Sustainable materials processing

Achieving sustainability in inorganic materials production requires recycling or re-use of all output streams as well as carbon-free production routes.

In order to achieve a waste-free production in industrial processes, we need to find environmentally and economically sustainable ways to deploy unutilized waste (such as gas cleaning sludges) and to find high-value utilization targets for all side streams.

Another key issue for achieving sustainability is the production of metals without fossil-based carbon. Firstly, fossil carbon is partially replaced by biocarbon from renewable sources, and secondly, carbon-based reduction processes are replaced by hydrogen reduction.

To obtain these goals, it is necessary not only to control new treatment and production processes but also to understand the impact of changes in the downstream processes.

  • Pyro- and hydrometallurgical treatments
  • Mechanical processing
  • Recycling and re-use
  • Sustainability assessments


Primary contact:

Head of the Process Metallurgy research unit, professor Timo Fabritius


Other  senior researchers who are working in the field:



Last updated: 28.4.2020