Maija Toivanen

Maija Toivanen


Doctoral Researcher

3 peer reviewed publications in international journals. The publications have been cited 13 times, of which the most cited publication accounts for 7 citations. The author has a h-index of 2.00. (Google Scholar)


Maija Toivanen works as a doctoral researcher in Physical Geography Research Group. She is interested in biodiversity-geodiversity relationship and large-scale freshwater ecology. Her PhD focuses on a question whether geodiversity can be used as a surrogate for lake biodiversity and a measure of a conservation value (funded by Maj & Tor Nessling Foundation). 

Research interests

  • Geodiversity
  • Biodiversity
  • Large-scale ecology
  • Freshwater ecosystems
  • Aquatic plants
  • Conserving Nature´s Stage framework
  • Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
  • Functional ecology


Social media

Professional and community activities

  • Board member of Geographical Society of Northern Finland 2019–

Research groups

  • Physical Geography Research Group (PGRG)
  • Large-Scale Ecology Laboratory
  • Macrophyte Biogeography Lab

Selected publications

  • Alahuhta, Janne; Toivanen, Maija; Hjort, Jan (2020) Geodiversity-biodiversity relationship needs more empirical evidence. - Nature ecology & evolution 4 (1), 2-3 . [Original]
  • Toivanen, Maija; Hjort, Jan; Heino, Jani; Tukiainen, Helena; Aroviita, Jukka; Alahuhta, Janne (2019) Is catchment geodiversity a useful surrogate of aquatic plant species richness?. - Journal of biogeography 46 (8), 1711-1722 . [Original]
  • Alahuhta, Janne; Toivanen, Maija; Hjort, Jan; Ecke, Frauke; Johnson, Lucinda B.; Sass, Laura; Heino, Jani (2017) Species richness and taxonomic distinctness of lake macrophytes along environmental gradients in two continents. - Freshwater biology 62 (7), 1194-1206 . [Original]

Research visits

  • Visiting researcher at University of Nottingham (UK)
    25.2.2019 to 25.4.2019

    A research visit to the School of Geography hosted by Assoc. Prof. Richard Field and Dr. Franziska Schrodt.