In Quaternary Geology, the focus is on the surface of the Earth's crust, which largely comprises different types of sediments. These were mainly formed during the youngest geological time period of the Earth’s history, the Quaternary period, explaining the name given to this field of research. The sub-fields of Quaternary Geology include physical geology and, especially in Finland, its branch dealing with glacial geology, and historical geology, palaeontology and many other fields (e.g., hydrogeology, environmental geology, peat geology, and ore prospecting). The aim of Historical Geology is to unravel the chronology of geological events, age relations of different geological formations and the evolution of life and climate on Earth. Physical Sedimentology is the study of soils, their characteristics and generation, and geomorphological landforms which they form. This is an economically important sub-field, because the information is used in regional planning, agricultural and forestry research, mineral exploration, studies of groundwater and peat resources and addressing various environmental issues.
Last updated: 1.9.2014