Licenciate in medicine, consultant surgeon in gastroenterological surgery Jari Mällinen
Faculty and research unit
University of Oulu Graduate School, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Research Center
Field of study
Date and time of the thesis defence
Place of the thesis defence
Auditorium 1 of Oulu University Hospital, Kajaanintie 50
Topic of the dissertation
Studies on acute appendicitis with a special reference to appendicoliths and periappendicular abscesses
Professor Pauli Puolakkainen, Helsinki University Central Hospital /Helsinki University
Professor Jyrki Mäkelä, Oulu University/ Oulu University Hospital
More information about acute appendicitis
It is now known, that acute appendicitis does not inevitably lead to appendiceal perforation without surgical treatment. Most cases are uncomplicated by nature and can often be treated with antibiotics without operation. On the other hand, complicated acute appendicitis with appendiceal perforation usually requires operative treatment. This supports the importance of accurate differential diagnosis between uncomplicated and complicated acute appendicitis to enable correct treatment. According to the thesis, this differentiation can not be done reliably enough without modern imaging such as computed tomography.
An appendicolith is a calcified deposit of faecal material in the appendiceal lumen. It's presence is known to predict perforation and failure of conservative treatment. However, acute appendicitis presenting with an appendicolith is not officially classified as complicated appendicitis. In this thesis, clear histopathological differencies were detected between acute uncomplicated appendicitis and acute appendicitis without perforation, but presenting with an appendicolith. This supports the hypothesis of the potentially complicated nature of appendicolith appendicitis.
Appendiceal perforation can lead to generalized peritonitis or an encapsulated periappendicular abscess. An abscess can usually be treated in the acute phase with antibiotics without surgery. The thesis aimed to determine the need of an interval appendectomy after initial treatment after the infection has subsided. An unexpectedly high rate of appendiceal neoplasms was detected in the study population. All the neoplasms were detected in patients over 40 years of age. This supports the need of an interval appendectomy in this age group.Dissertation
Last updated: 18.10.2019