Tukilämmitysjärjestelmillä potentiaalia päästöjen ja kustannusten vähentäjinä

Tukilämmitysjärjestelmien liittäminen pääjärjestelmän rinnalle tai tueksi on yksi lämmityksen tehostamistavoista. Useita lämmitystapoja yhdistelevien hybridiratkaisujen lisääntyminen on kuitenkin – perinteistä puutakkaa ja leivinuunia lukuun ottamatta – ollut kiistattomista hyödyistään huolimatta hidasta. BCDC Energia -hankkeessa tekemämme tutkimus lisää ymmärrystä siitä, miksi tukilämmityshankintoja ei aina tehdä, ja auttaa löytämään keinoja vaikuttaa järjestelmähankintojen yleistymiseen.

Tilojen ja käyttöveden lämmityksen osuus on yli 80 prosenttia asumisen energiankulutuksesta Suomessa. Yhdessä liikkumisen ja ruokailun kanssa lämmitys on asia, jossa yksittäisellä kuluttajalla on mahdollisuus tehdä merkittäviä energiaa säästäviä ja päästöjä pienentäviä valintoja. Tehokas ja toimiva lämmitys tuo käyttökustannussäästöjä kotitaloudelle. Myös kansantalous voi hyötyä tuontienergian tarpeen pienentyessä.

Selvitämme osana BCDC Energia -hankkeen tutkimusta omakotitalorakentajien tukilämmitysjärjestelmävalintoja. Analyysimme pohjautuu 432 omakotitalorakentajan vuosina 2012–2014 tekemiin lämmitysvalintoihin.

Erityisen huomiomme kohteena on neljä tukijärjestelmätyyppiä, joista ilmalämpöpumppu on 44:ssä, aurinkokeräin 20:ssa, vesitakka 14:ssä ja aurinkopaneeli neljässä kodissa. Tarkastelun ulkopuolelle olemme rajanneet muut takkaratkaisut ja leivinuunit, joista ainakin jompikumpi löytyy lähes 90 prosentilta aineistomme kotitalouksista.

Miksi kotitaloudet hankkivat tai jättävät hankkimatta järjestelmän?

Aineistomme perusteella taloudellisten hyötyjen vaikutus on hankintapäätöstä tehtäessä kiistaton. Suurempi säästöpotentiaali ja näin ollen lyhyempi takaisinmaksuaika lisäävät investointihalukkuutta. Esimerkiksi ilmalämpöpumppu hankitaan sähkölämmitysjärjestelmän tueksi erityisesti juuri käyttökustannussäästöjen vuoksi. Toisaalta tukilämmitysjärjestelmien investointikustannukset ovat osalle myös hankinnan este.

Talon sijaintiin liittyvät asiat näyttävät vaikuttavan niin ikään hankintapäätöstä tehtäessä. Lisäksi kotitalouskohtaisilla tekijöillä, kuten nuoremmalla iällä, on jonkin verran merkitystä. Ympäristötietoisuus lisää hankinnan todennäköisyyttä, mutta ei yksistään riitä selittämään ostopäätöstä. Järjestelmäkohtaisissa vaatimuksissa on myös eroja.

Päälämmitysjärjestelmän valinta vaikuttaa jo itsessään tukilämmityshankintoihin. Maalämpöpumpun hankkinut kotitalous investoi huomattavasti harvemmin ei-puupohjaisiin tukilämmitysjärjestelmiin. Osa kotitalouksista on myös sitä mieltä, että maalämpöpumppu yksistään on riittävä. Muun muassa Teknologian tutkimuskeskuksen (VTT) DESY-hankkeen tulokset kertovat kuitenkin, että maalämpöpumppu voisi hyötyä etenkin aurinkoenergiajärjestelmien hankinnasta.

Tietämys lisää positiivista suhtautumista

Kotitaloudet suhtautuvat pääosin myönteisesti useita lämmitysmuotoja hyödyntäviin hybridiratkaisuihin. Erityisen positiivisesti suhtaudutaan aurinkokeräimiin ja -paneeleihin. Järjestelmään liittyvän tietämyksen kasvaessa suhtautuminen muuttuu entistä positiivisemmaksi. Ostamisen harkinnassakin on eroja: osa kotitalouksista vaatii enemmän todisteita hyödyistä ja toimivuudesta ennen kuin edes harkitsevat järjestelmää.

Kotitaloudet saavat lämmitysjärjestelmätietoa useiden eri lähteiden kautta. Tietoa hankitaan sähköisistä kanavista, mutta vuorovaikutus tuttavien kanssa on myös yleistä. Uuden omakotitalon rakentamista suunnittelevat käyttävät aikaa keskusteluihin asiantuntijoiden kanssa, messuihin ja alan aineiston läpikäyntiin. Eri kanavien yhteys tukilämmityshankintapäätökseen vaihtelee. Eritoten henkilökohtaiset kohtaamiset selittävät ostopäätöksiä.

Niin lämmitysjärjestelmät kuin asuintalotkin poikkeavat toisistaan. Järjestelmää hankittaessa tulee ottaa huomioon asuinalueen mahdolliset – kylläkin jo laajalti helpottuneet – lupatarpeet, vaikutukset naapurustoon ja paikallinen tuotantopotentiaali.

Kotitalouksille on tärkeää tehdä tehokkaita, yhteensopivia ja taloudellisia päätöksiä. Yleisesti puolueettomalle ja kansantajuiselle informaatiolle on suuri tarve.

Kuva: iStock

 

Kirjoittajat: Jouni Räihä ja Enni Ruokamo, BCDC Markkinat -tiimi

jouni räihä, enni ruokamo, bcdc energia, oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulu, suomen ympäristökeskus, tukilämmitysjärjestelmät, lämmitys, omakotitaloJouni Räihä on tutkimusassistentti Oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulussa.
jouni.raiha(a)oulu.fi



 

 

jouni räihä, enni ruokamo, bcdc energia, oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulu, suomen ympäristökeskus, tukilämmitysjärjestelmät, lämmitys, omakotitaloEnni Ruokamo on tutkija, tutkijatohtori Oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulussa ja Suomen ympäristökeskuksessa.
enni.ruokamo(a)oulu.fi

 

 

 

Blogiartikkeli on julkaistu 26.8.2019 BCDC Energia -tutkimushankkeen verkkosivuilla.


 

 

Last updated: 2.9.2019

Comments

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I appreciate the wonderful work done in taking the shame away from my life, for more than 5 years i have been terrible infected with HIV/AIDS this devious disease was so bad that it made me inability to do what i was ought to be doing as an individual, i visited several places all told me that i can’t be cured, but i believed that one day i will regain my life back to it normal state, one certain afternoon i was checking a report on the web then i came across some post of so many people talking about doctor Vincent on how he has cured all manners of diseases, such as HIV/AIDS and so many more, i contacted him on his email and then i spoke with him on the phone and he assured me that he will make sure that i am totally cured that i shouldn’t worry that all is going to be fine, he told me what was needed to buy and that was it,two days later Dr Vincent sent me some herbal medicine and when i received it and used it in 2 weeks and 4 days i was totally cured, all thanks to Dr Vincent you can contact him through his email at dr.vincentherbalhome6@gmail.com  or you can what'sapp his mobile number +2349159559277    

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DR OYAGU herbal medicine is a good remedy for herpes simplex virus cure. My name is MIGNON WRIGHT , am from USA,I am here to give my testimony about DR OYAGU who helped me in my life, i want to inform the public how i was cured from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by DR OYAGU, i visited different hospital but they gave me list of drugs like Familiar, Zovirax, and Valtrex which is very expensive to treat the symptoms and never cured me. I was browsing through the Internet searching for remedy on HERPES and i saw comment of people talking about how DR OYAGU cured them, when i contacted him he gave me hope and send a Herbal medicine to me that i took and it seriously worked for me, am a free person now without any problem, my HERPES result came out negative, I pray to God to never let me and my family forget you in our life, am now cured permanently, you can also get your self cured my friends if you really need this doctor help, you can reach him on his website ;https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome Email: oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or via whatsapp +2348101755322

I was married for 16 years to a loving mother and wife. We had 2 children together who are now 11 & 13. I reconnected with an old girlfriend from college on Facebook and we began an affair and I left my wife. The woman I had an affair with is a wonderful woman and I love her too and our kids had begun accepting the situation and my wife has kind of moved on, but not in love with the man she is seeing. I thought I fell out of love with my wife and I felt terrible about what I did to her - she is a good woman and I don't know what came over me. I decided to try and get her back and I was recommended to Lord Zakuza for help to get reunited with my wife and within 48 hours after I made contact with Lord Zakuza my wife decided to work things out with me and now we are back together with our children living as one happy family. I really don't know the words to use in appreciation of what Lord Zakuza did for me but I will say thank you sir for reuniting I and my family back. For those in trying times with their marriages or relationship can WhatsApp Lord Zakuza for help with this number +1 740 573 9483 or you can send him an email to Lordzakuza7@gmail.com

I want to share to the world how Dr Maggi helped me cure my Herpes with his herbs i never believe it will work because i was introduce to him by my friend who was cure of herpes by Dr Maggi, so i will tell you all who is looking for a cure to their herpes, he took research before he could finally get the solution to it. thank God today am a beneficiary to these cure and i went back to the hospital after 7days of taking the herbs and i was tested negative, and he also cure any kind of  cancer without any surgery and he heal with natural herb. please i urge you to contact him now through his email address: drmaggiherbalhome@gmail.com or call/whatsApp him on +19179796387

Hello everyone i am Jaime Pena   from USA  but live in the united states of America   i want to tell the whole world of great  Dr Harry herbal mixture i was unhappy ever since my girlfriend back then in college mocked me of having a small penis and weak in bed ,ever since then i have been trying to improve my sex life but all effort failed ..but it got worse when i got married ,my wife is so angry with me and Threatened to leave me if i do not find a way and i love my wife so much so one faithful day i was reading some comments on a blog then i saw a comment of one Mr Tom Sullivan new Orleans testifying of how Dr Harry helped him enlarge his penis and Fertilise his sperm count so i quickly contacted him by his website link https://drharryherbaltempl.wixsite.com/solutiontemple   and he got back to me and i did as he said,To my greatest surprise i got 10 inches within two  weeks of using his herbal medicine and now its just 3 weeks i am having 11 inches i am so happy now..my wife told me am so good in bed that i almost killed her last night all thanks to him so if you need his help contact him on his email drharrysolution@gmail.com   website link https://drharryherbaltempl.wixsite.com/solutiontemple    or whatsapp him on +2349036417079  thanks              

Greatest thanks to Dr Iyoha for his herbal drugs that he prepared for me and when I start using it in just 2weeks I was completely cured and that ended my HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 DISEASE i am so happy and grateful to Dr Iyoha . after reading about him on a testimony of Jordan Bill on a blogger. I knew suddenly Dr Iyoha was the right Doctor to cure my HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 DISEASE. I discuss with Dr Iyoha and he prepared a herbal medicine for me and when it got sent to me in Korean . I used the herbal medicine and 2weeks and i went to check up again. after 15years of suffering from HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 at last i am smiling once again. Dr Iyoha also has remedy to others disease like COLD SORES,HIV/AIDS,DIABETES.CANCER,HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND MANY MORE. I oblige everyone to contact this powerful herbalist Dr Iyoha and be free from your suffering. Call: +1 407 337 9869 or Email: driyohasolutiontemple@yahoo.com

I was cured of HERPES with the used of natural herbs. My name is  Alvina Bahe 34-yrs old Woman from the USA. I love herbs so much. Most times, injection and drugs are just a waste of time. I was cured 4months ago, I suffered from HERPES for yrs but with the help of Dr Uromi  herbal medicine, I was cured within few weeks of drinking the herbs he sent to me through courier delivery service. This same doctor also cured my Aunty of herpes, as soon as I heard she had herpes, I quickly refer her to Dr Uromi and she was cured too after drinking his herbs. I have referred more than 15 persons to Dr Uromi and they were all cured of their various illnesses. Have you taken herbs before?. You have spent so much money on drugs, injections, surgeries, etc and yet you have no good result to show for it. Contact Dr Uromi now, he is a herbalist doctor, I assured you of a cure if you drink his natural herbs. Dr Uromi has herbs that cure HIV, Herpes, diabetics, asthma, hepatitis, HBP, STD, cancer, chronic, etc. He is also a spell caster, he can cast a spell to bring back your EX lover. Contact Dr. Uromi through his WHATSAPP +2349021374574 OR EMAIL druromiherbalhome@gmail.com   . Share the good news. Thank you

It's been a while since I've written to thank Dr Maggi who helped me in my life. I was infected with HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS in 2016, i went to many hospitals for cure but there was no solution, so I was thinking how can I get a solution out so that my body can be okay. One day my Aunt Rosa introduce me to Dr Maggi having seen so many testimony online about his herbal medication to cure HERPES and gave me his email:drmaggieherbalhome82@gmail.com , so i mail him. He told me all the things I need to do and also give me instructions to follow, which I followed properly. Before I knew what is happening after one week the HERPES that was in my body got vanished. so if you are you are having herpes or any kind of disease listed below *DIABETES *CANCER *STROKE *INFERTILITY *HEART DISEASE *HIVAnd you also want cure, you can also email him at:drmaggieherbalhome82@gmail.com or through his WhatsApp +14097946086 

Must read! I'm from US taxes, for a year now i have been living with this virus called HERPES VIRUS and i have been taking some medications from my Doctor and there was no improvement, All thanks to God almighty for using Dr Aza for curing my Herpes Virus with the help of his powerful root and herbs...Well i do not have much to say, with all my life i will for ever be grateful to him and God Almighty for using Dr Aza to reach me when i thought it is all over, today i am now happy after the medical doctor have confirmed my status Negative, i have never in my life believed that HERPES could be cure by any herbal medicine. so i want to use this medium to reach other persons who is suffering from any deadly disease or herpesvirus you can contact Dr Aza on his email, drazaherbalcenter@gmail.com  or call/whatsapp +1(315)7951518 Thanks.

It’s obvious some patients with HIV/CANCER are being enslaved to the antiviral and other supplementary Orthodox medicine just to help suppress the virus and not a cure. I have been with the virus since 2012 until I was introduced by a blogger who also narrated Her story online on how she was cured of Genital Herpes after using Dr Oko Herbal Medicine. This is a year and 2 weeks since I was delivered from HIV. All thanks to God for using this Great herbalist to heal me. I have promised to keep telling good things about this. Please feel free to share Your problems with him and don’t forget to tell him I did refer you to Him. Thanks. Write him on mail drofenmu@gmail.com  or WhatsApp him on +2347063982352  https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMDXYGDNCyWnKpec_agGdWg/featured?view_as=subscriber  

It’s obvious some patients with HIV/CANCER are being enslaved to the antiviral and other supplementary Orthodox medicine just to help suppress the virus and not a cure. I have been with the virus since 2012 until I was introduced by a blogger who also narrated Her story online on how she was cured of Genital Herpes after using Dr Oko Herbal Medicine. This is a year and 2 weeks since I was delivered from HIV. All thanks to God for using this Great herbalist to heal me. I have promised to keep telling good things about this. Please feel free to share Your problems with him and don’t forget to tell him I did refer you to Him. Thanks. Write him on mail drofenmu@gmail.com  or WhatsApp him on +2347063982352  https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMDXYGDNCyWnKpec_agGdWg/featured?view_as=subscriber  

I was married for 16 years to a loving mother and wife. We had 2 children together who are now 11 & 13. I reconnected with an old girlfriend from college on Facebook and we began an affair and I left my wife. The woman I had an affair with is a wonderful woman and I love her too and our kids had begun accepting the situation and my wife has kind of moved on, but not in love with the man she is seeing. I thought I fell out of love with my wife and I felt terrible about what I did to her - she is a good woman and I don't know what came over me. I decided to try and get her back and I was recommended to Lord Zakuza for help to get reunited with my wife and within 48 hours after I made contact with Lord Zakuza my wife decided to work things out with me and now we are back together with our children living as one happy family. I really don't know the words to use in appreciation of what Lord Zakuza did for me but I will say thank you sir for reuniting I and my family back. For those in trying times with their marriages or relationship can WhatsApp Lord Zakuza for help with this number +1 740 573 9483 or you can send him an email to Lordzakuza7@gmail.com

I Am here to testify the miraculous work of a great traditional doctor called Dr Ayuko ..I have been suffering from Herpes Simplex virus for the past 3 months  but today I am happy that am cure from it with the herbal medicine made by Dr Ayuko  the great healer, I was browsing the internet searching for help when I came across a testimony shared by someone on how Dr Ayuko cure her from Herpes Simplex virus Disease. I quickly contacted him to get the cure and today i am now free from the Virus, I am so much happy today that we have someone like this great healer out there, so' people out there kindly contact this great doctor on his email address please sir keep your good work cause there are people out there who is in need of your healing medicine .once more contact him now drayukohome@gmail.com Dr  Ayuko can prepare Herbal medicine for all kind of disease. CANCER. HEPATITIS B .DIABETES. COLD SORES. Syphilis. HBV, HPV, STD's And many more. contact Dr Ayuko to get your CURED Email : drayukohome@gmail.com CONTACT WHATSAPP +2347031524375  His website https://drayukohome.jimdosite.com

DR OYAGU herbal medicine is a good remedy for herpes simplex virus cure. My name is MIGNON WRIGHT , am from USA,I am here to give my testimony about DR OYAGU who helped me in my life, i want to inform the public how i was cured from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by DR OYAGU, i visited different hospital but they gave me list of drugs like Familiar, Zovirax, and Valtrex which is very expensive to treat the symptoms and never cured me. I was browsing through the Internet searching for remedy on HERPES and i saw comment of people talking about how DR OYAGU cured them, when i contacted him he gave me hope and send a Herbal medicine to me that i took and it seriously worked for me, am a free person now without any problem, my HERPES result came out negative, I pray to God to never let me and my family forget you in our life, am now cured permanently, you can also get your self cured my friends if you really need this doctor help, you can reach him on his website ;https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome Email: oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or via whatsapp +2348101755322

I’m indeed very happy for the great help that Dr. Oyagu rendered to me, I am here to give my testimony about a doctor who helped me in my life. I and my wife was infected with HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS last 2 years ago, we went to many hospitals for cure but there was no solution, on till one faithful day , we saw a blog whereby Dr. Oyagu cured a woman who also had herpes affection, we (Me and My wife) decided to contact him which we did, he asked us to buy some items, unfailingly we sent him the money he will need in buying the items required , He get all the items needed for the herbs. He asked me to go for check-up after 2 weeks , Luckily for me we were tested herpes negative, now I believe all these Testimonies about him on the internet, he is truly a great man, if you are going through the same problem and you need help you can contact the great Herbalist oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or whatsapp him on +2348101755322 more info on this visit his website ;https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome.

i want to share my wonderful testimony on how i got back the love of my life.he left me to another woman for no reason and i try to make things work for both of us,yet things where getting worse. I was almost losing hope in life when my lover of 4 years ended our relationship without any reason and I went for help in the internet and all I met was fake spell casters and scams and I consulted an old friend of mine and explain my situation to her and she said she was in same situation 2weeks back but a wonderful man who was sent to help people helped him out of the problem and I thought it was all a joke and I ask her if it was real and she said if it wasn’t real so how did her lover come back to her, then I decided to give Dr voodoo a try because I had nothing to loose in trying i met a testimony again share by Marina from Iceland on the internet talking about a powerful spell caster who brought his ex lover back within 48 hours and to my greatest surprise he also did it for me just as he did to my friend and Marina and others people. and i have a lot of people complaining of fake spell caster but this one i met was a real spell caster and genuine and there is nothing like been with the man you love from heart am so happy my love is back to me with the help of Dr voodoo. His contact details voodoospelltemple66@gmail.com or Add him on whatsApp +2348140120719

DR OYAGU herbal medicine is a good remedy for herpes simplex virus cure. My name is MIGNON WRIGHT , am from USA,I am here to give my testimony about DR OYAGU who helped me in my life, i want to inform the public how i was cured from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by DR OYAGU, i visited different hospital but they gave me list of drugs like Familiar, Zovirax, and Valtrex which is very expensive to treat the symptoms and never cured me. I was browsing through the Internet searching for remedy on HERPES and i saw comment of people talking about how DR OYAGU cured them, when i contacted him he gave me hope and send a Herbal medicine to me that i took and it seriously worked for me, am a free person now without any problem, my HERPES result came out negative, I pray to God to never let me and my family forget you in our life, am now cured permanently, you can also get your self cured my friends if you really need this doctor help, you can reach him on his website ;https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome Email: oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or via whatsapp +2348101755322

I actually was told otherwise, that the herpes can not be treated and that there is no way to make it go away once you have it. But I decided to do my own research and found out it is possible to fight it.. I got a lot of information about it here in forums and online,I got Dr Oje Abacha contact on a group were a man from Cordova was sharing his testimony of how he cured him of herpes so I decided to give him a try I emailed him through oje.herbalsolutioncentre@gmail.com . he called me to know if I actually wanted the cured after which the cure was sent to me few days later I was surprised when the same doctor who told me that I was diagnosed of herpes told me that I was completely free from herpes you can reach him through his email oje.herbalsolutioncentre@gmail.com . or through his WhatsApp +2348159734766 if you are diagnosed and also wanna be free from this deadly virus because he is really gonna be of help to you  Visit his website  https://ojeherbalsolutioncentre.wordpress.com.

Greatest thanks to Dr Iyoha for his herbal drugs that he prepared for me and when I start using it in just 2weeks I was completely cured and that ended my HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 DISEASE i am so happy and grateful to Dr Iyoha . after reading about him on a testimony of Jordan Bill on a blogger. I knew suddenly Dr Iyoha was the right Doctor to cure my HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 DISEASE. I discuss with Dr Iyoha and he prepared a herbal medicine for me and when it got sent to me in Korean . I used the herbal medicine and 2weeks and i went to check up again. after 15years of suffering from HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 at last i am smiling once again. Dr Iyoha also has remedy to others disease like COLD SORES,HIV/AIDS,DIABETES.CANCER,HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND MANY MORE. I oblige everyone to contact this powerful herbalist Dr Iyoha and be free from your suffering. Call: +1 407 337 9869 or Email: driyohasolutiontemple@yahoo.com

I want to use this opportunity to thank Dr Oyagu for the grate work he has done for me and my cousin sister, I was cured from herpes virus through his herbal remedy and my cousin sisters was also cured from Cancer. This is a grate testimony for what Dr Oyagu Has done for me and my entire generation. I’m giving this testimony so that those of you out there can contact him while he keeps saving my relatives. Send him a Dm and get a better health totally. Contact him via WhatsApp +2348101755322 or Email address:oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com you can also reach him on his website https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome

I'm 40 years old female I tested genital herpes (HSV1-2) positive in 2016. I was having bad outbreaks. EXTREMELY PAINFUL. I have try different kinds of drugs and treatment by the medical doctors all to know was avail. Six months ago I was desperately online searching for a helpful remedies for genital herpes (HSV1-2) cure, which I come across some helpful remedies on how Dr OYAGU have help so many people in curing genital herpes (HSV1-2) with the help of herbal treatment because I too believe there is someone somewhere in the world who can cure herpes completely. At of the past 2 months, however, I've been following his herpes protocol Via oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or +2348101755322 and it stopped all outbreaks completely! To my greatest surprise I was cured completely by following the protocol of his herbal medicine . Don't be discouraged by the medical doctors. There is a cure for HSV with the help of herbs and roots by a herbalist Dr call Dr OYAGU he is so kind and truthful with his herbal treatment, kindly contact him for more information Via oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or WhatsApp DR on +2348101755322 or visit his website https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome you will be lucky as I am today

I want to use this opportunity to thank Dr Oyagu for the grate work he has done for me and my cousin sister, I was cured from herpes virus through his herbal remedy and my cousin sisters was also cured from Cancer. This is a grate testimony for what Dr Oyagu Has done for me and my entire generation. I’m giving this testimony so that those of you out there can contact him while he keeps saving my relatives. Send him a Dm and get a better health totally. Contact him via WhatsApp +2348101755322 or Email address:oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com you can also reach him on his website https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome

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