Tukilämmitysjärjestelmillä potentiaalia päästöjen ja kustannusten vähentäjinä

Tukilämmitysjärjestelmien liittäminen pääjärjestelmän rinnalle tai tueksi on yksi lämmityksen tehostamistavoista. Useita lämmitystapoja yhdistelevien hybridiratkaisujen lisääntyminen on kuitenkin – perinteistä puutakkaa ja leivinuunia lukuun ottamatta – ollut kiistattomista hyödyistään huolimatta hidasta. BCDC Energia -hankkeessa tekemämme tutkimus lisää ymmärrystä siitä, miksi tukilämmityshankintoja ei aina tehdä, ja auttaa löytämään keinoja vaikuttaa järjestelmähankintojen yleistymiseen.

Tilojen ja käyttöveden lämmityksen osuus on yli 80 prosenttia asumisen energiankulutuksesta Suomessa. Yhdessä liikkumisen ja ruokailun kanssa lämmitys on asia, jossa yksittäisellä kuluttajalla on mahdollisuus tehdä merkittäviä energiaa säästäviä ja päästöjä pienentäviä valintoja. Tehokas ja toimiva lämmitys tuo käyttökustannussäästöjä kotitaloudelle. Myös kansantalous voi hyötyä tuontienergian tarpeen pienentyessä.

Selvitämme osana BCDC Energia -hankkeen tutkimusta omakotitalorakentajien tukilämmitysjärjestelmävalintoja. Analyysimme pohjautuu 432 omakotitalorakentajan vuosina 2012–2014 tekemiin lämmitysvalintoihin.

Erityisen huomiomme kohteena on neljä tukijärjestelmätyyppiä, joista ilmalämpöpumppu on 44:ssä, aurinkokeräin 20:ssa, vesitakka 14:ssä ja aurinkopaneeli neljässä kodissa. Tarkastelun ulkopuolelle olemme rajanneet muut takkaratkaisut ja leivinuunit, joista ainakin jompikumpi löytyy lähes 90 prosentilta aineistomme kotitalouksista.

Miksi kotitaloudet hankkivat tai jättävät hankkimatta järjestelmän?

Aineistomme perusteella taloudellisten hyötyjen vaikutus on hankintapäätöstä tehtäessä kiistaton. Suurempi säästöpotentiaali ja näin ollen lyhyempi takaisinmaksuaika lisäävät investointihalukkuutta. Esimerkiksi ilmalämpöpumppu hankitaan sähkölämmitysjärjestelmän tueksi erityisesti juuri käyttökustannussäästöjen vuoksi. Toisaalta tukilämmitysjärjestelmien investointikustannukset ovat osalle myös hankinnan este.

Talon sijaintiin liittyvät asiat näyttävät vaikuttavan niin ikään hankintapäätöstä tehtäessä. Lisäksi kotitalouskohtaisilla tekijöillä, kuten nuoremmalla iällä, on jonkin verran merkitystä. Ympäristötietoisuus lisää hankinnan todennäköisyyttä, mutta ei yksistään riitä selittämään ostopäätöstä. Järjestelmäkohtaisissa vaatimuksissa on myös eroja.

Päälämmitysjärjestelmän valinta vaikuttaa jo itsessään tukilämmityshankintoihin. Maalämpöpumpun hankkinut kotitalous investoi huomattavasti harvemmin ei-puupohjaisiin tukilämmitysjärjestelmiin. Osa kotitalouksista on myös sitä mieltä, että maalämpöpumppu yksistään on riittävä. Muun muassa Teknologian tutkimuskeskuksen (VTT) DESY-hankkeen tulokset kertovat kuitenkin, että maalämpöpumppu voisi hyötyä etenkin aurinkoenergiajärjestelmien hankinnasta.

Tietämys lisää positiivista suhtautumista

Kotitaloudet suhtautuvat pääosin myönteisesti useita lämmitysmuotoja hyödyntäviin hybridiratkaisuihin. Erityisen positiivisesti suhtaudutaan aurinkokeräimiin ja -paneeleihin. Järjestelmään liittyvän tietämyksen kasvaessa suhtautuminen muuttuu entistä positiivisemmaksi. Ostamisen harkinnassakin on eroja: osa kotitalouksista vaatii enemmän todisteita hyödyistä ja toimivuudesta ennen kuin edes harkitsevat järjestelmää.

Kotitaloudet saavat lämmitysjärjestelmätietoa useiden eri lähteiden kautta. Tietoa hankitaan sähköisistä kanavista, mutta vuorovaikutus tuttavien kanssa on myös yleistä. Uuden omakotitalon rakentamista suunnittelevat käyttävät aikaa keskusteluihin asiantuntijoiden kanssa, messuihin ja alan aineiston läpikäyntiin. Eri kanavien yhteys tukilämmityshankintapäätökseen vaihtelee. Eritoten henkilökohtaiset kohtaamiset selittävät ostopäätöksiä.

Niin lämmitysjärjestelmät kuin asuintalotkin poikkeavat toisistaan. Järjestelmää hankittaessa tulee ottaa huomioon asuinalueen mahdolliset – kylläkin jo laajalti helpottuneet – lupatarpeet, vaikutukset naapurustoon ja paikallinen tuotantopotentiaali.

Kotitalouksille on tärkeää tehdä tehokkaita, yhteensopivia ja taloudellisia päätöksiä. Yleisesti puolueettomalle ja kansantajuiselle informaatiolle on suuri tarve.

Kuva: iStock

 

Kirjoittajat: Jouni Räihä ja Enni Ruokamo, BCDC Markkinat -tiimi

jouni räihä, enni ruokamo, bcdc energia, oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulu, suomen ympäristökeskus, tukilämmitysjärjestelmät, lämmitys, omakotitaloJouni Räihä on tutkimusassistentti Oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulussa.
jouni.raiha(a)oulu.fi



 

 

jouni räihä, enni ruokamo, bcdc energia, oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulu, suomen ympäristökeskus, tukilämmitysjärjestelmät, lämmitys, omakotitaloEnni Ruokamo on tutkija, tutkijatohtori Oulun yliopiston kauppakorkeakoulussa ja Suomen ympäristökeskuksessa.
enni.ruokamo(a)oulu.fi

 

 

 

Blogiartikkeli on julkaistu 26.8.2019 BCDC Energia -tutkimushankkeen verkkosivuilla.


 

 

Last updated: 2.9.2019

Comments

I have been suffering from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) disease for the past one years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year,I had faith in God that i would be healed someday.This disease started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few weeks ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by this Man Dr patrick and she also gave the email address: dr.patrickherbalhome@gmail.com of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to Dr. patrick telling him about my (HERPES Virus) he told me not to worry that i was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me as the doctor assured me that i have cured,after some time i went to my doctor to confirmed if i have be finally healed behold it was TRUE, So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email:: dr.patrickherbalhome@mail.com or whatsApp his number on+2348055367947   

I’m so happy to testify of the good work of Dr. patrick I Suffer from Herpes virus since 2007 and i had frequent symptoms in my private area, after some time it will go away after using acyclovir drugs, then come back after some months. it was disheartening since i have been diagnosed, but after finding Dr. patrick and his reviews i was convinced that he will definitely cure me and so i contacted and he told me how to get his medicine and using it for just 14 days and i will go and check up and first i said how can that be possible but i used his herbal medicine after making purchase and truly i used it and went for the test again, and my result came back negative. so i made it a task to share this good testimony in the internet so that those sick can benefit and get cured. What app or call: +2348055367947      Email:dr. patrickherbalhome@gmail.com    

*Herpes is a serious and recurring disease which can't be cured through drugs or injections by the American doctors but the best way to deal with Herpes is by taking natural herbs medicine for it and is only few American doctors that know about this herbal medicine from Dr oliha.. I have read about Dr oliha the great herbalist doctor from African who can cure Herpeewith his powerful herbal medicine. for the people suffering from the following diseases Hiv, Herpes, Cancer, Als,Herpatitis, Diabetes, Hpv,Infections ETC should contact him for his herbal medicine because i am a living testimony and i was cured of Herpes. Although, i sent him what he requested and he sent me his medicine which i took for two weeks and today when i went for test i was tested Herpes negative and he can also cure herpes etc you can reach him through his WhatsApp number:+2349038382931 he will help you out or email oliha.miraclemedicine@gmail.com or https://olihamiraclemedicine.webs.com/ *

I was diagnosed with herpes 1&2 i have been dealing with the virus for over 3 years, and I recently got the cure with natural treatment. I read a testimony online about how he cure other people of their illness with herbal roots and herbs and i contacted him and gave him a try, after one month i got rid of herpes virus after taking dr excel natural medicine i will like to advice the world natural herbs is the best way to cure this mess called herpes. i sheared out my testimony to other patients who are suffering from herpes virus to get contact with excel, his email address.. excelherbalcure@gmail.com or Call him on +1 (859) 429 1007....his website https://excelherbalcure.com

Finally there is cure for herpes1&2 and Dr Osato herbal medicine is the cure for herpes1&2. I saw a post in a health forum from miss cherlyn solie on how she was cured from herpes with the use of Dr Osato herbs and she also wrote Dr Osato cure all kind of deadly diseases and virus including Herpes, HIV, ALS, HPV, HSV1&2, MND, Epilepsy, Vaginal Infection, Leukemia, Asthma, Cancer, Diabetes. At first i doubted if it was real but decided to give it a try because i was desperate to get cured from herpes and i contacted this herbal Doctor on email (osatoherbalcure@gmail.com) she provided on the comment and explain my problem to him and he told me that he is going to prepare a herbal medicine for me which he did and he sent it to me through UPS service, when i receive this herbal medicine, he gave me instructions on how to use it, after taken the medicine as instructed, i went for check up and the result was Negative and i went to two other clinic to retested and the result was still Negative and all the symptoms of herpes where gone from my body and my doctor confirm with me that am free from herpes , I am now free from Herpes. You can contact Dr Osato on his email: OSATOHERBALCURE@GMAIL.COM or you can call and Whatsapp him on +2347051705853 and through his Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Dr-Osato-Herbal-Cure-106002928040920. His website is https://osatoherbalcure.wordpress.com. All thanks to Dr Osato for what he has just done for me and i will continue to share this great testimony on every platform so we can join hands to eradicate these disease and virus out of this world.

I thought my life had nothing to offer anymore because life became meaningless to me because I had HERPES virus, the symptoms became very severe and bold and made my family run from me and abandoned me so they won't get infected. I gave up everything, my hope, dreams,vision and job because the doctor told me there's no cure. I consumed so many drugs but they never cured me but hid the symptoms inside me making it worse. I was doing some research online someday when I came across testimonies of some people of how Dr ebacol cured them from HERPES virus, I never believed at first and thought it was a joke but later decided to contact him on the details provided and when I messaged him we talked and he sent me his herbal medicine and told me to go for a test after two weeks. Within 9 days of medication the symptoms disappeared and when I went for a test Lo and behold I was NEGATIVE by the Doctor Who tested me earlier. Thank you Dr ebacol because I forever owe you my life and I'll keep on telling the world about you. If you are going through same situation worry no more and contact Dr ebacol on email   drebacolherbalhome1@gmail.com   or WhatsApp him via  +2348159042641    you can also check his website for more information         https://dr-ebacol-herbal-home.webnode.com/      

Hello everyone i was diagnose of herpes simplex virus for about 8months ,I’ve lost all hope and my doctor said there is no possible cure and I have been taken antiviral to sustain myself I have had several out break from the time I was diagnosed till I got to know about Dr.obudu through a friend who he cured of Herpes . I contacted him and he sent me his herbal remedy which I took as he directed me to do for some days and I went to the hospital after consuming his Herbal medicine and I was confirmed Herpes Negative after 8 months of pains and depression , it was indeed a miracle, Dr.Obudu is a great man, I have heard so much about how he has help lot of people, He also cure ALS, HEPATITIS B, CANCER, HERPES, DIABETES and lots more. if you have any issue you can contact him for help add him on whatsapp +2349023428871. or via email:Email drobuduherbalhome@gmail.com or vist his website https://drobuduherbalhome.wixsite.com/welcometoobuduherbal

I actually was told otherwise, that the herpes can not be treated and that there is no way to make it go away once you have it. But I decided to do my own research and found out it is possible to fight it.. I got a lot of information about it here in forums and online,I got Dr Oje Abacha contact on a group were a man from Cordova was sharing his testimony of how he cured him of herpes so I decided to give him a try I emailed him through oje.herbalsolutioncentre@gmail.com . he called me to know if I actually wanted the cured after which the cure was sent to me few days later I was surprised when the same doctor who told me that I was diagnosed of herpes told me that I was completely free from herpes you can reach him through his email oje.herbalsolutioncentre@gmail.com . or through his WhatsApp +2348159734766 if you are diagnosed and also wanna be free from this deadly virus because he is really gonna be of help to you  Visit his website  https://ojeherbalsolutioncentre.wordpress.com.

I really happy that i and my boyfriend are cured of (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) with the herbal medicine of Dr Aba , i have been suffering from this disease for the past 3 years without solution until i came across the email of this doctors who have cure so many people .with his herbal medicine, i also choose to give him a chance to help me and my boyfriend, he told me what to do and i kindly did it, and he gave us his herbal medicine and direct me on how to use it, i also follows his instruction for use and he ask us to go for a check up after 2 weeks and which i did, to my greatest surprise our result came out as negative, we are really happy that there is someone like this DR who is ready to help anytime any day. to all the readers and viewers that is doubting this testimony stop doubting it and contact this Dr and see if he will not actually help you. i am not a stupid woman that i will come out to the public and start saying what someone have not done for me. he is really a great man contact him now. with this email: dr.abaherbalhome@gmail.com you can call or WhatsApp his mobile number on .+2348107155060  

I really happy that i and my boyfriend are cured of (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) with the herbal medicine of Dr Aba , i have been suffering from this disease for the past 3 years without solution until i came across the email of this doctors who have cure so many people with his herbal medicine, i also choose to give him a chance to help me and my boyfriend, he told me what to do and i kindly did it, and he gave us his herbal medicine and direct me on how to use it, i also follows his instruction for use and he ask us to go for a check up after 2 weeks and which i did, to my greatest surprise our result came out as negative, we are really happy that there is someone like this DR who is ready to help anytime any day. to all the readers and viewers that is .doubting. this testimony stop doubting it and contact this Dr and see if he will not actually help you. i am not a stupid woman that i will come out to the public and start saying what someone have not done for me. he is really a great man contact him now. with this email: dr.abaherbalhome@gmail.com you can call or WhatsApp his mobile number on .+2348107155060.  

Its a great pleasure for me to write this testimony about how i got my Genital Herpes cured a month ago. i have been reading so many comments of some people who were cured from various diseases by Dr Aba but i never believed them. I was hurt and depressed so I was too curious and wanted to try DR. Aba then i contacted him through his email, he assured me 100% that he will heal me, i pleaded with him to help me out. My experience with him was great, he healed me just as he promised. he sent me his medication and ask me to go for a medical check up after two weeks of usage. i agreed with him i took this medication. and went for a check up, to my greatest surprise my result was negative, i am really happy that i am cured and healthy again. I have waited for 3weeks to be very sure i was completely healed before writing this testimony. I did another blood test one week ago and it was still Herpes negative. so i guess its time i recommend anyone going through the same way. reach him through his email address: dr.abaherbalhome@gmail.com OR call, add him on Whatsapp +2348107155060  

Its a great pleasure for me to write this testimony about how i got my Genital Herpes cured a month ago. i have been reading so many comments of some people who were cured from various diseases by Dr Aba but i never believed them. I was hurt and depressed. so I was too curious and wanted to try DR. Aba then i contacted him through his email, he assured me 100% that he will heal me, i pleaded with him to help me out. My experience with him was great, he healed me just as he promised. he sent me his medication and ask me to go for a medical check up after two weeks of usage. i agreed with him i took this medication and went for a check up, to my greatest surprise my result was negative, i am really happy that i am cured and healthy again. I have waited for 3weeks to be very sure i was completely healed before writing this testimony. I did another blood test one week ago and it was still Herpes negative. so i guess its time i recommend anyone going through the same way. reach him through his email address: dr.abaherbalhome@gmail.com OR call, add him on Whatsapp +2348107155060.  

I was suffering from a bunch of heart wrenching events, my life and relationship was a mess. I lost so many things within a year including my job and my pet dog, but the most of all was my husband. He has been the best thing that happened to me since when I knew him, I’m used to his lifestyle and I see him as my all and guiding angel, he is the only person that I could trust and even die for. I felt so lost when he decided to be apart, though I wasn’t surprised because he was already making out with his co-worker, so I was expecting anything. He left the house without any trace. I was worried and kept crying all night, I prayed and fast. It was 2 weeks after his disappearance that he called, told me to move on with my life. I was angry and ashamed of myself for having an unsuccessful relationship. The most annoying thing was that I was a month pregnant for him; I lost the baby because of emotional stress; (Things weren’t going well in my life and I realized I needed spiritual help. The help came immediately when I contacted Lord Erhun through this email: meetlorderhun@gmail.com and on whatsApp +2348181686060  It was like a miracle when the Lord Erhun brought him back within 2 days after the love spell was cast. He came back and apologized to me, he is now a changed man and Lord Erhun also helped to restore my dream job. Am so grateful to Lord Erhun for his kindness and I will keep spreading this good news. Email him through meetlorderhun@gmail.com and share your own testimony.  

Dr.Excel herbal medicine is a good remedy for Herpes, I was a carrier of Herpes before now it was hell living with it.  I saw testimony on how Dr. Excel cures Herpes. I decided to contact him and he guided me. I asked him for solutions and he started the remedies for my health. Thanks to God that now everything is fine, I'm cured by Dr.Excel herbal herbal cure I'm very thankful to him, reach him on excelherbalcure@gmail.com phone +1 (859) 429 1007 https://excelherbalcure.com

Dr.Excel herbal medicine is a good remedy for Herpes, I was a carrier of Herpes before now it was hell living with it.  I saw testimony on how Dr. Excel cures Herpes. I decided to contact him and he guided me. I asked him for solutions and he started the remedies for my health. Thanks to God that now everything is fine, I'm cured by Dr.Excel herbal herbal cure I'm very thankful to him, reach him on excelherbalcure@gmail.com phone +1 (859) 429 1007 https://excelherbalcure.com

The greatest Joy in my life today is that i have been cured of Herpes by a Doctor called Dr. Ishiaku, I was infected with HERPES Disease in 2019, i went to many hospitals for cure but there was no solution, so I was thinking how can I get a solution,so that my body can be okay. Until one faithful day as i was browsing on the internet I saw a testimony on how Dr. ishiaku has helped people in curing Herpes and other diseases, quickly copied his WhatsApp number so i contacted him for solution for my Herpes disease, So Dr. Ishiaku told me that his going to prepare his herbal medicine for my health which he sent to me, luckily after 2week my Herpes was cured. Dr Ishiaku is well recognize as one of the best herbalist doctor in Africa, you don't have to be sad anymore or cry anymore on this disease when the cure is available. The medicine has NO SIDE EFFECT,there's no special diet when taking the medicine. He also cure ALS, HIV AIDS, CANCER, HPV, DIABETES and lots more. For enquiries: E-mail: ishiakuherbalcure@gmail.com WhatsApp: +2348180828544 Website: https://www.ishiakuherbalcure.Wordpress.com

HELLO everyone! Still don’t know the right words to express my Gratitude to the Great DR.Imoudu After been diagnosed with the #herpes for the passed 1 years, i was given so many health prescription and advice with no improvement, I totally lost hope, until i found many testimonies of Great DR.Imoudu in an online research Like anybody would be, i advice anyone that is living with herpes can also contact him today, because he has the cure to any virus problem contact him on WhatsApp +2348109609753.. Or his Email: DR.IMOUDUHEALERTEMPLE@GMAIL. COM 1...ALS CURE/DIABETES CURE/EPILESY/HPV CURE/LOOSE WEIGHT AND BODY/EX-BACK/HEPATITIS/ THANK YOU DR.Imoudu FOR YOU GOOD WORK IN MY LIFE..

Its a great pleasure for me to write this testimony about how i got my Genital Herpes cured a month ago. i have been reading so many comments of some people who were cured from various diseases by Dr Aba but i never believed them. I was hurt and depressed so I was too curious and wanted to try DR. Aba then i contacted him through his email, he assured me 100% that he will heal me, i pleaded with him to help me out. My experience with him was great, he healed me just as he promised. he sent me his medication and ask me to go for a medical check up after two weeks of usage. i agreed with him i took this medication and went for a check up, to my greatest surprise my result was negative, i am really happy that i am cured .and healthy again. I have waited for 3weeks to be very sure i was completely healed before writing this testimony. I did another blood test one week ago and it was still Herpes negative. so i guess its time i recommend anyone going through the same way. reach him through his email address: dr.abaherbalhome@gmail.com OR call, add him on Whatsapp +2348107155060  

Hello everyone i am Douglas Depay from Canada i have been having sexual problems for 6 years now ...it all started when i was 15 years of age i thought the size of my penis was normal until i met my first girlfriend ISABELLA at 19 she complained of my penis size was too small that i was not satisfying her and she left me .i thought it was all a joke not until my second girlfriend and third girlfriend left with the same complain..it was then i realized i am in big mess and i had to do something fast i searched for my cure by going to HOSPITALS,used vaccines and even used herbal medicine but none of them worked for me ..i felt very depressed about that ..and now my wife threatened to leave me for the same reason imagine a man 39 years old having 2.5 inches flaccid and 3.5 inches when erected ..i was devastated with what my wife told me ....so luckily for me i had to open up to a friend about my situation and he laughed at me and said he have a powerful herbal doctor who can help me enlarge my penis and also told me how DR clement help him enlarge his penis and cure his wife fibroid,,i was amazed and quickly dr Clement and he got back to me and i did all he asked me then he sent me his MIRACULOUS HERBAL MIXTURE CREAM through UPS and i got 4 days later and i followed the all he instructed me just 4 days of using it i got extra 3 inches to my size and right now it been two weeks i used his medicine my penis is fully 10.5 inches and 8.5 girth..i was so surprised when i had sex with my wife and she was shouting as if she is saw a ghost and she was so happy with my penis size now and Apologized for threatening me with divorce and now i am in full control of my home i feel like a real man now all thanks to DR clement MIXTURE so if you need his help do not hesitate to email him now allmightbazulartemple@gmail.com or visit his websitehttp://allmightbazulartemple@gmai.wixt.com drobue or whatsapp him on +2347051758952 thanks

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Greetings to my distinguish guest,i am very glad to share my experience to everyone for the wonderful work done by the great Dr Tebor for curing my HERPES and HIV/AIDS DISEASE. i have been diagnosed of this disase for the past 4years and ever since my life has become a totally disaster i had done series of tests from several hospitals and many others but nothing did happened i wasn’t myself anymore until one fateful day when i came across so many testimonies about how doctor Tebor has cure several people from HERPES AND HIV/AIDS so i had to contact his email Teborherbalcenter@gmail.com when i contacted Dr Tebor he assured me he will prepare a powerful herbal medicine for me and within 3 weeks i will be totally cured,i believed in every of his instruction,and afterwards he prepared a herbal medicine for me and after i received it,i used it for 3 weeks just as he told me assured me after 3weeks of usage i was indeed cure of my HERPES and HIV/AIDS disease,i was tested and was confirmed negative thanks to DR Tebor for his help in my life, so you too can also receive this miraculous work by great Dr Tebor just contact him with a call or whatsapp him on his +2348106824976 or you can visit his website https:/teborherbalcanter.wordpress.com/

Can't even now accept that I got relieved from Genital Herpes through home grown treatment from Dr mukul who I met through the web, I really couldn't trust it from the start since it sounded difficult to me realizing how far I have gone just to dispose of it. Dr mukul send me his medication which I took as taught and here I am carrying on with a glad life indeed, a major gratitude to Dr mukul, I am certain there are numerous natural specialists out there yet Dr mukul did it for me. توفاسيتينيب 5 مجم(tofacent)

I’m so happy to testify of the good work of Dr. patrick I Suffer from Herpes virus since 2007 and i had frequent symptoms in my private area, after some time it will go away after using acyclovir drugs, then come back after some months. it was disheartening since i have been diagnosed, but after finding Dr. patrick and his reviews i was convinced that he will definitely cure me and so i contacted and he told me how to get his medicine and using it for just 14 days and i will go and check up and first i said how can that be possible but i used his herbal medicine after making purchase and truly i used it and went for the test again, and my result came back negative. so i made it a task to share this good testimony in the internet so that those sick can benefit and get cured. What app or call:+2348055367947 Email:dr. patrickherbalhome@gmail.com    

Good day everyone, i was on this page December when i was going through hard time in my marriage and was looking for help to resolve the issue in my home because my husband was asking for us to divorce after 10 years of marriage. I was lucky to meet Dr Ajayi online a powerful spiritual man who i discussed my problem with, he made me to understand that, they is nothing in life without a solution, he told me the necessary things to do and i did as directed, on the day third of the spell i started noticing improvement in my home and my husband has totally change to when we first met, he always look out for me now and has never said anything concerning the divorce again, I'm grateful Dr Ajayi you are the best. If you are experiencing difficult time in your relationship and want solution i recommend Dr Ajayi for you. Contact him on Whatsapp / Viber number : +2347084887094 or Email : drajayi1990@gmail.com

I still don’t know the right words to express my gratitude to this great man Dr. Uromi. After been diagnosed of HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS in 2months ago, i was given so many health prescription and advice with no improvement, I totally lost hope, until i found testimonies of Great Dr. Uromi online research and on Facebook, Like anybody would be, I was very skeptical about contacting him, but i later did and he opened up to me and told me what was involved and he started the remedies for my health. Thank God, I was cured from herpes by the herbal medication I received from him. I never thought that herpes can be cured, from the bottom of my heart I'm truly grateful,i pray you have long life so you can help many more people on earth with your herbal medical support, You can Email him via email Druromiherbalhome@gmail.com or for easy and fast communication you can also call or add him on whats-app with this mobile number +2349021374574 , one thing i love most about DR Uromi is honestly, and he is very polite with his patience, everything he told me was what he did, and his herbal medicine are very affordable..  

I have been suffering from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) disease for the past one years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year,I had faith in God that i would be healed someday.This disease started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few weeks ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by this Man Dr patrick and she also gave the email address: dr.patrickherbalhome@gmail.com of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to Dr. patrick telling him about my (HERPES Virus) he told me not to worry that i was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes, all over me as the doctor assured me that i have cured,after some time i went to my doctor, to confirmed, if i have be finally healed behold it was TRUE, So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email:: dr.patrickherbalhome@mail.com or whatsApp his number on +2348055367947            

I still don’t know the right words to express my gratitude to this great man Dr. Uromi. After been diagnosed of HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS in 2months ago, i was given so many health prescription and advice with no improvement, I totally lost hope, until i found testimonies of Great Dr. Uromi online research and on Facebook, Like anybody would be, I was very skeptical about contacting him, but i later did and he opened up to me and told me what was involved and he started the remedies for my health. Thank God, I was cured from herpes by the herbal medication I received from him. I never thought that herpes can be cured, from the bottom of my heart I'm truly grateful,i pray you have long life so you can help many more people on earth with your herbal medical support, You can Email him via email Druromiherbalhome@gmail.com or for easy and fast communication you can also call or add him on whats-app with this mobile number +2349021374574 , one thing i love most about DR Uromi is honestly, and he is very polite with his patience, everything he told me was what he did, and his herbal medicine are very affordable..  

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i want to tell the world about the great and mighty spell caster called Dr .osofo my husband was cheating on me and no longer committed to me and our kids when i asked him what the problem was he told me he has fell out of love for me and wanted a divorce i was so heart broken i cried all day and night but he left home i was looking for something online when i saw an article how the great and powerful Dr osofo have helped so many in similar situation like mine he email address was there so i sent him an email telling him about my problem he told me he shall return back to me within 48hrs i did everything he asked me to do the nest day to my greatest surprise my husband came back home and was crying and begging for me to forgive and accept him back he can  also  help you    contact   him  on Email ( osofo.48hoursolutioncenter@gmail.com )   whatsapp him +2349065749952  

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