Diabetes and impaired glucose metabolism cause metabolic, neural and circulatory disturbances that may predispose to adverse cooling and related symptoms during the cold season. The study assessed the occurrence of cold-related cardiorespiratory symptoms in the general population according to a questionnaire targeted to ca. 5000 men and women aged 45-74 years in association with the national FINRISK studies. Glycaemic status was determined based on fasting blood glucose, oral glucose tolerance tests or reported diagnosis of diabetes.
The study showed that diabetes is related to higher occurrence of cardiorespiratory symptoms in the cold. These are reported increasingly with worsening glycaemic status. Overall, the higher occurrence of cold-related symptoms may either predict worsening of a diabetic condition in cold conditions or reveal individuals with impaired glucose metabolism. The importance of the topic is further stressed by the emerging epidemic of diabetes and the ageing of the population.
Article: Ikäheimo TM, Jokelainen J, Hassi J, Hiltunen L, Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi S, Laatikainen T, Jousilahti P, Peltonen M, Moilanen L. Diabetes and impaired glucose metabolism is associated with more cold-related cardiorespiratory symptoms. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2017;129:116–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2017.04.022
Tiina M. Ikäheimo, Ph. D., Adjunct professor
University of Oulu, Center for Environmental and Respiratory Health Research (CERH)
phone: +358 40 5422 968, +358 40 572 4165, email: tiina.ikaheimo (a) oulu.fi
Last updated: 17.5.2017