Outdoor garden

The outdoor area of the Botanical Garden is a great place to enjoy diverse garden and park environment.

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Outdoor garden

The outdoor garden consists of built-in scientific sections, woodlands and grasslands. There are also ponds, hills and a network of more than 4 km of walkways in the area. The 16-hectare area, which extends to the lake Kuivasjärvi shore, is divided into six different sections.

Garden map.pdf

Economic and medicinal plants

The economical and medicinal plants section hosts, e.g., apple and berry orchards, vegetables, fodder plants, oil plants, spices, fiber plants, medicinal and herbal plants. Here you can see how diverse is the range or useful plants that can be grown in the northern regions as well.

In a small greenhouse you can find tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplants and pepper among other plants.

Section is surrounded by a mesh fence to protect the plants from hares.

The section is open to the public, but the gate should be remembered to keep closed.

Systematic section

Plant taxonomy and systematics, i.e. the evolutionary relationships between plant species and larger taxonomic groups are core content of knowledge in both biology and horticulture.

In the systematic section winter-hardy plant genera are presented familywise.

Native plants

Section of Native plants consists of wild vascular plants of Finland planted in various natural habitats.

In the area you will find two small ponds, dry and moist meadows, shore plants, groves and different forest types.

Dozens of plants classified as endangered have also been placed in the collections for ex situ conservation purposes. Lady's slipper (Cypripedium calceolus), bluntleaf sandwort (Moehringia lateriflora), large pink (Dianthus superbus), thorn rose (Rosa sherardii) or a Lapland buttercup (Coptidium lapponicum) can surprise a sharp-eyed visitor with its blooms.

The globeflower (Trollius europaeus) meadow by the pond, when blooming, represents the northern summer at its best.

Mountain plants

In the Fennoscandian mountain plant section, hundreds of arctic-alpine mountain tundra species are presented.

The low-stature species of shrubs, mosses and lichens, which have adapted to the harsh climate and soil conditions, as well as the species that grow along mountain streams, create an atmosphere of the fells of Lapland.

… purple saxifrage (Saxifraga oppositifolia), pincushion plant (Diapensia lapponica), lapland lousewort (Pedicularis lapponica), velvetbells (Bartsia alpina), mountain avens (Dryas octopetala), blue heath (Phyllodoce caerulea)

Ornamental plants

The ornamental plant section is located in the vicinity of the main gate, presenting a variety of both annual and perennial flower plants. From year to year, beautifully blooming peonies, many rare perennial plants and the splendor of summer flowers make the area a great favorite of visitors.

Big trees and ornamental shrubs are growing at the edges of the area.

There are many ornamental plants that are rare or not available in garden centers.


Arboretum (woody plant collection) is home to more than 600 different tree species divided into three areas according to the geographical origin of the plants.

The area of 10 hectares, which consists of subsections of Asia, Europe and North America, spreads to the edges of the garden area and border to natural forest as well as the shores of Lake Kuivasjärvi.

Arboretum also includes hill area with continental shrub species and meadow vegetation from Asian mountains, Central and Southern European mountains and North America.

… Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi), Manchurian ash (Fraxinus mandshurica), Amur linden (Tilia amurensis), yellow buckeye (Aesculus flava), western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla), northern red oak (Quercus rubra), Fraser fir (Abies fraseri)