Studies at University of Oulu 2013-2014

The University of Oulu offers study opportunities with a solid academic foundation ranging from 5-6 year degree programmes and master’s programmes to doctoral training. There are also several possibilities such as open university studies, executive training and continuing education for developing and maintaining skills and competencies.

In addition to a variety of student exchange programmes, international master’s degree programmes in English are offered in six fields of study, making the university an international study environment.

5-6 Year Degree Programmes

MSc in Plant Physiology (Subject Teacher Education)

Profile of the Degree: 

At Plant Physiology (Plant Biology), we are studying how plants function at molecular, cellular and whole plant level. The research topics are focused on plant developmental biology, plant-microbe interactions and plant biotechnology. The research is mainly implemented at gene expression and / or regulation level i.e. the research is conducted from transcriptome to metabolic level. Biotechnology tools (e.g. clonal production of plants and cryopreservation) open doors for interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approaches and practical applications. Plant Physiology is also one of the four disciplines (plant physiology, chemistry, environmental engineering and industrial engineering and management) belonging to the multidisciplinary educational programme of the University of Oulu “International MSc programme in Green Chemistry and Bioproduction” (

Most of the research topics are related to plant developmental biology. Applied research is focused on e.g. environmental effects of genetically modified plants and bioactive plant secondary metabolites. The key research topics are:

  • forest tree physiology, developmental biology and microbe interactions
  • regulatory processes of berry ripening
  • biotechnological applications (plant bioactive compounds, cloning, genetic modification, cryopreservation)
Courses Required for the Degree: 


Specialisation Subject Teacher, Major Plant Physiology

MSc degree (120 ECTS) consists of advanced plant physiology major (60 ECTS). Compulsory minor studies include pedagogical studies (30 ECTS) and subsidiary entity for subject teacher 35 ECTS (25 ECTS in BSc degree).

Further information: see course structure diagram.

Learning Outcomes: 

General learning outcomes

The Master of Science subject teacher in Biology

  • can teach and supervise students with the help of wide knowledge in different fields of biology
  • can apply theory into practice: produce new biological data and make conclusions
  • can comment and participate in scientific discussion and can justify own opinions in scientific questions
  • is able to study analytically and critically existing knowledge
  • is able to analyse, represent, make conclusions and apply skills in own special field with the help of diverse methodological proficiency and good basic knowledge
  • is thoroughly international in work and in objectives.

Specific learning outcomes

The Master of Science in Plant Physiology

  • has good knowledge and theoretical background on plant morphology and physiology
  • can describe factors affecting growth and development of plants interacting with environment and other organisms
  • is able to utilize methods of molecular biology, biosciences, microscopy, and statistics in a broad sense and is aware of the potentials and challenges of the rapidly evolving techniques in biosciences
  • can apply knowledge in plant biology on applications and research in biotechnology, plant propagation and production of genetically modified plants
  • as a specialist of his/her field, is able to interconnect science and research with society for example in education, authority, public relations, or research.
Arrangements for Recognition of Prior Learning: 

The recognition of prior learning and credit transfer will take place in the beginning of the studies. If the student already has a university or other degree, and if he/she would like to apply his/her prior learning, he/she has to contact the amanuensis.

The recognition of prior learning follows the main principles as defined by the University of Oulu.

More information: Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

Modes of Study: 

Biology studies are full-time studies and they equal to 60 ECTS per year. This is 1 600 study work hours in one academic year. MSc degree is done in two years as full-time studies. Studies are carried out as contact teaching. Studies consist of lectures, exercises, laboratory work and field excursions. Problem solving, group works and seminars are also typical studying methods as well as self-directed learning. Studies are full-time and teaching takes place normally between 8 and 18 o’clock.

Modes of study for the pedagogical studies and subsidiary entity for the subject teacher are described in the degree programmes in question.

Language of Instruction: 

Teaching in the main subject is mainly in English but the pedagogical studies can only be completed in Finnish.

Examination Regulations, Assessment and Grading: 

The student completes the degree-related studies as defined in the curriculum. MSc studies in major have to be advanced studies. Minor and other studies can be general studies, basic studies, intermediate studies or advanced studies. Student does personal study plan which includes the study modules and schedule. The study plan describes the compulsory and optional courses and credits. It supports the progress of studies and helps the student to make a meaningful, personal degree.

1 ECTS is estimated as 27 hours studies. During one academic year (Autumn and Spring semester) students will perform 60 ECTS (i.e. 1 600 hours studies). Lectures are free of attendance however active participation is strongly recommended. In practical courses there is compulsory attendance.

The study units are primarily completed by attending examinations and they are assessed by the person responsible for the study unit. Typically in academic year there are three exam opportunities per course. Student has to register in weboodi system to courses and exams. The assessment is often based on the grades of final or mid-term exams. Also other assessment criteria are used, including species identification exam, oral exam, work report, practical work, seminar presentation and study journal. Study unit descriptions give more exact information on the assessment of study units.

Grades used in assessment of studies are pass/failed or numeric values 0-5 where 5 (excellent; ECTS A), 4 (very good; ECTS B), 3 (good; ECTS C), 2 (satisfactory; ECTS D), 1 (sufficient; ECTS E), 0 failed. Grades used in assessment of the Bachelor of Science thesis is pass/failed. See also The University of Oulu Education Regulations paragraph 17. The Master’s Thesis (Pro Gradu Thesis) is written final work in the degree and it is graded as 0-5. In determining the final grade for a study module, a credit-weighted average is used. The grade of Pro Gradu Thesis will not be considered when determining the average of advanced studies.

Occupational Profiles of Graduates: 

The majority of subject teachers in biology work as teachers. If they have also done bioscience option, they can act as researchers in the universities, technical colleges, and in the research institutions of agriculture and forestry (e.g. METLA, Agrifood Research, Lynet). In addition, they are competent to act as experts/consultants in the various fields of administration (ministries, Academy of Finland, regional administration).

Access to Further Studies: 

The MSc degree in Plant physiology (subject teacher education) qualifies to do postgraduate studies and degree for the Licentiate of Philosophy (PhLic) or Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree if the Master’s thesis is 40 ECTS.

More information: University of Oulu Graduate School (UniOGS)

Graduation Requirements: 

Student has to apply for the Master of Science Degree from the Faculty of Science after finishing all the required studies. Accepted personal study plan is attached to the degree application. Master of Science degree’s compulsory and optional studies are described in the structure of the MSc studies section.

Faculty of Science instructions and forms (in Finnish).

Qualification Requirements and Regulations: 

All education in the University of Oulu is based on the principles of the joint European credit transfer system (ECTS) which facilitates the transparency of education and the recognition of degrees at an international level. All degrees awarded from the University of Oulu are recognised by the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture.

Master of Science degree (MSc) is the higher academic degree which gives an opportunity to variety of employments. Subject teacher in biology qualifies to teach in basic education, upper secondary school or other educational institutions.

Educational qualification requirements for subject teacher positions are specified by Finnish legislation. Acts 986/1998 and 1168/2010. Finnish National Board of Education.

The degree provides language proficiency required of personnel in public bodies in accordance with the Language Proficiency Section 6:

Government Decree on University Degrees 794/2004, Language Proficiency Section 6

Basic information

Level of the Degree: 
Master's Degree
Duration of Studies: 
2 years
ECTS Credits: 
Language of Instruction: 
English and Finnish
Graduate Profiles: 
Subject Teacher
Location of Instruction: 
+358 (0)294 481546
hely.haggman (at)


Applying Information: 
The degree is part of a five-year degree programme which is applied for through the joint application system at Read more detailed information about admission requirements and applying from The Applicant’s Guide 2013.