Geology and Mineralogy is the study of the solid Earth, the materials which it is made of, including minerals, rocks and geological formations, and the physical, chemical and biological processes responsible for their generation. Mineralogy focuses on the structure, composition, occurrence and utilization of minerals and forms the foundation to geological research. Regional Geology deals with general characteristics of a given area and the evolution of the bedrock. Using field studies and geochronological tools, geologists determine and date the time sequences of events in the Earth's history, from the beginning to the present time. In Igneous Petrology, the focus is on understanding the nature and origin of rocks crystallized from molten rock or magma, while Sedimentary and Metamorphic Petrology deal with the nature and origin of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, respectively. Structural geology is the study of mechanical deformation of the bedrock and the resultant three-dimensional structural forms. An important branch of Geology and Mineralogy is Ore Geology dealing with the characteristics and genesis of different ore deposits, forming a basis for mineral exploration. Metals and minerals are essential for the sustainable development of the society, and their geological occurrence and exploitation have been chosen as one of the key topics in our faculty.
Last updated: 5.9.2014