Alexandra Middleton

Sustainable business in the Arctic

Asisstant Professor Alexandra Middleton

Alexandra Middleton


Assistant Professor


I am currently working on the international project "Business Index North". Business Index North is a project that contributes to sustainable development and value creation through increased global awareness of business opportunities in the Arctic. Business Index North report is a recurring, knowledge-based, systematic information tool for stakeholders.  Stakeholders of the projects include businesses, academics, governments and regional authorities, as well as media in the Arctic states.  

I participated in TEDxOulu event in January 2020 with a talk "Prejudices about the Arctic". In my talk, I discussed popular beliefs and prejudices about the Arctic shaped by global media and geopolitical forces. Human dimension concerns challenges and opportunities people face in the Arctic. The inclusion of human dimension dissolves preconceived ideas about the Arctic and shows how the Arctic can serve as an emerging model for sustainable development worldwide.

Research interests

  • Circular economy
  • Tax transparency
  • Sustainable business

Arctic-related expertise

Science diplomacy:

I am a Fellow of Science for Diplomacy for Addressing Global Challenges (S4D4C) EU-funded project where I have direct contact with decision makers at ministries, funding agencies, and European and international organizations.

I was selected to European Financial Reporting Advisory Group Special Task Force on Climate-Related reporting.

Positions of trust related to the Arctic:

Arctic research articles: 


Middleton, A. (2020). Climate Change Accountability, Including TCFD in the Nordic Arctic Countries. Arctic Yearbook 2020.

Mineev, A., Timoshenko, A., Zhurova, E., Middleton, A. (2020). Implementing the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals in the Norwegian Arctic: A Ready-made Framework? Magma, 5, 74-85.

Middleton, A. (2019). Northern Sea Route: From Speculations to Reality by 2035. High North News.


Middleton, A. (2019). Arctic human security in the era of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): The Case of Sweden, Norway and Finland. Arctic Yearbook 2019. 

Dybtsyna, A., Hersinger, A. & Middleton, A.  (2019).  The Rhetoric and Practice of Business Research Collaboration among High North Universities. Barents Studies

Middleton, A. (2019).  Is Future of the European Arctic Socially Sustainable. The Arctic Institute Articles

Middleton, A. (2019).  Arctic Smart Specialization. Arctic Frontiers, 20-25, January, Tromso, Norway

Middleton, A. (2018). The Power of Connectivity in the Arctic, University of Arctic Congress, September 3-7, 2018, University of Oulu, Finland.

Middleton, A. (2018). The Future of Arctic Investment: Focus on the Arctic Investment Protocol, Northern Political Economy Symposium on 29–30 August 2018, Rovaniemi

Middleton, A. (2017). Strategies of High North Universities as Interactive phenomenon: Mirroring of Arctic strategies and policies. 24th Nordic Academy of Management Conference, August 23-25, 2017, Bodø, Norway.

Circular economy research

Tax transparency

Together with my co-author Jenni Muttonen we wrote book on Multinational Enterprises and Transparent Tax Reporting published in 2020 by Routledge. 

This book addresses the phenomenon of tax transparency by multinational enterprises, setting it apart from tax avoidance and tax evasion. Tax transparency is defined as firms’ voluntary disclosure of its tax policies, payments, regional tax distributions and other tax related information that is not currently demanded by legislation.


Thesis supervisions


Research visits