Kristina Mikkonen

Kristina Mikkonen


Senior research fellow, docent
Health Sciences

55 peer reviewed publications in international journals. The publications have been cited 303 times. The author has a h-index of 9.00.


As a senior research fellow, my purpose is to produce high-quality scientific research and train new creative experts, educators and leaders for the changing field of social and health care in partnership with the scientific community of nursing science at the University of Oulu, and with national and international collaborators. My in-depth expertise is within the area of the research area in education and competence of social and health care experts, including clinical learning environments, to enhance the quality of patient care, health promotion and sustainable environment.

During my researcher career, I have had the opportunity to be the main manager of a key national government project involving seven higher education institutions to develop health science teachers´ competence (TerOpe-project) and the main coordinator of an international project to develop a digital health module for postgraduate students in Finland and Japan (DHM-project). I have started an international EU funded research project addressing mentors’ competence in nursing education (QualMent), which I am leading as a co-partner at the University of Oulu. 


Research interests

  • Digital technology education and its effects on the users
  • Competence-based education of vocational, higher degree, and continuous social- and healthcare education
  • Work-related learning environments and mentoring
  • Immigrant workforce- models on the integration of immigrant nurses into healthcare organizations.

Social media

Scientific merits

Professional and community activities

  • Assistant Editor @Nurse Education Today Journal
  • Committee member of Nordic Finland project lead by Oulu University Hospital- Development of Nursing Education Structures and Content in Renewable Clinical Structures - Project
  • Secretary of Nursing Science Association in Finland (HTTS ry) 2019
  • Committee member of Medical Research Centre Education Board
  • Student representative in Doctoral training committee for Health and Biosciences 2015-2017
  • Committee member of the Doctoral Students’ Section 2015-2017
  • Member of the Degree programme committee in Nursing Science and Health 2015-2017

Selected publications

  • Pitkänen, Salla; Kääriäinen, Maria; Oikarainen, Ashlee; Tuomikoski, Anna-Maria; Elo, Satu; Ruotsalainen, Heidi; Saarikoski, Mikko; Kärsämänoja, Taina; Mikkonen, Kristina (2018) Healthcare students' evaluation of the clinical learning environment and supervision : a cross-sectional study. - Nurse education today 62, 143-149 . [Original]
  • Oikarainen A, Mikkonen K, Tuomikoski A-M, Elo S, Pitkänen S, Ruotsalainen H, Kääriäinen M. (2017) Mentors' competence in mentoring culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students during clinical placement. - Journal of advanced nursing Epub ahead of print, . [Original]
  • Mikkonen, Kristina; Elo, Satu; Miettunen, Jouko; Saarikoski, Mikko; Kääriäinen, Maria (2017) Clinical learning environment and supervision of international nursing students: A cross-sectional study. - Nurse education today 52, 73-80 . [Original]
  • Mikkonen, Kristina; Elo, Satu; Miettunen, Jouko; Saarikoski, Mikko; Kääriäinen, Maria (2017) Development and testing of the CALDs and CLES plus T scales for international nursing students' clinical learning environments. - Journal of advanced nursing 73 (8), 1997-2011 . [Original]
  • Mikkonen, Kristina (2017) Clinical learning environment and mentoring of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students. - Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. Series D, Medica 1416. Oulu. Artikkeliväitöskirja. 108. [Original]
  • Mikkonen, Kristina; Elo, Satu; Tuomikoski, Anna-Maria; Kääriäinen, Maria (2016) Mentor experiences of international healthcare students' learning in a clinical environment : A systematic review. - Nurse education today 40, 87-94 . [Original]
  • Mikkonen, Kristina; Elo, Satu; Kuivila, Heli-Maria; Tuomikoski, Anna-Maria; Kaariainen, Maria (2016) Culturally and linguistically diverse healthcare students' experiences of learning in a clinical environment : A systematic review of qualitative studies. - International journal of nursing studies 54 (SI), 173-187 . [Original]

Thesis supervisions

  • Supervision of 23 Master theses (6 ongoing, 16 completed)

    20 Bachelor theses (all completed) 

  • Supervision of 9 Doctoral students:

    1. Heli Kuivila (Principle Supervisor- PS)

    2. Ashlee Oikarainen (PS)

    3. Merja Männistö (Co-supervisor- CS)

    4. Anna-Leena Heinistö (PS)

    5. Anniina Tohmola (CS)

    6. Erika Jarva (PS)

    7. Miro Koskenranta (PS) 

    8. Virpi Välimaa (PS)

    9. Jonna Juntunen (PS) 

Research visits

  • Associate Professor
    23.2.2020 to 31.3.2020

    Osaka University, Health Science, Graduate school of Medicine, Department of Nursing


TerOpe - OKM project

The project will define the national competence requirements of health care teachers, develop and integrate a model for updating education, pilot a
University of Oulu, 2016

Digital Health Module in Postgraduate Higher Education

The aim of the project is to develop, implement and evaluate an evidence-based Digital Health Module in Postgraduate Higher Education curriculum in