Infotech Oulu Annual Report 2011 - Infotech Oulu Doctoral Program

The Infotech Oulu Doctoral Program operates in three areas, corresponding to the major research fields of Infotech Oulu. These are electronics, communications engineering, and computer science and information engineering.

The Electronics section consists of electronic circuit and system design, microelectronics, electronics manufacturing technology, physical electronics, electronic and optoelectronic measurement technology, and testing and disturbance techniques in electronics.

Communications engineering covers telecommunication systems from the architectures and implementations of transceivers to telecommunication networks, systems and services. The main research themes include broadband wireless access, short range communications and sensor networks.

Computer science and information engineering emphasizes information processing methods, ubiquitous systems and human-computer interaction. The topics include machine vision, biosignal analysis, data mining, intelligent robots, software security, mobile computing, urban computing and ubiquitous internet.

The graduate school system was re-organized in 2010. The University of Oulu now has only one umbrella Graduate School consisting of several Doctoral Programs, University of Oulu Graduate School (UniOGS). At the end of 2010, the Infotech Oulu Graduate School officially changed its name to the Infotech Oulu Doctoral Program.

The Doctoral Program Board

Each of the main research areas is represented on the Infotech Oulu Doctoral Program Board, as is VTT. Professor Markku Juntti is the Director of the program and the Chair of the Board. The representatives of the main areas on the Board are Professors Juha Kostamovaara (electronics), Matti Latva-aho (communications engineering), Juha Röning and Kari Kuutti (both computer science and information engineering). Professor Pentti Karioja is the representative of VTT.


In 2011, the Infotech Oulu Doctoral Program had 25 doctoral student posts and a position for a coordinator funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture. The posts are for doctoral students working in the research groups that are full or associate members of Infotech Oulu. This funding has been confirmed until the end of 2013 for the students. The funding for the coordinator position ceased from the Ministry of Education and Culture in the end of 2011, but continues from the University of Oulu. The doctoral student posts altogether represented annually over EUR 700 000 in salary costs. Additional funding has been obtained from the Academy of Finland for arranging doctoral courses and for other costs. The Academy granted EUR 430 000 for the years 2010–2013. EUR 107 500 were designated for the year 2011. Together with the annual direct financial support of EUR 20 000 from Infotech Oulu, the total budget of the doctoral program was EUR 875 000. In addition, Infotech Oulu supports its doctoral program by financing international workshops and researcher visits that contain doctoral education, and through the work of the staff in the research groups.

Students and Doctoral Theses

The Infotech Oulu Doctoral Program had 168 students at the end of 2011. This includes all the doctoral students in our research area working in the full and associate member groups of Infotech Oulu.

The output was 24 doctoral theses. The funding from Infotech Oulu Doctoral Program positions was used for 13 of them: Sami Huttunen, Otso Kassinen, Keijo Kononen, Markus Berg, Leonardo Goratti, Janne Janhunen, Juha Karjalainen, Timo Koskela, Markus Myllylä, Ilkka Nissinen, Jan Nissinen, Mikko Rajanen and Merja Teirikangas defended their theses in 2011. The last nine theses were funded only for a few months through our short-term posts that are used just for completing doctoral theses. The theses can be found in electronic format on the web from



The Infotech Oulu Doctoral Program student meeting was held at VTT in April with a poster session.


Teaching Activities

Strong research contacts with other universities and research institutes are utilized in arranging lecturers for the courses. In each of the three major areas covered by the doctoral program, several lectures (Infotech Oulu Lecture Series) and intensive courses are held annually. These all provide a valuable extension to the other doctoral courses in information technology provided by the university. The breadth of the courses below is expressed in ECTS credits.

The Infotech Oulu Lecture Series

To gain two credits, a graduate student must follow 20 hours of lectures and make a written summary of one lecture. The following lectures were held in 2011.


  • Profesor Efim L. Portnoi, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK and Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, Russia - Picosecond lasers and THz optoelecronics
  • Professor Ahmad Safari, Rutgers University, USA - Pb-free piezoelectric ceramics: advances and future trends
  • Dr. Olli Salmela, Nokia Siemens Networks - Basics of system reliability
  • Dr. Jussi Särkkä, Nokia Siemens Networks - Reliability of microtechnology - interconnects, devices and systems
  • Dr. Ryzard Szplet, Military Academy of Warsaw, Poland - Portable time interval counter with picosecond precision
  • Smart Materials and Sensor Arrays for Nanoparticle and Gas Detection workshop
    • Dr. Gunilla Wingqvist, Linköping University, Sweden - Development of piezoelectric materials with improved properties for bio- and chemical sensors
    • Dr. Robert Björklund, Linköping University, Sweden - Soot sensors
    • Dr. Mike Andersson, Linköping University, Sweden - SiC FET gas sensors, principles and applications
    • Dr. Ruth Pearce, Linköping University, Sweden - Graphene gas sensors, ZnO gas sensors

Communications Engineering

  • Professor Shuvra S. Bhattacharyya, University of Maryland, USA - Lightweight dataflow programming for signal processing systems
  • Associate Professor Kimmo Kansanen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology NTNU, Trondheim, Norway - Efficient resource allocation for state estimation using stochastic Lyapunov optimization
  • Professor Joseph R. Cavallaro, Rice University, Houston, TX, USA - Algorithm and architecture design exploration for wireless communication systems

Computer Science and Information Engineering

  • Dr. Stina Nylander, Mobile Life Centre & SICS, Sweden - User research on two study domains: mobile phone use in the home and long term life style change
  • Associate Professor Hironori Nakajo, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan - Supercomputing and mobile computing with mobile devices and/or FPGA systems
  • Professor Danilo Gligoroski, Norwegian University for Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway - The potentials of quasigroups for building ultra fast cryptographic designs for emerging technologies
  • Professor Richard Harper, Microsoft Research, Cambridge, UK - Do we communicate too much?
  • Professor Matthew Turk, University of California, Santa Barbara - Computational illumination
  • Professor Jan Flusser, Institute of Information Theory and Automation, Prague, Czech Republic - Resolution enhancement algorithms for thermal video imagery and identification of modified image copies in very large database
  • Professor Marc Langheinrich, University of Lugano (USI), Switzerland - Computers and privacy
  • Professor Sébastien Lefèvre University of South Brittany, Vannes, France - Mathematical morphology for multivariate images
  • Professor Kaori Fujinami, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan - Smartness for people and objects

Intensive Courses and Workshops

How to Get a PhD: Methods and Practical Hints I–II (2011–2012) 3+5 credits

  • Research Professor Aarne Mämmelä, VTT - Doctoral studies at the University of Oulu; literature reviews: existing knowledge from data bases; final result: a scientific publication; research methods: analytical approach; research methods: systems approach; history of research methods; discussion session; summary of the course
  • Professor Erkki Oja, Aalto University, School of Science and Technology - Experiences of a senior researcher
  • Professor Olli Silvén, University of Oulu - Peer review process: the task of a referee
  • Professor Riitta Keiski, University of Oulu - Good practices in researcher education; research ethics
  • Dr. Lisa Lena Opas-Hänninen, University of Oulu - Academic writing
  • Professor Jaakko Kujala, University of Oulu - Designing qualitative approach in research
  • Professor Timo Koivumäki, VTT and University of Oulu - Quantitative questionnaire study
  • Dr. Kari Leppälä, Provisec Ltd - How to do scientific research on engineering and technology
  • Dr. Anthony Heape, University of Oulu - Scientific communication skills: how to tell (and listen to) a story
  • Dr. Kirsi Pyhältö, University of Helsinki - From doctoral candidate to PhD: challenges and resources in doctoral journey


  • Andrea Baschirotto, University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy - CMOS Nyquist AD converters, 5 credits
  • Smart Materials and Sensor Arrays for Nanoparticle and Gas Detection
  • Infotech Oulu Optoelectronics Workshop 2011: Novel technologies in photonics, summer school 1,2), 4 credits
    • Roberto R. Panepucci, Center for Information Technology Renato Archer (CTI), São Paulo, Brasil - Silicon photonics: ring resonators
    • Dr. Martin Charlton and Professor Darren Bagnall, University of Southampton, UK - Emerging nano-photonic device technologies
  • Dr. Vassil Palankovski, Vienna University of Technology, Austria - Physics and engineering of heterostructure devices and materials, 4 credits
  • Associate Professor V. Bobnar, Jozef Stefan Institute, Slovenia - Dielectric and thermal properties of advanced nanomaterials, 4 credits
  • Professor Arthur Hill, University of Salford, UK - Electronics and materials in space exploration, 2 credits
  • Professor Matjaž Valant, University of Nova Gorica, Slovenia - Pyroelectricity and electrocaloric effect in ferroelectrics, 3 credits
  • Professor Jiri Homola, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic - Optical biosensors, 3 credits
  • Dr. Hannu Karhu, University of Turku - Nanoscale physics of catalytic materials
  • Professor Malgorzata Jakubowska, Warsaw University of Technology, Institute of Electronics Materials Technology, Poland - Pastes and inks for printing
  • Dr. Alexey Vasiliev, Institute of Applied Chemical Physics, RRC Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia - Materials and structures for smart gas sensors, 1 credit
  • Professor Zhendong Dai, Nanjing University Aeronautics and Astronautics, China - Biomimetics on structures and materials: learn from nature for advanced technology

Communications Engineering

  • Professor DK Arvind, School of Informatics at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK - Speckled computing, 2 credits
  • Professor Kithsiri Liyanage, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka and  Dr. Janaka Ekanayaka, Cardiff School of Engineering, UK - Introduction to smart grids
  • Professor Evsey Morozov, Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences - Stochastic modeling of communication systems, part II
  • Professor Vladimir Mazalov, - Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences - Networking games, wardrope equilibrium and optimal routing, 3 credits
  • Wireless Information Theory Summer School 1,3), 4 credits
    • Professor Sennur Ulukus, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA - Energy efficiency of future networks
    • Professor Jyri Hämäläinen, Aalto University, Finland - Femtocells: technologies and deployment
    • Dr. Gunther Auer, NTT DOCOMO Euro-Labs, Munich, Germany - Energy aware radio and networking technologies
    • Professor Tadashi Matsumoto, University of Oulu - Iterative processing allowing intra-link errors for cooperative communications
    • Professor Gerhard Kramer, Technical University of Munich, Germany - Interference, coordination and cooperation in heterogeneous networks and local connectivity

Professor Gerhard Kramer and the participants in the Wireless Information Theory Summer School.


 Computer Science and Information Engineering

  • Professor Xilin Chen, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China - Towards real-world face recognition and interaction in smart space, 3 credits
  • Dr. Elena Andreeva, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium  - Hash functions: design and security analysis (theoretical perspective)
  • Dr. Victor Lempitsky, University of Oxford, UK and Yandex, Russia - Inference and learning for structured-output problems
  • Professor Dimitris Metaxas, Rutgers University, USA - Hybrid and stochastic deformable modeling methods and sparse methods: application to reconstruction, segmentation, tracking, classification and simulation, 3 credits
  • Professor Francesco Vaccarino, Politecnico di Torino, Italy - Computational topology: an introduction, 5 credits
  • Dr. Csaba Beleznai, Austrian Institute of Technology, Vienna, Austria - Applied aspects of image processing and computer vision, 3 credits
  • 2nd International UBI Summer School 2011, 5 credits & 3rd Open Ubiquitous City Seminar 4,5,6)
    • Dr. Adrian Friday, Lancaster University, UK - Open pervasive display networks
      Zach Shelby, Head of Research, Sensinode, Finland - Embedded web services
    • Professor Leopoldina Fortunati, University of Udine, Italy - Social and cultural aspects of new media

3rd Open Ubiquitous City Seminar panelists (Dr. Adrian Friday, Zach Shelby, Ava Fatah, Professor Leopoldina Fortunati, Antti Tenetz and Professor Timo Ojala as moderator) and 2nd International UBI Summer School participants.


  • 6th International Conference on Grid and Pervasive Computing, GPC 2011, keynote: Dr. Daron G Green, Microsoft External Research - Applying Microsoft research technologies to the 4th paradigm in scientific research 4,6), 5 credits


Dr. Daron G Green in GPC 2011.


  • International Ubiquitous Projection Workshop and PhD course 7), speakers: Professor Enrico Rukzio, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany and Lancaster University, UK; Professor Matt Jones, University of Swansea, UK; Raimund Dachselt, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, Germany; Professor Michael Rohs, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany; and Dr. Jonna Häkkilä, University of Oulu and Nokia Research Center


The following external organizations have provided co-financing or other support for the courses and workshops:

  • Graduate School in Electronics, Telecommunications and Automation, GETA 1)
  • Graduate School of Modern Optics and Photonics 2)
  • BeFEMTO (Broadband Evolved FEMTO Networks), EARTH (Energy Aware Radio and neTwork tecHnologies), European Comission Seventh Framework Programme 3)
  • UBI (UrBan Interactions) Program 4)
  • Business Oulu, Council of Oulu Region, European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), Ubicom program of the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation (Tekes), OSKE Ubiquitous Computing Cluster Programme, 5)
  • MOTIVE research program (Academy of Finland) 6)
  • Nokia 7)

Course Information

Information about the courses is distributed through our web-pages and by email. The web address for the doctoral program is, where students can also register to the doctoral student mailing list.

Last updated: 17.3.2013