Global taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity of stream macroinvertebrate communities: unravelling spatial trends, ecological determinants and anthropogenic threats


The project GloBioTrends (1) aims at understanding taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic differences among invertebrate faunas across the world, (2) examines variation in the responses of biodiversity to natural and anthropogenic factors within distinct regions, and (3) predicts how environmental changes at global, regional and local scales affect biodiversity.

Project information

Project duration


Funded by

Academy of Finland - Academy Project

Project coordinator

University of Oulu

Contact information

Project leader

  • Project manager
    Jani Heino

Project description

Anthropogenic activities threaten biodiversity at global, regional and local scales. Addressing this situation requires knowledge of the main mechanisms underlying biodiversity patterns. While the threats facing large, charismatic organisms are relatively well-known, those facing small-sized organisms inhabiting freshwater ecosystems are poorly studied, especially at large scales and in terms of joint examination of different facets, i.e. taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional facets of biodiversity. This scarcity of knowledge is largely due to the absence of an organized dataset on functional and phylogenetic information. The project GloBioTrends (1) aims to increase understanding of functional and phylogenetic differences among stream macroinvertebrate faunas across the world, (2) examines variation in the responses of taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic biodiversity to natural and anthropogenic factors within distinct regions, and (3) predicts how environmental changes at global, regional and local scales affect stream macroinvertebrate biodiversity.

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Project results

Selected recent publications associated with the GloBioTrends project

Liu, Z., Heino, J., Soininen, J., Zhou, T., Wang, W., Cui, Y., Chen, Y., Li, Z., Zhang, J. & Xie, Z. (2022) Different responses of incidence-weighted and abundance-weighted multiple facets of macroinvertebrate beta diversity to urbanization in a subtropical river system. Ecological Indicators 143: 109357.

Schmera, D., Heino, J. & Podani, J. (2022) Characterising functional strategies and trait space of freshwater macroinvertebrates. Scientific Reports 12: 12283.

Heino, J. & Koljonen, S. (2022) A roadmap for sustaining biodiversity and ecosystem services through joint conservation and restoration of northern drainage basins. Ecological Solutions and Evidence 3: e12142.

Liu, Z., Zhou, T., Heino, J., Castro, D.M.P., Cui, Y., Li, Z., Wang, W., Chen, Y. & Xie, Z. (2022) Land conversion induced by urbanization leads to taxonomic and functional homogenization of a river macroinvertebrate metacommunity. Science of the Total Environment 825: 153940.

Maasri, A., Jähnig, S., Adamescu, M., Adrian, R., Baigun, C., Baird, D., Batista-Morales, A., Bonada, N., Brown, L., Cai, Q., Campos-Silva, J., Clausnitzer, V., Contreras-MacBeath, T., Cooke, S., Datry, T., Delacamara, G., De Meester, L., Dijkstra, Klaas-Douwe; D., Domisch, S., Dudgeon, D., Eros, T., Freitag, H., Freyhof, J., Friedrich, J., Friedrichs-Manthey, M., Geist, J., Gessner, M., Goethals, P., Gollock, M., Gordon, C., Grossart, H.P., Gulemvuga, G., Gutiérrez-Fonseca, P., Haase, P., Hering, D.,  Hahn, H. J., Hawkins, C., He, F., Heino, J., Hermoso, V., Hogan, Z., Hölker, F., Jeschke, J., Jiang, M.,  Johnson, R., Kalinkat, G., Karimov, B., Kasangaki, A., Kimirei, I., Kohlmann, B., Kummerlen, M., Kuiper, J., Kupilas, B., Langhans, S., Lansdown, R., Leese, F., Magbanua, F., Matsuzaki, S., Monaghan, M., Mumladze, L., Muzon, J., Mvogo Ndongo, P., Nejstgaard, J., Nikitina, O., Ochs, C., Odume, O. N., Opperman, J., Patricio, H., Pauls, S., Raghavan, R., Ramirez, A., Rashni, B., Ross-Gillespie, V.,  Samways, M., Schaefer, R., Schmidt-Kloiber, A., Seehausen, O., Shah, D. N., Sharma, S., Soininen, J., Sommerwerk, N., Stockwell, J., Suhling, F., Tachamo S., Tharme, R., Thorp, J., Tickner, D., Tockner, K., Tonkin, J., Valle, M., Vitule, J., Volk, M., Wang, D., Wolter, C. & Worischka, S. (2022) A global agenda for advancing freshwater biodiversity research. Ecology Letters 25: 255–263.

García‒Girón, J., Tolonen, K.T., Soininen, J., Snåre, H., Pajunen, V. & Heino, J. (2022) Anthropogenic land‒use impacts on the size structure of macroinvertebrate assemblages are jointly modulated by local conditions and spatial processes. Environmental Research 204: 112055.