Infrastructure - Process Metallurgy

Thermal analysis

  • Netzsch STA 449 F3 Jupiter. Simultaneous mass and modulated heat difference measurement with optional mass spectrometer gas analysis, modulated heating up to 2000°C temperature. The device was purchased in 2011.
  • Netzsch STA 409 PC Luxx and Netzsch QMS 403 C quadrupole mass spectrometer. Simultaneous mass and heat difference measurement with optional mass spectrometer gas analysis up to 1500°C temperature. The device was purchased in 2003.
  • TA Instruments SDT 2960. Simultaneous mass and temperature difference measurement up to 1500°C. Year 1996.
  • Optical dilatometer. Dimensional change measurement up to 1500°C temperature.
  • BW-tek voyage Confocal Raman in olympus BX51 microscope. QImaging MicroPublisher 3.3RTV camera. Raman spectrum and dimensional measurement with high temperature stage from linkam up to 1500°C.

Reduction metallurgy

  • TGA; Mass measurement in reducing atmosphere 1500°C
  • Blast furnace gas phase simulator with entech furnace. Mass measurement in reducing CO, CO2 ,N2 ,H2, H2O, K, S, atm 1800°C
  • Pellet furnace 1000/80 entech. Evolved Gas Analysis, CO, CO2, H2, H2O, measurement in reducing atmosphere 1300°C
  • High temperature viscometer; Rotational viscosity measurement 1700°C


Other High Temperature devices

  • Entech Thermal Gradient furnace 1800°C
  • Nabertherm Chamber furnace 150x150x300mm 1800°C
  • Pressure furnace 10 bar,1500°C
  • Microwave oven for reduction and agglomeration research
  • MW-HS-06 High temperature microwave reactor


Other devices and tools

  • Watermodels; The models visualize phenomenon taking place inside a converter and ladle like steel / slag flow and wearing of refractory materials.
  • Briquetting machine; Compacting fine metallurgical particles and re-feeding them back to process. Maximum pressure is 210 bar/briquette and vibration 60 Hz. Briquette size is 50mm in diameter and 100mm in height.
  • Inclusion electrolytic extraction; Potentiostat Biologic SP-150 and self-made cell is used in extraction. Inclusions is then studied separately with FESEM, particle size analyzer etc.
  • Termodynamic calculation programs; HSC, Chemsage and Fact Sage programs are for thermodynamic equilibrium calculations.
  • Microscopes; An Olympus polarizing microscope BX51P with micropublisher 5.0RTV camera and Olympus research stereomicroscope SZX9 with DP-12 camera. The microscopes were purchased in 2001.
  • Materialographic surface preparation of solid materials; Struers Epovac vacuum impregnation equipment. Grinding and polishing is done with Struers LaboForce-1 and LabPol-6. The ready samples go through ultrasonic cleaning before use. The devices were purchased in 2002.

Last updated: 28.10.2020