Steels provide both environmentally and economically the best material solutions for a wide range of applications. They often enable extended product lifetime compared to other materials, which in terms of meeting the climate challenge is even more important than the other important benefit of using steels, namely the full recyclability. Hence, enhanced usability increases the throughput of engineering companies’ processes and also brings sustain the efficiency of the whole value chain.
In recent decades, scientific advances in our understanding of strength and formability have expedited the development of thin, lightweight, high-strength, high-performance steel sheets, e.g. for the automotive industry. Computational materials engineering, covering atomic, multiscale through to macroscopic modelling are supporting this development. However, there is a need to continue development of fundamental understanding on microstructure-property relationships, as well as modelling and simulation tools. Similar advances in our understanding of the essential properties of thicker steel products are also required to enable weight-savings and the more efficient use of energy and resources in a much wider range of applications in both warm as well as arctic climates, e.g. machinery, vehicles, bridges, ships, earth-moving equipment, linepipes and offshore structures.
Contact person: Jukka Kömi
Last updated: 7.3.2018