Tukilämmitysjärjestelmillä potentiaalia päästöjen ja kustannusten vähentäjinä

Tukilämmitysjärjestelmien liittäminen pääjärjestelmän rinnalle tai tueksi on yksi lämmityksen tehostamistavoista. Useita lämmitystapoja yhdistelevien hybridiratkaisujen lisääntyminen on kuitenkin – perinteistä puutakkaa ja leivinuunia lukuun ottamatta – ollut kiistattomista hyödyistään huolimatta hidasta. BCDC Energia -hankkeessa tekemämme tutkimus lisää ymmärrystä siitä, miksi tukilämmityshankintoja ei aina tehdä, ja auttaa löytämään keinoja vaikuttaa järjestelmähankintojen yleistymiseen.

Tilojen ja käyttöveden lämmityksen osuus on yli 80 prosenttia asumisen energiankulutuksesta Suomessa. Yhdessä liikkumisen ja ruokailun kanssa lämmitys on asia, jossa yksittäisellä kuluttajalla on mahdollisuus tehdä merkittäviä energiaa säästäviä ja päästöjä pienentäviä valintoja. Tehokas ja toimiva lämmitys tuo käyttökustannussäästöjä kotitaloudelle. Myös kansantalous voi hyötyä tuontienergian tarpeen pienentyessä.

Selvitämme osana BCDC Energia -hankkeen tutkimusta omakotitalorakentajien tukilämmitysjärjestelmävalintoja. Analyysimme pohjautuu 432 omakotitalorakentajan vuosina 2012–2014 tekemiin lämmitysvalintoihin.

Erityisen huomiomme kohteena on neljä tukijärjestelmätyyppiä, joista ilmalämpöpumppu on 44:ssä, aurinkokeräin 20:ssa, vesitakka 14:ssä ja aurinkopaneeli neljässä kodissa. Tarkastelun ulkopuolelle olemme rajanneet muut takkaratkaisut ja leivinuunit, joista ainakin jompikumpi löytyy lähes 90 prosentilta aineistomme kotitalouksista.

Miksi kotitaloudet hankkivat tai jättävät hankkimatta järjestelmän?

Aineistomme perusteella taloudellisten hyötyjen vaikutus on hankintapäätöstä tehtäessä kiistaton. Suurempi säästöpotentiaali ja näin ollen lyhyempi takaisinmaksuaika lisäävät investointihalukkuutta. Esimerkiksi ilmalämpöpumppu hankitaan sähkölämmitysjärjestelmän tueksi erityisesti juuri käyttökustannussäästöjen vuoksi. Toisaalta tukilämmitysjärjestelmien investointikustannukset ovat osalle myös hankinnan este.

Talon sijaintiin liittyvät asiat näyttävät vaikuttavan niin ikään hankintapäätöstä tehtäessä. Lisäksi kotitalouskohtaisilla tekijöillä, kuten nuoremmalla iällä, on jonkin verran merkitystä. Ympäristötietoisuus lisää hankinnan todennäköisyyttä, mutta ei yksistään riitä selittämään ostopäätöstä. Järjestelmäkohtaisissa vaatimuksissa on myös eroja.

Päälämmitysjärjestelmän valinta vaikuttaa jo itsessään tukilämmityshankintoihin. Maalämpöpumpun hankkinut kotitalous investoi huomattavasti harvemmin ei-puupohjaisiin tukilämmitysjärjestelmiin. Osa kotitalouksista on myös sitä mieltä, että maalämpöpumppu yksistään on riittävä. Muun muassa Teknologian tutkimuskeskuksen (VTT) DESY-hankkeen tulokset kertovat kuitenkin, että maalämpöpumppu voisi hyötyä etenkin aurinkoenergiajärjestelmien hankinnasta.

Tietämys lisää positiivista suhtautumista

Kotitaloudet suhtautuvat pääosin myönteisesti useita lämmitysmuotoja hyödyntäviin hybridiratkaisuihin. Erityisen positiivisesti suhtaudutaan aurinkokeräimiin ja -paneeleihin. Järjestelmään liittyvän tietämyksen kasvaessa suhtautuminen muuttuu entistä positiivisemmaksi. Ostamisen harkinnassakin on eroja: osa kotitalouksista vaatii enemmän todisteita hyödyistä ja toimivuudesta ennen kuin edes harkitsevat järjestelmää.

Kotitaloudet saavat lämmitysjärjestelmätietoa useiden eri lähteiden kautta. Tietoa hankitaan sähköisistä kanavista, mutta vuorovaikutus tuttavien kanssa on myös yleistä. Uuden omakotitalon rakentamista suunnittelevat käyttävät aikaa keskusteluihin asiantuntijoiden kanssa, messuihin ja alan aineiston läpikäyntiin. Eri kanavien yhteys tukilämmityshankintapäätökseen vaihtelee. Eritoten henkilökohtaiset kohtaamiset selittävät ostopäätöksiä.

Niin lämmitysjärjestelmät kuin asuintalotkin poikkeavat toisistaan. Järjestelmää hankittaessa tulee ottaa huomioon asuinalueen mahdolliset – kylläkin jo laajalti helpottuneet – lupatarpeet, vaikutukset naapurustoon ja paikallinen tuotantopotentiaali.

Kotitalouksille on tärkeää tehdä tehokkaita, yhteensopivia ja taloudellisia päätöksiä. Yleisesti puolueettomalle ja kansantajuiselle informaatiolle on suuri tarve.

Kuva: iStock

 

Kirjoittajat: Jouni Räihä ja Enni Ruokamo, BCDC Markkinat -tiimi

jouni räihä, enni ruokamo, bcdc energia, oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulu, suomen ympäristökeskus, tukilämmitysjärjestelmät, lämmitys, omakotitaloJouni Räihä on tutkimusassistentti Oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulussa.
jouni.raiha(a)oulu.fi



 

 

jouni räihä, enni ruokamo, bcdc energia, oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulu, suomen ympäristökeskus, tukilämmitysjärjestelmät, lämmitys, omakotitaloEnni Ruokamo on tutkija, tutkijatohtori Oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulussa ja Suomen ympäristökeskuksessa.
enni.ruokamo(a)oulu.fi

 

 

 

Blogiartikkeli on julkaistu 26.8.2019 BCDC Energia -tutkimushankkeen verkkosivuilla.


 

 

Last updated: 2.9.2019

Comments

Am really grateful and thankful for what Dr kabaka has done for me with his herbs. I have be suffering from Genital herpes for good 5 years with no solution, the disease almost took my life and because I was unable to work and I was also loosing lots of money for medication, but one faithful day when I went online, I met lots of testimonies about this great man so I decided to give it a try and to God be the glory he did it. If you need his help or you also want to get cured just the way I got mine, He has cure for other deadly diseases like Herpes, Hiv/Aids, STD, Hepatitis, Cancer, you can also visit his website for further information www.drkabakasolutionhome.com

Its a great pleasure for me to write this testimony about how i got my Genital Herpes cured a month ago. i have been reading so many comments of some people who were cured from various diseases by Dr Aba but i never believed them. I was hurt and depressed so I was too curious .and wanted to try DR. Aba then i contacted him through his email, he assured me 100% that he will heal me, i pleaded with him to help me out. My experience with him was great, he healed me just as he promised. he sent me his medication and ask me to go for a medical check up after two weeks of usage. i agreed with him i took this medication and went for a check up, to my greatest surprise my result was negative, i am really happy that i am cured and healthy again. I have waited for 3weeks to be very sure i was completely healed before writing this testimony. I did another blood test one week ago and it was still Herpes negative. so i guess its time i recommend anyone going through the same way. reach him through his email address: dr.abaherbalhome@gmail.com OR call, add him on Whatsapp +2348107155060.  

I want to give a testimony on how I got cured from Herpes Virus. Few months back I was having some symptoms . I went to see a doctor and many blood tests was done on me, later on I was told I had Herpes. My doctor told me that there’s no cure for Herpes I felt bad, I went online searching for a possible cure for Herpes Virus, I saw a post of Dr.patrick a herbal doctor that’s helping people get cured from HIV, HEPATITIS B, CANCER e.t.c. I contacted him and told him how I’m feeling he said his herbal medicine can cure me. He sent me the medicine via UPS delivery service and I received the medicine some days after he sent it, i took the medicine as prescribed by him. Before the completion of the medication the symptoms stopped. I went to the doctor and carried out another blood test, surprisingly I was Negative. I haven’t had any symptoms anymore. Dr. patrick is great and you can contact via (dr.patrickherbalhome@gmail .com) or message him on via whatsApp at +2348055367947                  

Its a great pleasure for me to write this testimony about how i got my Genital Herpes cured a month ago. i have been reading so many comments of some people who were cured from various diseases by Dr Aba but i never believed them. I was hurt and depressed so I was too curious and wanted to try DR. Aba then i contacted him through his email, he assured me 100% that he will heal me, i pleaded with him to help me out. My experience with him was great, he healed me just as he promised. he sent me his medication and ask me to go for a medical check up after two weeks of usage. i agreed with him i took this medication and went for a check up, to my greatest surprise my result was negative, i am really happy that i am cured and healthy again. I have waited for 3weeks to be very .sure i was completely healed before writing this testimony. I did another blood test one week ago and it was still Herpes negative. so i guess its time i recommend anyone going through the same way. reach him through his email address: dr.abaherbalhome@gmail.com OR call, add him on Whatsapp +2348107155060  

I have been suffering from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) disease for the past one years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year,I had faith in God that i would be healed someday.This disease started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few weeks ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by this Man Dr patrick and she also gave the email address: dr.patrickherbalhome@gmail.com of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to Dr. patrick telling him about my (HERPES Virus) he told me not to worry that i was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me as the doctor assured me that i have cured,after some time i went to my doctor to confirmed if i have be finally healed behold it was TRUE, So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email:: dr.patrickherbalhome@mail.com or whatsApp his number on +2348055367947      

I’m so happy to testify of the good work of Dr. patrick I Suffer from Herpes virus since 20I’m so happy to testify of the good work of Dr. patrick I Suffer from Herpes virus since 2007 and i had frequent symptoms in my private area, after some time it will go away after using acyclovir drugs, then come back after some months. it was disheartening since i have been diagnosed, but after finding Dr. patrick and his reviews i was convinced that he will definitely cure me and so i contacted and he told me how to get his medicine and using it for just 14 days and i will go and check up and first i said how can that be possible but i used his herbal medicine after making purchase and truly i used it and went for the test again, and my result came back negative. so i made it a task to share this good testimony in the internet so that those sick can benefit and get cured. What app or call:+2348055367947  Email:dr. patrickherbalhome@gmail.com             

Glory be to the name of the Lord ( Jesus Christ), I'm from United States I want to thank the almighty God for using a herbalist man Doctor Ewan to cured my deadly disease ( HERPES) with his Herbal medicine. I have been suffering from HERPES for over 3 years now and I have went to several hospital to cure my HERPES, I always take treatment given to me in the hospital still yet no cure. I'm a Christian who always believed in God that one day he will surely hear me and answer my prayers . On a faithful day when I was searching on the internet how to get cured of (HERPES), I got a testimony from Clara Joel from United States telling everyone abomut a certain herbalist man Doctor Ewan herbal medicine that cured her HERPES and capable to cure any deadly diseases, I was scared because the doctor is from Nigeria and I contacted Clara Joel about my deadly disease which I have been suffering from for some years now and she encourage me and tell me to contact Doctor Ewan that his a great herbalist which God has sent to her and everyone of us. I have to give him a try, I contacted him and told him my problem which I'm facing because I open up to him and he told me what to do and I did exactly what he said and send him money in shipping the medicine back to me true EMS delivery. I received the herbs from the EMS office and I used it as doctor Ewan instructed me to. After some days of drinking the herbal medicine I feel changes in me, it's gonna like I'm getting different looking all over my body no longer feel any thing neither do I have HERPES, then I rushed down straight to the hospital to see the result that the doctor gave me and he was surprised that the deadly disease HERPES is no more in me. I'm so happy now that the Lord Jesus Christ has finally answer my prayers.if you having difficulties in your health contact him vial what's app +2348142763136 or email him drewanherbalhome@gmail.com,

It's been a while since I've written to thank Dr Maggi who helped me in my life. I was infected with HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS in 2016, i went to many hospitals for cure but there was no solution, so I was thinking how can I get a solution out so that my body can be okay. One day my Aunt Rosa introduce me to Dr Maggi having seen so many testimony online about his herbal medication to cure HERPES and gave me his email:drmaggieherbalhome82@gmail.com , so i mail him. He told me all the things I need to do and also give me instructions to follow, which I followed properly. Before I knew what is happening after one week the HERPES that was in my body got vanished. so if you are you are having herpes or any kind of disease listed below *DIABETES *CANCER *STROKE *INFERTILITY *HEART DISEASE *HIVAnd you also want cure, you can also email him at:drmaggieherbalhome82@gmail.com or through his WhatsApp +14097946086  

I have been suffering from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) disease for the past one years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year,I had faith in God that i would be healed someday.This disease started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few weeks ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by this Man Dr patrick and she also gave the email address: dr.patrickherbalhome@gmail.com of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to Dr. patrick telling him about my (HERPES Virus) he told me not to worry that i was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me as the doctor assured me that i have cured,after some time i went to my doctor to confirmed if i have be finally healed behold it was TRUE, So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email:: dr.patrickherbalhome@mail.com or whatsApp his number on +2348055367947      

I had my first outbreaks last year and i was tested for both HSV-1 and HSV-2 . Both my husband and i tested positive for HSV-1 but negative for HSV-2. Last year I found out my husband was cheating, so I decided to do a retest on all STDs including HSV-1 and HSV-2. Only difference is that this time i went to a different clinic. Anyway, I tested positive for HSV-1 which i knew i had but surprisingly HSV-2 as well. I was so upset and i got divorced with my husband. 4 months ago a friend recommended me to an African herbalist Dr Ajayi, I explained my problems to him and he encouraged me that i will be cured. I ordered for his herbal protocol and used it accordingly to his directions . I'm so relieved to say that I've not had even one outbreak and i was tested negative by my doctor. I'm feeling great from within. I truly endorse this product, it really works. You can contact him on email... ajayiherbalhome@gmail.com You can also call or write him on whatsapp +2348154724883...

I Want To Appreciate Dr. momoh for his great deeds, I Was Diagnosed With Herpes Virus Last 2018, And i Was Looking For Solution To Be Cured Luckily I Saw Testimonies On How Dr. momoh Cure Herpes Virus I Decided To Contact Dr. momoh I Contacted Him He Prepared A Herbal Medicine Portion And Sent It To Me,I Started The Herbal Medicine For My Health.He Gave Me Step By Step Instructions On How To Apply It, When I Applied It As Instructed, I Was Cured Of This Deadly Herpes Within 2 weeks, I Am Now Herpes Negative.My Brother And Sister I Know That There Are So Many People That Have The Same Herpes Virus Please contact Dr momoh To Help You Too, And Help Me To Thank Dr. momoh For Curing Me, I’m Cured By Dr. momoh Herbal Medicine, His Contact Email:(dr.momoh9@gmail.com) Or Cell Whatsapp Number  +234 708 372 4098   thank you so much DR.momoh. He can also cure other diseases/infections

Hello everyone, Words cannot describe how happy I am today after being cured from the herpes disease that I have been suffering from for over 4 years now. I was infected with herpes and I have been living in shame and hiding it, but it became worse that I was searching for a cure from different means until I met with a lady online who was testifying about this herbal doctor called Dr Salami. Who said she got her herpes disease cured with the use of Dr Salami herbal medicine. I never believed but I have to give it a try because I was desperately in need of a cure to the deadly disease that I have been living with. So i contacted him and we discussed how to get the cure and Dr Salami told me he cured with herbal medicine which i will order for and it will be delivered to me. Which I did what he wanted and to my greatest surprise the herbal medicine was delivered to me at my address which I gave to him, with instruction on how to apply it was also given to me by Dr Salami. Then I started to use the herbal medicine, so after four weeks of using the herbal medicine, I saw physical changes and went for a test at two separate hospitals and I was totally cured, i am here to say thanks to you again Dr Salami for saving me from the deadly herpes disease. Anyone with such disease can also contact Dr Salami through his EMAIL: dr.salamiherbalcenter180@gmail.com. You can also WHATSAPP him on +2347054895756. website: https://drsalamiherbalcent.wixsite.com/doctorsalami 

Natural herbs have cured so many illness that drugs and injection can’t cure. I've seen the great importance of natural herbs and the wonderful work they have done in people's lives. i read people's testimonies online on how they were cured of HERPES, HIV, diabetics etc by Dr Edes herbal medicine, so i decided to contact the doctor because i know nature has the power to heal anything. I was diagnosed with Herpes for the past 3 years but Dr Edes cured me with his herbs and i referred my aunt and her husband to him immediately because they were both suffering from Herpes but to God be the glory, they were cured too .I know is hard to believe but am a living testimony. There is no harm trying herbs, Thanks. Write him on WhatsApp on +2348151937428. @dr_edes_remedies deals with (1)Alzheimer virus (2)Cancer (3)HIV (4)Herpes (5)Genital warts (6)ALS (7)Virginal infection (8)HPV (9)Hepatitis (10)Asthma Email him on dredeshome@gmail.com https://dredesherbalhome.weebly.com/product-order.html https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCWhBHvtpo772EWAEdsFWmWQ

Its a great pleasure for me to write this testimony about how i got my Genital Herpes cured a month ago. i have been reading so many comments of some people who were cured from various diseases by Dr Aba but i never believed them. I was hurt and depressed so I was too curious and wanted to try DR. Aba then i contacted him through his email, he assured me 100% that he will heal me, i pleaded with him to help me out. My experience with him was great, he healed me just as he promised. he sent me his medication and ask me to go for a medical check up after two weeks of usage. i agreed with him i took this medication and went for a check up, to my greatest surprise my result was negative, i am really happy that i am cured and healthy again. I have waited for 3weeks to be very sure i was completely healed before writing this testimony. I did another blood test .one week ago and it was still Herpes negative. so i guess its time i recommend anyone going through the same way. reach him through his email address: dr.abaherbalhome@gmail.com OR call, add him on Whatsapp +2348107155060  

I was diagnosed of HERPES Virus in 2018 and I have tried all I can to get cured but all to no avail, until i saw a post in a health forum about a herbalist man who prepare herbal medication to cure all kind of diseases including HERPES virus, at first i doubted if it was real but decided to give it a try , when i contact this herbalist and he prepared a HERPES herbal cure and sent it to me via FEDEX delivery company service, when i received this herbal cure, he gave me step by directions on how to apply it, when i applied it as instructed, i was totally cured of this horrible disease within 14days of usage, i went to the hospital for a test and it was negative. I can tell to the public now that am now free from the horrible disease called herpes, all thanks to Dr.ASAKA that is why I want to leave his email address and What's app contact just if you want to contact him for help. you reach this great herbal doctor via his email on (drasakanaturalremedies@gmail.com)website on: https://drasakanaturalremediesherbalcure.wordpress.com/ One thing I like about Dr ASAKA is honesty. His very polite with his customers, everything he told me was what he did. His herbal medicine are very affordable, effective, confidential.

I am here to give my testimony about Dr Ebhota who helped me.. i want to inform the public how i was cured from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by salami, i visited different hospital but they gave me list of drugs like Famvir, Zovirax, and Valtrex which is very expensive to treat the symptoms and never cured me. I was browsing through the Internet searching for remedy on HERPES and i saw comment of people talking about how Dr Ehbota cured them. when i contacted him he gave me hope and send a Herbal medicine to me that i took for just 2 weeks and it seriously worked for me, my HERPES result came out negative. I am so happy as i am sharing this testimony. My advice to you all who thinks that there is no cure for herpes that is Not true just contact him and get cure from Dr Ebhota healing herbal cure of all kinds of sickness you may have like (1) CANCER,(2) DIABETES,(3) HIV&AIDS,(4) URINARY TRACT INFECTION,(5) CANCER,(6) IMPOTENCE,(7) BARENESS/INFERTILITY(8) DIARRHEA(9) ASTHMA(10)SIMPLEX HERPES AND GENITAL(11)COLD SOREHERPES. he also cure my friend from cervical cancer Email: drebhotasoultion@gmail.com or whatsapp him on +2348089535482

It's a miracle that I am alive today. I encountered HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS (HSV1/2) for four (4) years, six (6) months and twelve (12) days with my calculations, before I met the great Dr muthuka . I am from los angeles California, united state of America and I was affected with herpes virus. Herpes is a viral infection caused by the Herpes simplex virus, marked by painful, watery blisters in the skin or mucous membrane or on the genitals. This was what I suffered for four years. I have visited CVS Pharmacy in CA for treatment but no improvement. I met Dr muthuka online while I was searching for a herpes cure. I read a testimony about his work. I give a try that now becomes a testimony in my life. I contacted Dr muthuka WhatsApp +2349039175109 or E-mail: muthukaherbalhome@gmail.com His website https://drmuthukaherbalcenter.webs.com/,,,,,,

Its a great pleasure for me to write this testimony about how i got my Genital Herpes cured a month ago. i have been reading so many comments of some people who were cured from various diseases by Dr Aba but i never believed them. I was hurt and depressed so I was too curious and wanted to try DR. Aba then i contacted him through his email, he assured me 100% that he will heal me, i pleaded .with him to help me out. My experience with him was great, he healed me just as he promised. he sent me his medication and ask me to go for a medical check up after two weeks of usage. i agreed with him i took this medication and went for a check up, to my greatest surprise my result was negative, i am really happy that i am cured and healthy again. I have waited for 3weeks to be very sure i was completely healed before writing this testimony. I did another blood test one week ago and it was still Herpes negative. so i guess its time i recommend anyone going through the same way. reach him through his email address: dr.abaherbalhome@gmail.com OR call, add him on Whatsapp +2348107155060.  

Am here to appreciate Dr Aba for using his herbal medicine to cure my Herpes virus. since 3 years now I have been living with this virus and it has been giving me challenges, I was so perplexed cause i have been taking several drugs to be cured but all of my effort was in vain,one morning i was browsing through the internet then i saw several testimonies about Dr. Aba curing people from Herpes virus and immediately i contacted Dr. Aba on his email: dr.abaherbalhome@gmail.com, i told him about my troubles and he told me that i must be cured, gave me some instructions and which i rightly followed. so he prepared a herbal medicine for me and sent it to me which i used for 2 weeks and everything was like a dream to me. and my Herpes virus was totally gone, why don't you contact him today and be free from your diseases because he is very good and honest Doctor. contact him via email; dr.abaherbalhome@gmail.com or whatsApp him on +2348107155060.  

It's a miracle that I am alive today. I encountered HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS (HSV1/2) for four (4) years, six (6) months and twelve (12) days with my calculations, before I met the great Dr muthuka . I am from los angeles California, united state of America and I was affected with herpes virus. Herpes is a viral infection caused by the Herpes simplex virus, marked by painful, watery blisters in the skin or mucous membrane or on the genitals. This was what I suffered for four years. I have visited CVS Pharmacy in CA for treatment but no improvement. I met Dr muthuka online while I was searching for a herpes cure. I read a testimony about his work. I give a try that now becomes a testimony in my life. I contacted Dr muthuka WhatsApp +2349039175109 or E-mail: muthukaherbalhome@gmail.com His website https://drmuthukaherbalcenter.webs.com/,,,,,,

I Want To Appreciate Dr.Iyoha for his great deeds, I Was Diagnosed With Herpes Virus Last 2017, And i Was Looking For Solution To Be Cured Luckily I Saw Testimonies On How Dr.Iyoha Cure Herpes Virus I Decided To Contact Dr.Iyoha I Contacted Him He Prepared A Herbal Medicine Portion And Sent It To Me,I Started The Herbal Medicine For My Health.He Gave Me Step By Step Instructions On How To Apply It, When I Applied It As Instructed, I Was Cured Of This Deadly Herpes Within 2 weeks, I Am Now Herpes Negative.My Brother And Sister I Know That There Are So Many People That Have The Same Herpes Virus Please contact Dr Iyoha To Help You Too, And Help Me To Thank Dr.Iyoha For Curing Me, I’m Cured By Dr.Iyoha Herbal Medicine, His Contact Email: driyohasolutiontemple@yahoo.com Or call : +1 407 337 9869 .Thank you so much DR IYOHA . He can also cure other diseases/infections

I Want To Appreciate Dr.Iyoha for his great deeds, I Was Diagnosed With Herpes Virus Last 2017, And i Was Looking For Solution To Be Cured Luckily I Saw Testimonies On How Dr.Iyoha Cure Herpes Virus I Decided To Contact Dr.Iyoha I Contacted Him He Prepared A Herbal Medicine Portion And Sent It To Me,I Started The Herbal Medicine For My Health.He Gave Me Step By Step Instructions On How To Apply It, When I Applied It As Instructed, I Was Cured Of This Deadly Herpes Within 2 weeks, I Am Now Herpes Negative.My Brother And Sister I Know That There Are So Many People That Have The Same Herpes Virus Please contact Dr Iyoha To Help You Too, And Help Me To Thank Dr.Iyoha For Curing Me, I’m Cured By Dr.Iyoha Herbal Medicine, His Contact Email: driyohasolutiontemple@yahoo.com Or call : +1 407 337 9869 .Thank you so much DR IYOHA . He can also cure other diseases/infections

I Want To Appreciate Dr.Iyoha for his great deeds, I Was Diagnosed With Herpes Virus Last 2017, And i Was Looking For Solution To Be Cured Luckily I Saw Testimonies On How Dr.Iyoha Cure Herpes Virus I Decided To Contact Dr.Iyoha I Contacted Him He Prepared A Herbal Medicine Portion And Sent It To Me,I Started The Herbal Medicine For My Health.He Gave Me Step By Step Instructions On How To Apply It, When I Applied It As Instructed, I Was Cured Of This Deadly Herpes Within 2 weeks, I Am Now Herpes Negative.My Brother And Sister I Know That There Are So Many People That Have The Same Herpes Virus Please contact Dr Iyoha To Help You Too, And Help Me To Thank Dr.Iyoha For Curing Me, I’m Cured By Dr.Iyoha Herbal Medicine, His Contact Email: driyohasolutiontemple@yahoo.com Or call : +1 407 337 9869 .Thank you so much DR IYOHA . He can also cure other diseases/infections

Thanks to { dr.obho }  he is a great spell caster who brought my ex husband back I want to tell everyone about my meeting with ( dr.obhogreatspell@gmail.com) who  brought back my ex lover within the  period of 2days... At thesdr.obhogreatspell@gmail.com e  moment i don't have anything to say than to appreciate the good works of dr.obho, who you can simply reach through this email address: ( dr.obhogreatspell@gmail.com ) {1 } He has herbs to cure HIV cancer, kidney .{2 } He fixes broken relationships, marriages.{3 } He cures madness/stress/addictions/long illnesses.{4 } He has mixtures of herbs for sexual weakness.{5} He has herbs to prevent you and your family from coronavirus {6} He can make you rich and famous  Once again contact this email ..........   dr.obhogreatspell@gmail.com   You can also reach me through this number for confirmation +393511766423

Thanks to { dr.obho }  he is a great spell caster who brought my ex husband back I want to tell everyone about my meeting with ( dr.obhogreatspell@gmail.com) who  brought back my ex lover within the  period of 2days... At thesdr.obhogreatspell@gmail.com e  moment i don't have anything to say than to appreciate the good works of dr.obho, who you can simply reach through this email address: ( dr.obhogreatspell@gmail.com ) {1 } He has herbs to cure HIV cancer, kidney .{2 } He fixes broken relationships, marriages.{3 } He cures madness/stress/addictions/long illnesses.{4 } He has mixtures of herbs for sexual weakness.{5} He has herbs to prevent you and your family from coronavirus {6} He can make you rich and famous  Once again contact this email ..........   dr.obhogreatspell@gmail.com   You can also reach me through this number for confirmation +393511766423

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I was diagnosed of HERPES Virus in 2018 and I have tried all I can to get cured but all to no avail, until i saw a post in a health forum about a herbalist man who prepare herbal medication to cure all kind of diseases including HERPES virus, at first i doubted if it was real but decided to give it a try , when i contact this herbalist and he prepared a HERPES herbal cure and sent it to me via FEDEX delivery company service, when i received this herbal cure, he gave me step by directions on how to apply it, when i applied it as instructed, i was totally cured of this horrible disease within 14days of usage, i went to the hospital for a test and it was negative. I can tell to the public now that am now free from the horrible disease called herpes, all thanks to Dr.ASAKA that is why I want to leave his email address and What's app contact just if you want to contact him for help. you reach this great herbal doctor via his email on (drasakanaturalremedies@gmail.com)website on: https://drasakanaturalremediesherbalcure.wordpress.com/  One thing I like about Dr ASAKA is honesty. His very polite with his customers, everything he told me was what he did. His herbal medicine are very affordable, effective, confidential.

Hello Am From The UK , I want to write a little testimony about the good work of doctor Oyagu who cured me from Hsv 1 and 2 for just 2 weeks with his herbal medicine, I never believe I can be normal again and have a good life like others I always regretted the day I got diagnose with the virus, I was lost of hope when my doctor told me there is no cure for it but I keep thinking and thinking about my future, if I can have kids of my own well I am so grateful for my helper who get me cured with his herbal medicine, I go online in search of anything that can help me because I can’t deal with it forever so I found this doc Oyagu email on a blog of someone who was cured by him I quickly contact him for help and explain all my pain to him, he told me not to worry about it there is cure for real, I never believe until he send me the herbal medicine when I order for it and I have it within 4 days that is how I took the medicine for 2 week and the following week I go for test just to confirm I was 100% cured from this sickness what a miracle in my life I am so happy right now, you can also get in contact with him if you have such sickness through email address oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or text him on what's app, phone number +2348101755322 or visit his website https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome Dr Oyagu also has remedy to others disease like COLD SORES,HIV/AIDS,DIABETES.CANCER,HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND MANY MORE. I oblige everyone to contact this powerful herbalist Dr Oyagu and be free from suffering.

Hello Am From The UK , I want to write a little testimony about the good work of doctor Oyagu who cured me from Hsv 1 and 2 for just 2 weeks with his herbal medicine, I never believe I can be normal again and have a good life like others I always regretted the day I got diagnose with the virus, I was lost of hope when my doctor told me there is no cure for it but I keep thinking and thinking about my future, if I can have kids of my own well I am so grateful for my helper who get me cured with his herbal medicine, I go online in search of anything that can help me because I can’t deal with it forever so I found this doc Oyagu email on a blog of someone who was cured by him I quickly contact him for help and explain all my pain to him, he told me not to worry about it there is cure for real, I never believe until he send me the herbal medicine when I order for it and I have it within 4 days that is how I took the medicine for 2 week and the following week I go for test just to confirm I was 100% cured from this sickness what a miracle in my life I am so happy right now, you can also get in contact with him if you have such sickness through email address oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or text him on what's app, phone number +2348101755322 or visit his website https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome Dr Oyagu also has remedy to others disease like COLD SORES,HIV/AIDS,DIABETES.CANCER,HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND MANY MORE. I oblige everyone to contact this powerful herbalist Dr Oyagu and be free from suffering.

Hello Am From The UK , I want to write a little testimony about the good work of doctor Oyagu who cured me from Hsv 1 and 2 for just 2 weeks with his herbal medicine, I never believe I can be normal again and have a good life like others I always regretted the day I got diagnose with the virus, I was lost of hope when my doctor told me there is no cure for it but I keep thinking and thinking about my future, if I can have kids of my own well I am so grateful for my helper who get me cured with his herbal medicine, I go online in search of anything that can help me because I can’t deal with it forever so I found this doc Oyagu email on a blog of someone who was cured by him I quickly contact him for help and explain all my pain to him, he told me not to worry about it there is cure for real, I never believe until he send me the herbal medicine when I order for it and I have it within 4 days that is how I took the medicine for 2 week and the following week I go for test just to confirm I was 100% cured from this sickness what a miracle in my life I am so happy right now, you can also get in contact with him if you have such sickness through email address oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or text him on what's app, phone number +2348101755322 or visit his website https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome Dr Oyagu also has remedy to others disease like COLD SORES,HIV/AIDS,DIABETES.CANCER,HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND MANY MORE. I oblige everyone to contact this powerful herbalist Dr Oyagu and be free from suffering.

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