University of Oulu, 2016

Minor studies

Minor studies may be compulsory in or you can study the minor as part of elective studies. Minors can make your degree look like you. Students are generally free to select a minor at the University of Oulu. However, there are minors that have participation restrictions. Detailed information about application procedures and admission criteria for minor subjects that have a limited study right can be found from faculty pages. Take into consideration that also degree structure defines which minor subjects, and how many minors, can be included in the degree. If there are no limitations, you can freely choose a minor from the University of Oulu selection, or from another Finnish university.  Information on available minor subjects and application procedures is available on faculty pages.

How to apply?

  1. See the degree structure of your programme. Find out how many minor studies (ECTS credits) can be included in your degree, and when (year/term/period) it is recommended to study minor studies.
  2. Take a look at which minors studies are offered at the University of Oulu. You can also take minors from another Finnish university using flexible study right agreement (JOO), or during your exchange studies at foreign university.
  3. Discuss the minor studies that interest you with your tutor teacher, when making a personal study plan (PSP). You can also discuss your minor studies plan with your degree programme study advisor or with the programme director.
  4. Find out the application period and other instructions about the application process.
  5. Apply to the minor during the application period, and remember to follow the instructions.

Minor subjects offered in the faculties of the University of Oulu

Etsi "Sinulle" sisällöistä se tutkinto-ohjelma, josta halua tehdä sivuaineen. 

You can find instructions specific to your own study programme below.

Minor subject studies in the Faculty of Education 2019-2020

Please note that the courses in Education in Transition, Learning, Education and Technology as well as Education for Intercultural Competences are in English, while the other subjects are mainly in Finnish. The Faculty of Humanities offers studies in English, German and Swedish philologies and the Oulu Business School offers two minors in English. See the each faculty's website to see about the application procedures. Also, English Philology is offered through the The Summer University of Northern Ostrobothnia. There are  possibilities to complete minors in English in other universities, like the Unipid minor Sustainability in Development.

A250507 Education for Intercultural Competencies 25 op

A250511 Education in Transition 25 op (Master’s phase)

A255110 Professional studies in special education 60 op (University of Lapland)

A255102 Special Education 25 op

A255202 Pre-school and primary education 25 op

A255301 Learning, Education and Technology 25 op

A250504 Basic studies in educational science 25 op

A250505 Subject studies in educational science 35 op

A255402 Arts education 25 op

A255902 Handicrafts/technical work/technology 25 credits

A256002 Handicrafts/textile work/technology 25 credits

A257401 Children´s culture 25 credits (not offered 19-20)

A255501 Physical education 25 op

A255702 Music 25 op

Music education 75 credits

A256402 Multidisciplinary Studies in the Subjects and Cross-Cullicular Themes Taught in Basic Education 60 credits

A212901 Basic studies in women's studies 25 credits

A212902 Intermediate studies in women's studies 35 credits

A250603 Basic studies in psychology 25 credits

A250604 Intermediate studies in psychology 35 credits

A211401 Basic studies in sociology 25 credits

A211402 Intermediate studies in sociology 35 credits

A791404 Basic studies in health education 25 credits

A791407 Intermediate studies in health education 35 credits

A256902 Professional studies in Early Childhood Education, 60 cr. (not offered 19-20)


Application period for minor studies was 5.2.-11.3.2019.

Biochemistry courses can be attended freely by students from other faculties of the Univesity of Oulu with only one restriction: we reserve right to not allow students to participate in the course if the work places available in the laboratory or equipment available are insufficient. Also for laboratory exercises the student must have sufficient prior practical experience.  

All courses and exams organized by faculty must be subscribed to via WebOodi before the relevant deadline. 

A record of biochemistry as a minor subject will be given when the amount of accepted studies is at least 15 credits (recorded as "Biochemistry studies"). For a minor in biochemistry 25 credits of biochemistry studies are required.

For some courses a laboratory-free variant is also offered to minor subject students (see the table below).

Courses for minor subject students:




Biomolecules (740148P)



Biomolecules for Bioscientists (740147)



Metabolism I (740149P)



Metabolism II (740367A)



Microbiology (740374A)



Molecular biology I (740373A)




Studying in the Faculty of Humanities is relatively free. In many fields of study the students can build up their degree depending on where their interests lay.

Minor subjects are important aspects of the student’s degree. They form nearly 60% of the Candidate’s degree and about one-third of the Master’s degree. Students familiarize themselves with the minor subject options when putting together their personal study plan (PSP).

The faculty annually arranges an information session on minor subjects and, every spring, the Humanities Guild organizes the Humanistien työllistymispäivät event (‘Employment Opportunities in the Humanities’), which educates students about the impact of minor subject choices on future employment prospects.

When choosing a minor subject, sudents can to use the university’s expert resources, i.e. theteacher tutors, Education Designers and the university’s Student and Career Counselling services.

The major subjects offered by the faculty can all be studied as minor subject. To find out more, choose the subject of your interest from menu above.

In addition the Faculty of Humanities offers following minor subjects:


Minor Studies 2020–2021 in Oulu Business School 

In academic year 2020-2021 Oulu Business School organizes minor studies in English (below) which are aimed at degree students in the University of Oulu. Oulu Business School offers also other minor study modules that are taught mostly in Finnish, but can be chosen if the student's Finnish skills are good enough. All minors have their own study guide in WebOodi.

A631401 Entrepreneurship, Minor Studies, 25 ECTS cr         
A635801 Basic Business Studies, Minor Studies, 25-40 ECTS cr (online education)

The students who have registered in the University of Oulu are not required apply for a study right in minor studies in the Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering. It is possible to choose minor studies in the following Degree Programmes: Information Processing Sciences, Computer Science and Engineering and Electronics and Communications Engineering. You can join freely to courses in minor studies but please take into consideration the possible participation restrictions.


You can study 25 credits’ (approbatur) or 60 credits’ (cum laude approbatur) worth of information processing science as your minor.

Students of the University of Oulu need not separately apply for the right to study information processing science as a minor. They can freely attend all courses included in the minor scope, provided that there is no limit for the number of students per course.

Compulsory course

810136P Introduction to information processing sciences 5
Getting started with programming or
Introduction to programming


Optional courses

813316A Business Process Modelling 5
811177P Humans as users and developers of information technology 5
521150A Introduction to Internet 5
811122P Introduction to programming 5
811375A User interface programming 5
811379A Introduction to human-computer interaction 5
815345A Software architectures 5
811174P Introduction to software business 5
811346A Software engineering 5
811118P Getting started with programming 5
812339A Advanced object-oriented programming 5
812341A Object-oriented programming 5
812342A Object-oriented analysis and design 5
812305A Information systems in organisations 5
812332A Information systems design 5
811167P Introduction to information systems design 5
811394A Database systems 5
811395A Basics of databases 5
810122P Computer architecture 5
811312A Data structures and algorithms 5
811168P Information security 5
811391A Requirements engineering 5


Minor studies in health sciences: University level study modules of at least 25 ECTS credits, according to the student's Personal Study Plan, and completed at the University of Oulu or other universities. For further advice on minor study requirements, see the WebOodi course catalog of your degree programme.

Minor subject studies in Computer Science and Engineering are 25 ECTS cr (approbatur) or 60 ECTS cr  (cum laude approbatur) studies. Student of University of Oulu don’t need to apply separately for Minor subjects studies. Courses of Minor subject studies can participated freely. However students should take into account limited number of participants.

Minor subject studies in Computer Science and Engineering have 15 ECTS cr compulsory studies. The remaining studies are optional.

Compulsory Studies   Laajuus/ECTS cr Period
521141P Elementary Programming 5 1
521160P Artificial Intelligence 5 4
521287A Introduction to Computer Systems 5 1 ja 2
Valinnaiset opinnot      
521145A Human Computr Interaction 5 2
521150A Introduction to Internet 5 4

Applied Computing Project I

10 1- 4
521157A Introduction to Social Network Analysis 5 2
521159P Principles of Digital Fabrication 5 4
521337A Digital Filters 5 3

Digital Image Processing 

5 1
521484A Statistical Signal Processing 5 4
521495A Artificial Intelligence 5 3
521453A Operating Systems 5 4
521457A Software Engineering 5 3
521275A Embedded Software Project 8 2,3 ja 4

Mathematical Structures for Computer Science

5 1

You can choose 25 ECTS cr. or 60 ECTS cr. minor studies in the field of  Electronics and Communications Engineering. The students who have registered in the University of Oulu are not required apply for a study right in minor studies. You can join freely to courses in minor studies but please take into consideration the possible participation restrictions. 

Compulsory Studies      

521077P    Introduction to Electronics, 5 ECTS cr
521109A    Electrical Measurement Principles, 5 op
521301A    Digital Techniques 1, 8 op
521330A    Telecommunication Engineering, 5 op


521329A    Hands-on Course in Wireless Communication, 5 ECTS cr
521302A    Circuit Theory 1, 5 ECTS cr
521104P    Introduction to Material Physics, 5 ECTS cr
521071A    Principles of Semiconductor Devices, 5 ECTS cr
521431A    Principles of Electronics Design, 5 ECTS cr
521070A    Introduction to Microfabrication Techniques, 5 ECTS cr
521307A    Laboratory Exercises on Analogue Electronics, 5 ECTS cr
521384A    Basics in Radio Engineering , 5 ECTS cr
521432A    Electronics Design I, 5 ECTS cr
521092A    Electronic Measurement Techniques, 5 ECTS cr

Poikkeavat sivuainekokonaisuudet tulee hyväksyttää elektroniikan ja tietoliikennetekniikan koulutussuunnittelijalla.

Sovelletun ja laskennallisen matematiikan sivuaineopinnot

Sovelletussa ja laskennallisessa matematiikassa voi suorittaa 25 opintopisteen tai 60 opintopisteen laajuiset sivuaineopinnot.

25 ja 60 opintopisteen pakolliset sivuaineopinnot:  

031010P Calculus I, 5 ECTS cr
031075P Calculus II, 5 ECTS cr
031078P Matrix Algebra, 5 ECTS cr
031076P Differential Equations, 5 ECTS cr
031021P Probability and Mathematical Statistics, 5 ECTS cr

Edellisten lisäksi 60 opintopisteen sivuaineopinnoissa:

Compulsory Studies:
031022P Numerical Analysis, 5 ECTS cr

60 opintopisteen sivuaineopintojen valinnaiset (30 op):

031077P Complex Analysis, 5 ECTS cr
031023P Mathematical Structures for Computer Science, 5 ECTS cr
031025A Introduction to Optimization, 5 ECTS cr  
031080A Signal Analysis ,5 ECTS cr
031079S Mathematical Signal Processing, 5 ECTS cr
031051S Numerical Matrix Analysis, 5 ECTS cr
031084S Graph Theory, 5 ECTS cr
031085S Special course on differential equations, 5 ECTS cr

60 opintopisteen sivuaineopintoihin voi sisällyttää myös erikseen sovittavia, valinnaisten kurssien listan ulkopuolisia kursseja. Poikkeavat sivuainekokonaisuudet tulee hyväksyttää elektroniikan ja tietoliikennetekniikan koulutussuunnittelijalla.

Cultural Anthropology as a minor subject

Besides attracting a steady flow of incoming major students, Cultural Anthropology has long been a popular minor subject at the University of Oulu. Indeed, it complements well many other fields in the Humanities, Social Sciences, and Natural Sciences.

All students of the University of Oulu may study the basic studies of Cultural Anthropology and Archeology as a minor subject freely. However, the right to study the intermediate and advanced studies in Cultural Anthropology must be requested separately from the Professor of Cultural Anthropology. 

Contact information:

Hannu I. Heikkinen, Professor
hannu.i.heikkinen (at)



English as a minor subject

Students already enrolled at the University of Oulu for some other main subject may recieve the study right for English as a minor subject after successfully passing a separate entrance examination. The study right covers Basic Studies in English  (25 ECTS) and Intermediate Studies in English (35 ECTS). The examination is arranged annually in spring; applicants should sign up for this examination through WebOodi. The examination is held simultaneously with the main subject entrance examination, see the date and place above. The sign-up time for the minor subject entrance examination starts at the beginning of March. The requirements (and the readings) are the same as for the major subject examination (see above). More detailed information about the sign up will be available on the English website (news items) in February.

Last updated: 22.6.2020