University of Oulu, 2016

Minor studies

Minor studies may be compulsory in or you can study the minor as part of elective studies. Minors can make your degree look like you. Students are generally free to select a minor at the University of Oulu. Information on available minor studies is available at Peppi study guide. Please note that there are minors that have participation restrictions. Detailed information about application procedures and admission criteria for minor subjects that have a limited study right can be found from Peppi study guide. Take into consideration that also degree structure defines which minor subjects, and how many minors, can be included in the degree. If there are no limitations, you can freely choose a minor from the University of Oulu selection, or from another Finnish university.  

How to apply?

  1. See the degree structure of your programme. Find out how many minor studies (ECTS credits) can be included in your degree, and when (year/term/period) it is recommended to study minor studies.
  2. Take a look at Peppi study guide to see which minors studies are offered at the University of Oulu. You can also take minors from another Finnish university using flexible study right agreement (JOO), or during your exchange studies at foreign university.
  3. Discuss the minor studies that interest you with your tutor teacher, when making a personal study plan (PSP). You can also discuss your minor studies plan with your degree programme study advisor or with the programme director.
  4. Find out the application period and other instructions about the application process.
  5. Apply to the minor during the application period, and remember to follow the instructions.

Minor subjects offered in the faculties of the University of Oulu

Minor studies are presented in the Peppi study guide.


You can find instructions specific to your own study programme below.

Faculty of Education

Minor Studies for students at the Faculty of Education

Students at the Faculty of Education have the possibility (depending on their degree structure) to complete minor studies and elective studies at their own faculty, other faculties at the University of Oulu, Oulu Open University studies, as well as The Summer University of Northern Ostrobothnia. You can also complete minor studies in other universities at your own expense and include the in your degree (if your degree structure allows this).

One example minors in English in other universities is Unipid minor Sustainability in Development.

When choosing a minor, you should pay attention to
a) Degree structure – the number of free minors in your degree
b) Including your minor studies in your PSP

1. Minor studies offered by the Faculty of Education
You can find information on the minor studies offered by the faculty at Peppi. Please note that some of these minors are so called open minors, which means you can sign up for courses in Weboodi or Tuudo, and some of them you have to apply for during the Spring application round for minor studies. Please follow our communication and remember to apply in the Spring application round! The application and selection criteria as well as the list of minor studies offered will be updated yearly.

Please note that the courses in Education in Transition, Digital Technologies in Teaching and Learning as well as Education for Intercultural Competences are in English, while the other subjects are mainly in Finnish.

2. Minor studies offered by other Faculties
You can find the minor studies offered by other faculties at Peppi. The Faculty of Humanities offers studies in English, German and Swedish philologies and the Oulu Business School offers two minors in English. Applying: ask more information from the Academic Affairs Service Team.

3. Open University of Oulu
Studies at the Open University of Oulu are free of charge to a degree student registered present at the University of Oulu. You may sign up for courses according to instructions of the Open university. Please note that some of the Open university courses offered by Faculty of Education are included in the Spring application round for minor studies. Please apply for health education and special education minor studies in the Spring application round, or in the additional application round in the Autumn, should there be places left after the first round. The Faculty will provide you with more specific instructions on how to sign up for those minor studies you apply for during the Spring application round. Read more: Open university studies in English. Please note that the selection of studies offered in English is very limited.

N.B. Open university’s studies during academic year 2020-2021 are free of charge for those who have graduated during the year 2020, read more.

4. The Summer University of Northern Ostrobothnia
A student registered present at the University of Oulu can complete studies included in their PSP at the Summer University of Northern Ostrobothnia. The courses provided by The Summer University during academic year 2020-2021 are free of charge for degree students, if the courses are included in their PSP. Please contact your degree programme’s education designer (the Academic Affairs Service Team) if you wish to update your PSP. If teaching is free, it will be separately mentioned in the course description of the courses. Please visit the website: The Summer University of Northern Ostrobothnia. Please note that the selection of studies offered in English is very limited. 

If the PSP is approved and a student is thus given a payment agreement to studies, this study entity will be counted as minor studies paid by the Faculty of Education. The Faculty of Education will not offer a payment agreement to additional minor studies, or free elective studies that do not fit in their degree’s minimum amount of ECTS credits. This payment agreement only applies to courses/study modules that are completed, so please take this into consideration when timing your studies.

In this case PSP refers to WebOodi PSP. If you are unable to find the correct PSP template connected to your study right in Weboodi, please send a message to and request an addition of degree structure/PSP template.

5. Studies after graduation
Please note that you may complement your competencies at the University of Oulu after graduation.

a) You can apply for a complementary study right when you apply for graduation, and it allows you to

  • complete minor studies you have been given a study right to during your degree studies
  • study free minor studies at the University of Oulu, or
  • study other separate study modules offered by the University of Oulu

b) Later after graduation you may apply for a non-degree study right, which may be granted for valid reasons to single courses or a study module. These studies will cost a student 10€/ECTS credit and the study right will be granted if there are available seats at the course or study module.

c) You can also complement your competencies later via Open University as a fee-paying customer, or perhaps find interesting studies via continuing education.

Faculty of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine

Biochemistry courses can be attended freely by students from other faculties of the Univesity of Oulu with only one restriction: we reserve right to not allow students to participate in the course if the work places available in the laboratory or equipment available are insufficient. Also for laboratory exercises the student must have sufficient prior practical experience.  

All courses and exams organized by faculty must be subscribed to via WebOodi before the relevant deadline. 

A record of biochemistry as a minor subject will be given when the amount of accepted studies is at least 15 credits (recorded as "Biochemistry studies"). For a minor in biochemistry 25 credits of biochemistry studies are required.

For some courses a laboratory-free variant is also offered to minor subject students (see the table below).

Courses for minor subject students:




Biomolecules (740148P)



Biomolecules for Bioscientists (740147)



Metabolism I (740149P)



Metabolism II (740367A)



Microbiology (740374A)



Molecular biology I (740373A)



Biochemical methodologies I (740144P) (lecture part 3.5 credits in autumn) 8 Autumn-Spring

Faculty of Humanities

Studying in the Faculty of Humanities is relatively free. In many fields of study the students can build up their degree depending on where their interests lay.

Minor subjects are important aspects of the student’s degree. They form nearly 60% of the Candidate’s degree and about one-third of the Master’s degree. Students familiarize themselves with the minor subject options when putting together their personal study plan (PSP).

The faculty annually arranges an information session on minor subjects and, every spring, the Humanities Guild organizes the Humanistien työllistymispäivät event (‘Employment Opportunities in the Humanities’), which educates students about the impact of minor subject choices on future employment prospects.

When choosing a minor subject, sudents can to use the university’s expert resources, i.e. theteacher tutors, Education Designers and the university’s Student and Career Counselling services.

The major subjects offered by the faculty can all be studied as minor subject. To find out more, choose the subject of your interest from menu above.

In addition the Faculty of Humanities offers following minor subjects:


Oulu Business School

Minor Studies 2020–2021 in Oulu Business School 

In academic year 2020-2021 Oulu Business School organizes minor studies in English (below) which are aimed at degree students in the University of Oulu. Oulu Business School offers also other minor study modules that are taught mostly in Finnish, but can be chosen if the student's Finnish skills are good enough. All minors have their own study guide in WebOodi.

A631401 Entrepreneurship, Minor Studies, 25 ECTS cr         
A635801 Basic Business Studies, Minor Studies, 25-40 ECTS cr (online education)

Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering

The students who have registered in the University of Oulu are not required apply for a study right in minor studies in the Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering. It is possible to choose minor studies in the following Degree Programmes: Information Processing Sciences, Computer Science and Engineering and Electronics and Communications Engineering. You can join freely to courses in minor studies but please take into consideration the possible participation restrictions.


Information Processing Science

You can study 25 credits’ (approbatur) or 60 credits’ (cum laude approbatur) worth of information processing science as your minor.

Students of the University of Oulu need not separately apply for the right to study information processing science as a minor. They can freely attend all courses included in the minor scope, provided that there is no limit for the number of students per course.

Compulsory course

810136P Introduction to information processing sciences 5
Getting started with programming or
Introduction to programming


Optional courses

813316A Business Process Modelling 5
811177P Humans as users and developers of information technology 5
521150A Introduction to Internet 5
811122P Introduction to programming 5
811375A User interface programming 5
811379A Introduction to human-computer interaction 5
815345A Software architectures 5
811174P Introduction to software business 5
811346A Software engineering 5
811118P Getting started with programming 5
812339A Advanced object-oriented programming 5
812341A Object-oriented programming 5
812342A Object-oriented analysis and design 5
812305A Information systems in organisations 5
812332A Information systems design 5
811167P Introduction to information systems design 5
811394A Database systems 5
811395A Basics of databases 5
810122P Computer architecture 5
811312A Data structures and algorithms 5
811168P Information security 5
811391A Requirements engineering 5


Health Sciences

Minor studies in health sciences: University level study modules of at least 25 ECTS credits, according to the student's Personal Study Plan, and completed at the University of Oulu or other universities. For further advice on minor study requirements, see the WebOodi course catalog of your degree programme.

Computer Science and Engineering

Minor subject studies in Computer Science and Engineering are 25 ECTS cr (approbatur) or 60 ECTS cr  (cum laude approbatur) studies. Student of University of Oulu don’t need to apply separately for Minor subjects studies. Courses of Minor subject studies can participated freely. However students should take into account limited number of participants.

Minor subject studies in Computer Science and Engineering have 15 ECTS cr compulsory studies. The remaining studies are optional.

Compulsory Studies   Laajuus/ECTS cr Period
521141P Elementary Programming 5 1
521160P Artificial Intelligence 5 4
521287A Introduction to Computer Systems 5 1 ja 2
Valinnaiset opinnot      
521145A Human Computr Interaction 5 2
521150A Introduction to Internet 5 4

Applied Computing Project I

10 1- 4
521157A Introduction to Social Network Analysis 5 2
521159P Principles of Digital Fabrication 5 4
521337A Digital Filters 5 3

Digital Image Processing 

5 1
521484A Statistical Signal Processing 5 4
521495A Artificial Intelligence 5 3
521453A Operating Systems 5 4
521457A Software Engineering 5 3
521275A Embedded Software Project 8 2,3 ja 4

Mathematical Structures for Computer Science

5 1

Electronics and Communications Engineering

You can choose 25 ECTS cr. or 60 ECTS cr. minor studies in the field of  Electronics and Communications Engineering. The students who have registered in the University of Oulu are not required apply for a study right in minor studies. You can join freely to courses in minor studies but please take into consideration the possible participation restrictions. 

Compulsory Studies      

521077P    Introduction to Electronics, 5 ECTS cr
521109A    Electrical Measurement Principles, 5 op
521301A    Digital Techniques 1, 8 op
521330A    Telecommunication Engineering, 5 op


521329A    Hands-on Course in Wireless Communication, 5 ECTS cr
521302A    Circuit Theory 1, 5 ECTS cr
521104P    Introduction to Material Physics, 5 ECTS cr
521071A    Principles of Semiconductor Devices, 5 ECTS cr
521431A    Principles of Electronics Design, 5 ECTS cr
521070A    Introduction to Microfabrication Techniques, 5 ECTS cr
521307A    Laboratory Exercises on Analogue Electronics, 5 ECTS cr
521384A    Basics in Radio Engineering , 5 ECTS cr
521432A    Electronics Design I, 5 ECTS cr
521092A    Electronic Measurement Techniques, 5 ECTS cr

Poikkeavat sivuainekokonaisuudet tulee hyväksyttää elektroniikan ja tietoliikennetekniikan koulutussuunnittelijalla.

Sovelletun ja laskennallisen matematiikan sivuaineopinnot

Sovelletussa ja laskennallisessa matematiikassa voi suorittaa 25 opintopisteen tai 60 opintopisteen laajuiset sivuaineopinnot.

25 ja 60 opintopisteen pakolliset sivuaineopinnot:  

031010P Calculus I, 5 ECTS cr
031075P Calculus II, 5 ECTS cr
031078P Matrix Algebra, 5 ECTS cr
031076P Differential Equations, 5 ECTS cr
031021P Probability and Mathematical Statistics, 5 ECTS cr

Edellisten lisäksi 60 opintopisteen sivuaineopinnoissa:

Compulsory Studies:
031022P Numerical Analysis, 5 ECTS cr

60 opintopisteen sivuaineopintojen valinnaiset (30 op):

031077P Complex Analysis, 5 ECTS cr
031023P Mathematical Structures for Computer Science, 5 ECTS cr
031025A Introduction to Optimization, 5 ECTS cr  
031080A Signal Analysis ,5 ECTS cr
031079S Mathematical Signal Processing, 5 ECTS cr
031051S Numerical Matrix Analysis, 5 ECTS cr
031084S Graph Theory, 5 ECTS cr
031085S Special course on differential equations, 5 ECTS cr

60 opintopisteen sivuaineopintoihin voi sisällyttää myös erikseen sovittavia, valinnaisten kurssien listan ulkopuolisia kursseja. Poikkeavat sivuainekokonaisuudet tulee hyväksyttää elektroniikan ja tietoliikennetekniikan koulutussuunnittelijalla.

Cultural Anthropology

Cultural Anthropology as a minor subject

Besides attracting a steady flow of incoming major students, Cultural Anthropology has long been a popular minor subject at the University of Oulu. Indeed, it complements well many other fields in the Humanities, Social Sciences, and Natural Sciences.

All students of the University of Oulu may study the basic studies of Cultural Anthropology and Archeology as a minor subject freely. However, the right to study the intermediate and advanced studies in Cultural Anthropology must be requested separately from the Professor of Cultural Anthropology. 

Contact information:

Hannu I. Heikkinen, Professor
hannu.i.heikkinen (at)




English as a minor subject

Students already enrolled at the University of Oulu for some other main subject may recieve the study right for English as a minor subject after successfully passing a separate entrance examination. The study right covers Basic Studies in English  (25 ECTS) and Intermediate Studies in English (35 ECTS). The examination is arranged annually in spring; applicants should sign up for this examination through WebOodi. The examination is held simultaneously with the main subject entrance examination, see the date and place above. The sign-up time for the minor subject entrance examination starts at the beginning of March. The requirements (and the readings) are the same as for the major subject examination (see above). More detailed information about the sign up will be available on the English website (news items) in February.

Last updated: 8.10.2020