Fossil-Free Steel Applications


FOSSA project composed in the context of both the EU’s and Finland’s common goal to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 and 2035, respectively. Accordingly, the project will focus on cutting-edge innovations, thereby generating new metallurgical competences and models, and building toolkits for long- and short-term future needs.

Project information

Project duration


Funded by

Business Finland

Funding amount

7 600 000 EUR

Project coordinator

University of Oulu

Contact information

Contact person

Project description

FOSSA project aims to initiate the transition towards carbon neutral Finland and conforms to an essential part of the strategic research agenda (SRA) of the Association of Finnish Steel and Metal Producers. In addition, there are three other national projects supporting the realization of the SRA: 1) TOCANEM, 2) BATCircle2, and 3) FFS. The overview of the FOSSA project is based on three main concepts: fossil-free steels’ value chain, breakthrough steels and steel applications, and virtual steel production.

The project consortium includes a large Finnish carbon steel producer, SSAB, and important players from other business sectors, such as infrastructure, transportation, forest industry and marine & offshore. Also, the customers of SSAB in Finland and Sweden have clearly expressed their optimism and keenness to participate in the project, but the new steels and applications will be developed exclusively with the resources of the main partners, in addition to the active collaboration of one and all. The consortium’s R&D competence will be augmented by the Finnish research institutes, and a large global collaboration network.

The project is divided into four work packages (WPs):

  • WP1: Fossil-free steels’ value chain,
  • WP2: Fossil-free steel applications and economic growth,
  • WP3: Virtual steel production platform and
  • WP4: Coordination and dissemination.

Total budget

€7.6M (University of Oulu’s budget €2.4M for Materials and Mechanical Engineering)


SSAB Europe Oy, HIAB (Cargotec Oyj), Fortaco Oy and Indalgo Oy. The in-kind partners include Kemppi Oy, Ponsse Oyj, Rauma Marine Constructions Finland Oy, and Ramboll Finland Oy. Research partners are University of Oulu, Lappeenranta-Lahti Technical University and Tampere University.