Arctic Interactions and Global Change
ARCTIC INTERACTIONS (ArcI) is a scientific profile area of the University of Oulu due to its academic strengths and links with the natural resource community in the Oulu region and in Finland. The University of Oulu has long traditions in Arctic research in different faculties that is closely grouped into ArcI research themes.
ArcI objective is to integrate, strengthen and expand Arctic research at the University of Oulu. ArcI will launch a fully interdisciplinary, internationally recognised and nationally renowned center of Arctic research in Finland. ArcI will train a completely new generation of premier Arctic scientists and educators. Our joint efforts will produce new discoveries and cutting-edge research at the boundaries of science where so many of today’s Arctic societal challenges are found.
Global change & northern environments (ArcI 1). Research encompasses physical geography, hydrology, water resources and ecohydrology, aquatic and terrestrial ecology as well as ecosystem processes. The research includes studies on geodiversity, permafrost thaw feedbacks, seasonal frost traits, snow dynamics in catchments, peatland hydrology, hydrological fluxes and moisture sources, biodiversity effects on ecosystem resilience and health, trace gas feedbacks, and interactions among organisms within and among trophic levels. The research builds on long-term experimental studies, numerical modelling and statistics to analyse past andfuture climate and land use.
- Earth system sciences, ecohydrology and human societal resiliency
- Biodiversity change and ecosystem health (link)
Human-environmental relationship (ArcI 2). The research covers expertise in Sami culture and language, archaeology, history and human geography. This includes information on long-term changes in the ways people have lived in the Arctic and used the Arctic natural resources. Research on the history and current practices of extraction of natural resources and other industries in the Arctic has pioneered in understanding the cultural implications and ongoing colonial legacy of mining industry in Lapland. The research provides understanding on social and cultural effects of transformations of reindeer herding practices, as well as building sustainable reindeer herding to cope with changing environment and climate. In Sami cultural studies the main research themes have been recent history of ethnic relations in the Sami area, indigenous concepts of cultural environment, and modern Sami identity reflected in politics, media and art. Tourism research perspectives focus on regional development, sustainability and adaptation to changing environment.
Sustainable systems, resource use and development (ArcI 3): The research covers a broad set of expertise that is needed to provide sustainable solutions for urbanisation, infrastructure, water and environmental protection, human health and good quality of life. The current research also includes a strong focus on sustainable use of Northern natural resources, sustainable winter cities, urban infrastructure (such as intelligent lighting, transport systems) and massive-wood architecture, mineral resources and biomasses utilisation, and participatory action studies and Arctic culture. Research methods include for example analysis of the past solutions, process and product development with the industry and research by design, which offers possibilities in modelling future solutions of built environment and urban structure.
"The strategy of the University of Oulu is based on five thematic, internationally important research focus areas. Activities in arctic research and education relate to all focus areas."