Research on Solar Long-term Variability and Effects
Space climate is an interdisciplinary science that concentrates on the long-term change (tens to thousands of years) in the Sun and its effects in the heliosphere (region of space dominated by solar magnetic field), in the near-Earth space, atmosphere and climate. Space weather is concentrated on studying these things on shorter time scales from hours to few days.
Centre of Excellence on Research on Solar Long-term Variability and Effects
Recent research has been concentrated on following key questions:
• How and why has the solar magnetic field and solar wind changed during the past 150 years?
• How have geomagnetic activity and near-Earth energetic particle populations changed during the last 150 years?
• What is causing the recent rapid decline in solar activity and what effects does it have?
• What are the solar effects on climate and climate change?