Inverse Problems Research Group

The inverse problems research group consists of the following people:

  • Valery Serov (professor, group leader)
  • Andreas Hauptmann
  • Valter Pohjola
  • Teemu Tyni
  • Markus Harju
  • Georgios Fotopoulos
  • Urpo Kyllönen

Many inverse problems arise from a practical need to literally see beyond the surface. What treasures does the Earth’s crust hold?  How fares the patient’s heart?  What lies inside  a faraway galaxy?

Inverse problems form a subfield of applied mathematics that seeks to answer such questions. Inverse problems utilise  diverse subfields of mathematics, like theory of ordinary and partial differential equations, functional analysis, complex analysis, and Fourier analysis. In practical problems numerical analysis and probability theory are used. People interested in inverse problems run into applications of diverse mathematical objects, like Dirac’s delta, Brownian motion and Riemannian manifolds. Related fields of science include especially different subfields of physics but even bio and environmental sciences are not uncommon working fields for inverse problems researchers.

Inverse problems are encountered  in various applications, like

  • medical imaging: CT, MR, and ultrasound scans
  • geological surveys: acoustic or electric exploration for e.g. oil or valuable minerals
  • non-destructive testing, quality control in industrial manufacturing
  • remote sensing, including satellite and radar observations