have the herbs to cure difference cure for any sickness (1) HERPES, (2) DIABETES, (3) HIV&AIDS, (4) URINARY TRACT INFECTION, (5) HEPATITIS B, (6) IMPOTENCE, (7) BARENESS/INFERTILITY (8) DIARRHEA (9) ASTHMA... kindly email DR SAMBOLA for your own cure if you have any disease listed and his email drsambolaherbalcure@gmail.com His WhatsApp no +2348168259521

I want to thank Dr Ovie for the help he has rendered to me by getting Rid of my (HSV-2). I was Diagnosed in July 2018 but after the Usage of Dr Ovie Herbal Medicine, I was cured from (HSV-2) and the virus was completely gone from my body. The Symptoms of the (HSV-2) Virus is completely Gone.. So anyone who is having the virus should contact Dr Ovie to give you the herbal medicine to cure yourself. HERPES, You can contact Dr Ovie on email: Ovie.miraclemedicine1@gmail.com or call and whats-app him +2348123606590 Dr Ovie also have the cure for different types of diseases like 1 cancer cure 2 diabetes cure 3 ringing ear 4 herpes cure 5 warts cure 6 HPV cure 7 Hiv 8 get your ex back 9 pregnancy herbal medicine 10 prostate enlargement 11 Hepatitis B….

I have been suffering from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) disease for the past one years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year,I had faith in God that i would be healed someday.This disease started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few weeks ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by this Man Dr patrick and she also gave the email address: dr.patrickherbalhome@gmail.com of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to Dr. patrick telling him about my (HERPES Virus) he told me not to worry that i was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me as the doctor assured me that i have cured,after some time i went to my doctor to confirmed if i have be finally healed behold it was TRUE, So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email:: dr.patrickherbalhome@mail.com or whatsApp his number on +2348055367947        

Please visit (http://dradodalovetemple.com) (https://dradodalovetemple.blogspot.com) i am here to give testimony on how this powerful spell caster called Dr Adoda helped me to fix my relationship. i was heartbroken when my fiancee told me he is no longer interested in marrying me because he was having an affair with the other woman where he work. I cried and sobbed every day, until it got so bad that I reached out to the Internet for help, that was when i read a review about the great work of Dr Adoda, then i contacted him for help to get my lover back, he helped me cast a powerful (reconciliation love spell) and to my greatest surprise after 48 hours of doing the love spell my Fiancee came back on his knees begging me to forgive him We are now happily married and all thanks goes to Dr Adoda Wonders for helping me save my relationship you can contact Dr Adoda through his email address: adodalovespelltemple440@gmail.com or WHATSAPP him on +2348112825421.

Hello, I want to write a little review about the good work of doctor Solution who cured me from HSV 1 and 2 for just 2 week with his herbal medicine, I never believe I can be normal again and have a good life like others I always regretted the day I got diagnose with the virus, I was lost of hope when my doctor told me there is no cure for it but I keep thinking and thinking about my future, if I can have kids of my own well I am so grateful for my helper who get me cured with his herbal medicine, I went online in search of anything that can help me because I can’t deal with it forever so I found this doc solution email on a blog of someone who was cured by him I quickly contacted him for help and explained all my pain to him, he told me not to worry about it there is cure for real, I never believe until he sent me the herbal medicine when I ordered for it and I got it within 5 working days that is how I took the medicine for 2 weeks and the following week I went for test just to confirm I was 100% cured from this sickness what a miracle in my life I am so happy right now, you can also get in contact with him if you have such sickness through email address:: solutionhealinghome@gmail. com

I never believed that i will be happy again after much frustration. I have been rejected by my husband after Six(6) years of marriage just because he met another woman and he left me and the kids to suffer. One day when i was reading through the web i stumbled at a post on how chief dr lucky the great spell caster has helped people to restore broken marriages and relationships and curing of diseases. I emailed him immediately to help my situation via: chiefdrlucky@gmail.com He told me not to worry that my husband will return to me begging and shedding tears of forgiveness. I am so happy that my husband actually returned to me in 48 hours after i obeyed the words and instructions of chief dr lucky. contact him today in any of your problems for a lasting solution via: chiefdrlucky@gmail.com or call/whats app +2348132777335 Website: http://chiefdrluckysolutionhome.website2.me/  

Dr Okiti is heaven sent, i saw a post about the good things he has done for people and i decided to try my luck with him, am glad i did. i had a quick chat on his website and i was later contacted by him via email:Okitilovespelltemple@gmail.com afterwards i prefer talking to him on whatsapp with his number: +2348140757352 . he gave me some chants to clear my innerself, i was suprised he did a free reading on me! after a quick ceremony, i got him (my ex) knocking on my door. i never knew he would come back to me, he left me for a lady(Mae jordan). she enchanted him, she said it to my face! dr Okiti helped me to remove the evil voodoo spell and helped correct him to be with me. i am glad i have my man back

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