Doctoral course - Wireless Communication for Connected Vehicles and Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)
The Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) are today on the eve of a significant change, pushed by the proliferation of electric-powered vehicles, the introduction of autonomous driving and the increase of the safety requirements by regulators all over the globe. This evolutionary change is driven and enabled by two major factors. The first one is the expansion of the existing information and communications technologies (ICT) and respective infrastructures, and especially mobile network technology of the 4th and 5th generations. The second and the most critical one is the development and commercialization of brand-new wireless connectivity technologies and protocols for ITS. These technologies (including IEEE 802.11p/bd, cellular vehicle-to-any (C-V2X), ETSI Cooperative Intelligent Transport System (C-ITS) stack, etc.) have been specifically designed and optimized to operate in the highly mobile environment thus allowing to effectively address the needs of the ITS applications and use cases.
The fundamental goal of the "Wireless Communication for Connected Vehicles and Intelligent Transport Systems" intensive course is to deliver in a comprehensive albeit concise manner to the participating PhD, MSc students, and even research professionals, the state-of-the-art knowledge about the ITS connectivity, the architecture of such systems and the details of the key protocols and standards. The course will be delivered by a renowned expert in the field of vehicle connectivity, Assoc. Prof. Alessandro Bazzi, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
After completing the course, a student will:
- Learn and understand the specifics of the ITS connectivity ecosystem, the C-ITS connectivity stack, the key technologies (including the IEEE 802.11p and C-V2X) and the main trade-offs associated with the different alternatives.
- Understand the use cases and applications and the future development trends in ITS.
- Know about the practical performance of the discussed technologies obtained from in-field experiments.
Course organization and program:
The course will be organized as a single-day intensive course composing 8 hours of face-to-face lecturing on November 14 in Oulu, some independent reading, and an essay/reflection to be completed and returned by the student after the course. The number of ECTS credits is to be confirmed.
The program is as follows:
Lecture 1: 45 min: Introduction to vehicle-to-everything (V2X) Lecture 1: 45 min
Lecture 2: 45 min: Protocol stack model of the ETSI Cooperative Intelligent Transport System (C-ITS)
Lecture 3: 45 min: Networking and transport layer, including the GeoNetworking protocol
Lecture 4: 45+45+22.5 min: Vehicular Wi-Fi: IEEE 802.11p and related standards
Lecture 5: 45+45+22.5 min: Cellular communications applied to V2X, with particular attention to short-range C-V2X (sidelink)
Recommended student background:
A student should be familiar with:
• the concept of protocol stack and ISO/OSI model;
• the main aspects related to the medium access control (MAC) layer, possibly including the basics of carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA) and orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA);
• the main aspects related to the physical layer of communication systems, including modulation and channel coding, with basics of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM);
• the main aspects related to propagation of wireless communications (including path-loss and fading).
Most of these aspects are for example detailed in “Computer Networks“, by A. Tanenbaum, N. Feamster, D. Wetherall.
Reading for the course:
Introductory-level (to be read before the course):
• K. Sjöberg, P. Andres, T. Buburuzan, A. Brakemeier, “C-ITS Deployment in Europe Current Status and Outlook”, arXiv preprint arXiv:1609.03876 (2016); https://arxiv.org/abs/1609.0387
• G. Naik, B. Choudhury, Jung-Min Park. "IEEE 802.11 bd & 5G NR V2X: Evolution of radio access technologies for V2X communications." IEEE access (2019); https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8723326
• “Guidance for day 2 and beyond roadmap”, available at https://www.car-2-car.org/documents/general-documents/
• “A Visionary Roadmap for Advanced Driving Use Cases, Connectivity Technologies, and Radio Spectrum Needs”, available at https://5gaa.org/5gaa-in-motion/news/#white-papers
• R. Molina-Masegosa, J. Gozalvez, M. Sepulcre, "Comparison of IEEE 802.11 p and LTE-V2X: An evaluation with periodic and aperiodic messages of constant and variable size." IEEE Access, 2020; https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9133075
• A. Bazzi, O. A. Berthet, C. Campolo, B. M. Masini, A. Molinaro, A. Zanella, “On the design of sidelink for cellular V2X: a literature review and outlook for future.” IEEE Access, 2021; https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9471886
• F. A. Schiegg, I. Llatser, D. Bischoff, G. Volk, “Collective perception: A safety perspective.” Sensors, 2020; https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/21/1/159
Further information & questions:
Asst. Prof. Konstantin Mikhaylov
TS473, CWC-NS, ITEE
Mobile: +358 44 2452292