Anna-Kaisa Salmi

Anna-Kaisa Salmi


Associate Professor, Academy Research Fellow


Zooarchaeologist, Associate professor, Academy Research Fellow and an ERC grantee. Interested in northern human-animal relationships, especially reindeer domestication.

Research interests

  • Zooarchaeology
  • Human-animal relationships
  • Reindeer domestication
  • Foodways


Social media

Professional and community activities

  • Editor-in-Chief, Monographs of the Archaeological Society of Finland

Research groups

  • Principal investigator, Domestication in Action-Tracing Archaeological Markers of Human-Animal Interaction

Selected publications

  • Heino, Matti T.; Salmi, Anna-Kaisa; Äikäs, Tiina; Mannermaa, Kristiina; Kirkinen, Tuija; Sablin, Mikhail; Ruokonen, Minna; Núñez, Milton; Okkonen, Jari; Dalén, Love; Aspi, Jouni (2021) Reindeer from Sámi offering sites document the replacement of wild reindeer genetic lineages by domestic ones in Northern Finland starting from 1400 to 1600 AD. - Journal of archaeological science : reports 35, 102691 . [Original] [Self-archived]
  • Spangen, Marte; Salmi, Anna-Kaisa; Äikäs, Tiina; Fjellström, Markus (2020) Currents of Saami pasts : Recent advances in Saami archaeology. - Monographs of the archaeological society of finland 9. Helsinki. [Original]
  • Salmi, Anna-Kaisa; Niinimäki, Sirpa; Pudas, Tuula (2020) Identification of working reindeer using palaeopathology and entheseal changes. - International journal of paleopathology 30, 56-57 . [Original] [Self-archived]
  • Salmi, Anna-Kaisa; Fjellström, Markus; Äikäs, Tiina; Spangen, Marte; Núñez, Milton; Lidén, Kerstin (2020) Zooarchaeological and stable isotope evidence of Sámi reindeer offerings. - Journal of archaeological science : reports 29, 102129, 102129 . [Original] [Self-archived]
  • Pelletier, Maxime; Kotiaho, Antti; Niinimäki, Sirpa; Salmi, Anna-Kaisa (2020) Identifying early stages of reindeer domestication in the archaeological record: a 3D morphological investigation on forelimb bones of modern populations from Fennoscandia. - Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 12 (8), 169 . [Original]
  • Hull Emily, Niinimäki Sirpa, Salmi Anna-Kaisa (2020) Differences in entheseal changes in the phalanges between ecotypes of Fennoscandian reindeer. - International journal of osteoarchaeology 2020, 1-13
  • Lahtinen, Maria; Salmi, Anna-Kaisa (2019) Farming in the Extreme—Animal Management in Late Medieval and Early Modern Northern Finland. - Arctic anthropology 55 (2), 76-96 . [Original]
  • Salmi, Anna-Kaisa; Äikäs, Tiina; Spangen, Marte; Fjellström, Markus; Mulk, Inga-Maria (2018) Tradition and transformation in Sámi animal-offering practices. - Antiquity 92 (362), 472-489 . [Original]
  • Salmi Anna-Kaisa, Heino Matti (2018) Tangled worlds: The Swedish, the Sámi and the reindeer. - International Journal of Historical Archaeology Online first, 1-23 [Original]
  • Salmi, Anna-Kaisa; Tranberg, Annemari; Nurmi, Risto (2018) Indigeneity, locality, modernity: Encounters and their effects on foodways in Early Modern Tornio. Facing Otherness in Early Modern Sweden : Travel, Migration and Material Transformations, 1500-1800. Naum, Magdalena; Ekengren, Fredrik. - Ei sarjaa/No series. Woodbridge. 47-60 [Original]
  • Salmi, Anna-Kaisa; Niinimäki, Sirpa (2016) Entheseal changes and pathological lesions in draught reindeer skeletons : Four case studies from present-day Siberia. - International Journal of Paleopathology 14, 91-99 . [Original]
  • Niinimäki, S.; Salmi, A-K. (2016) Entheseal Changes in Free-Ranging Versus Zoo Reindeer-Observing Activity Status of Reindeer. - International journal of osteoarchaeology 26 (2), 314-323 . [Original]
  • Salmi, Anna-Kaisa; Äikäs, Tiina; Fjellström, Markus; Spangen, Marte (2015) Animal offerings at Sámi offering site Unna Saiva : changing religious practices and human-animal relationships. - Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 40, 10-22
  • Äikäs, Tiina; Salmi, Anna-Kaisa (2015) North/South encounters at Sámi sacred sites in Northern Finland. - Historical Archaeology 49 (3), 90-109


Domestication in Action: Tracing Archaeological Markers of Human-Animal Interaction

The aim of the research is to create new methods and concepts for identification and interpretation of reindeer domestication among the Sámi of nor