Prof. Eva Pongrácz

Eva Pongracz

D.Sc.(Tech.), Dr.Univ., Lic.Sc.(Tech.), M.Sc.(Tech.)

Energy systems and environmental engineering

62 peer reviewed publications in international journals. The publications have been cited 1257 times, of which the most cited publication accounts for 112 citations. The author has a h-index of 21.00. (Scopus)


Prof. Eva Pongrácz is vice-head of the Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering research unit at the Faculty of Technology. She is an environmental engineer with a keen understanding of sustainable development. Her research focus is in energy transition and circular economy, with a special attention on arctic issues. She is also leading the energy and environmental engineering research group, which focuses on smart energy systems, renewable energy, decarbonization and critical material recycling. She has an extensive collaboration network and project experience across the Northern Periphery and Arctic region, promoting environmental protection, decentralized energy solutions and sustainable regional development.

Research interests

  • Smart and sustainable energy systems
  • Circular economy
  • Energy transition
  • Waste management
  • Environmental goods and services in the North
  • Sustainable development

Research groups

  • Vice-Head of Research Unit, Water Energy and Environmental Engineering
  • Head of research group, Energy and Environmental Engineering RG

Selected publications

  • Pongrácz, Eva & Pohjola, Veikko (2004) Re-defining waste, the concept of ownership and the role of waste management. - Resources, conservation and recycling 40, 141-153
  • Pongrácz Eva (2009) Through Waste Prevention Towards Corporate Sustainability: Analysis of the Concept of Waste and a Review of Attitudes Towards Waste Prevention. - Sustainable Development 17, 92-101
  • Pohjola, Veikko J. & Pongrácz, Eva (2002) Approach to the formal theory of waste management. - Resources, conservation and recycling 35 (1-2), 17-29
  • Louis, Jean-Nicolas; Caló, Antonio; Leiviskä, Kauko; Pongrácz, Eva (2014) A Methodology for Accounting the CO2 Emissions of Electricity Generation in Finland - The contribution of home automation to decarbonisation in the residential sector. - International Journal on Advances in Intelligent Systems 8 (3&4), 560-571 . [Original] [Self-archived]
  • Louis, Jean-Nicolas; Calo, Antonio; Pongracz, Eva (2014) Smart Houses for Energy Efficiency and Carbon Dioxide Emission Reduction. (Artikkeli tieteellisessä konferenssijulkaisussa). - ENERGY 2014, The Fourth International Conference on Smart Grids, Green Communications and IT Energy-aware Technologies. April 20 - 25, 2014 Chamonix, France. Fries, Steffen; Dini, Petre. Ei sarjaa/No series. 44-50, 30038. [Original]
  • Louis, Jean-Nicolas; Caló, Antonio; Leiviskä, Kauko; Pongrácz, Eva (2015) Environmental Impacts and Benefits of Smart Home Automation : Life Cycle Assessment of Home Energy Management System. (Artikkeli tieteellisessä konferenssijulkaisussa). - 8th Vienna International Conferenceon Mathematical Modelling - MATHMOD 2015. Breitenecker, Felix; Kugi, Andreas; Troch, Inge. IFAC-PapersOnLine. Vienna. 880-885. [Original] [Self-archived]
  • Caló, Antonio; Juuso, Esko; Svento, Rauli; Pongrácz, Eva (2012) Smart Energy Networks in the Northern Periphery : Development of an End-User Oriented Profiled Hybrid Micro-Grid Simulator. (Artikkeli tieteellisessä konferenssijulkaisussa). - Proceedings, Mathmod, 7th Vienna Conference on Mathematical Modelling, February 14-17, 2012, Vienna University of Technology. Full Papers. F. Breitenecker; I. Troch. S38. Vienna. 1-6, 412
  • Piñero, Pablo; Heikkinen, Mari; Mäenpää, Ilmo; Pongrácz, Eva (2015) Sector aggregation bias in environmentally extended input output modeling of raw material flows in Finland. - Ecological economics 119, 217-229 . [Original] [Self-archived]
  • Pinero, Pablo; Cazcarro, Ignacio; Arto, Inaki; Mäenpää, Ilmo; Juutinen, Artti; Pongracz, Eva (2018) Accounting for Raw Material Embodied in Imports by Multi-regional Input-Output Modelling and Life Cycle Assessment, Using Finland as a Study Case. - Ecological economics 152, 40-50 . [Original]
  • Pongrácz, Eva; Ylä-Mella, Jenni; Keiski, Riitta L.; Phillips, P. S.; Tanskanen, P. & Kaakinen, J. (2005) Impact of the European waste electrical and electronic equipment directive (WEEE): Development of mobile phone recovery strategies in Finland. - Journal of solid waste technology and management 31 (2), 102-111
  • Pongrácz, Eva; Ylä-Mella, Jenni; Tanskanen, P. & Keiski, Riitta (2008) Conceptual analysis of electronic waste: Revisiting the definition of waste and the classes of waste. (Artikkeli tieteellisessä konferenssijulkaisussa). - The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management. Eds. I. Zahdi; R.L. Mersky & W.K. Shieh. Chester, PA, USA, Widener University. 359-365
  • Piippo, Sari; Juntunen, Arttu; Kurppa, Sirpa; Pongrácz, Eva (2014) The use of bio-waste to revegetate eroded land areas in Ylläs, Northern Finland : Toward a zero waste perspective of tourism in the Finnish Lapland. - Resources, conservation and recycling 93, 9-22 . [Original]
  • Piippo, Sari; Saavalainen, Paula; Kaakinen, Juhani; Pongrácz, Eva (2015) Strategic waste management planning - the organization of municipal solid waste collection in Oulu, Finland. - Pollack Periodica 10 (2), 145-156 . [Original]
  • Tomperi, Jani; Luoma, Tuulikki; Pongrácz, Eva; Leiviskä, Kauko (2014) Energy potential of biodegradable wastes in Kolari. - Pollack Periodica 9 (Supplement 1), 5-15 . [Original]
  • Niemistö, Johanna; Saavalainen, Paula; Pongracz, Eva; Keiski, Riitta L. (2013) Biobutanol as a potential sustainable biofuel - Assessment of lignocellulosic and waste-based feedstocks. - Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems 1 (2), 58-77 . [Original]
  • Saavalainen, Paula; Kabra, Satish; Turpeinen, Esa; Oravisjärvi, Kati; Yadav, Ganapati D.; Keiski, Riitta L.; Pongracz, Eva (2015) Sustainability assessment of chemical processes : evaluation of three synthesis routes of DMC. - Journal of chemistry -, 402315 . [Original]
  • Lorite, Gabriela S.; Rocha, Joao M.; Miilumaki, Noora; Saavalainen, Paula; Selkälä, Tuula; Morales-Cid, Gabriel; Gonçalves, M.P.; Pongracz, Eva; Rocha, Cristina M.R.; Toth, Geza (2017) Evaluation of physicochemical/microbial properties and life cycle assessment (LCA) of PLA-based nanocomposite active packaging. - Lwt: food science and technology 75, 305-315 . [Original]
  • Suopajärvi, Hannu; Pongrácz, Eva; Fabritius, Timo (2013) The potential of using biomass-based reducing agents in the blast furnace: A review of thermochemical conversion technologies and assessments related to sustainability. - Renewable and sustainable energy reviews 25, 511-528 . [Original]
  • Suopajärvi, Hannu; Pongracz, Eva; Fabritius, Timo (2014) Bioreducer use in Finnish blast furnace ironmaking – Analysis of CO2 emission reduction potential and mitigation cost. - Applied Energy 124, 82-93 . [Original]
  • Reinik, Janek; Heinmaa, Ivo; Kirso, Uuve; Kallaste, Toivo; Ritamaki, Johannes; Bostrom, Dan; Pongracz, Eva; Huuhtanen, Mika; Larsson, William; Keiski, Riitta; Kordas, Krisztián; Mikkola, Jyri-Pekka (2011) Alkaline modified oil shale fly ash: Optimal synthesis conditions and preliminary tests on CO(2) adsorption. - Journal of hazardous materials 196, 180-186
  • Reinik, Janek; Heinmaa, Ivo; Ritamäki, Johannes; Boström, Dan; Pongracz, Eva; Huuhtanen, Mika; Larsson, William; Keiski, Riitta; Kordas, Krisztian; Mikkola, Jyri-Pekka (2014) Direct CO2 sequestration onto alkaline modified oil shale fly ash. - Oil Shale 31 (1), 79-90
  • Pap Nora, Kertesz Szabolcs, Pongrácz Eva, Myllykoski Liisa, Keiski Riitta, Vatai Gyula, László Zsuzsa, Beszédes Sándor, Hodúr Cecilia (2009) Concentration of blackcurrant juice by reverse osmosis. - Desalination 241 (1-3), 256-264
  • Pap Nora; Mahosenaho Mika; Pongrácz Eva; Mikkonen Helmi; Jaakkola Mari; Virtanen Vesa; Myllykoski Liisa; Horváth-Hovorka Zsuzsanna; Hodúr Cecília; Vata Gyulai; Keiski Riitta L (2012) Effect of Ultrafiltration on Anthocyanin and Flavonol Content of Black Currant Juice (Ribes nigrum L.). - Food and Bioprocess Technology 5 (3), 921-928
  • Pongrácz E, Turpeinen E, Raudaskoski R, Ballivet-Tkatchenko D and Keiski RL (2009) CO2: from waste to resource for methanol-based processes. - Proceedings of the ICE - Waste and Resource Management 162 (WR4), 215-220
  • Raudaskoski, R., Turpeinen, E., Lenkkeri, R., Pongracz, E., Keiski, R.L. (2009) Catalytic activation of CO2: Use of secondary CO2 for the production of synthesis gas and for methanol synthesis over copper-based zirconia-containing catalysts. - Catalysis Today 144, 318-323
  • Pongrácz, Eva; Raudaskoski, Riitta; Turpeinen, Esa; Leiviskä, Kauko; Keiski, Riitta L.; Mikkola, J-P. & Ballivet-Tkatchenko, D. (2006) Ongelmasta hyödyke: hiilidioksidi metanolin ja dimetyylikarbonaatin raaka-aineena. - Suomen teollisen ekologian seuran jäsenlehti (1), 5-6
  • Turpeinen, Esa; Raudaskoski, Riitta; Pongrácz, Eva & Keiski, Riitta Liisa (2008) Thermodynamic analysis of conversion of alternative hydrocarbon-based feedstocks to hydrogen. - International journal of hydrogen energy 33, 6635-6643
  • Fedorova, Elena; Pongracz, Eva (2019) Cumulative social effect assessment framework to evaluate the accumulation of social sustainability benefits of regional bioenergy value chains. - Renewable energy 131, 1073-1088 . [Original] [Self-archived]

Thesis supervisions

Jenni Ylä-Mella: Strengths and challenges in the Finnish waste electrical and electronic equipment recovery system in Finland. Consumers’ perceptions and participation. Doctoral dissertation. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series C Technica 548
  • The national implementation of the WEEE Directive and the development of WEEE recovery infrastructure in Finland were studied

  • Consumers’ awareness and perceptions toward the WEEE recovery system were assessed through a survey conducted in Oulu

  • The role of consumer behaviour in storing electronics at home and its impact were considered.

  • Available on-line

Jean-Nicolas Louis: Dynamic environmental indicators for smart homes. Assessing the role of home energy management systems in achieving decarbonisation goals in the residential sector. Doctoral dissertation. Acta UO, C 599.
  • This thesis evaluates the impact of home automation for electricity management in residential sector using environmental and economic indicators.

  • To this end, a life cycle assessment was performed to evaluate the impacts of the manufacturing, use and disposal phases.

  • Dynamic environmental indicators using the ReCiPe model were also developed

  • Available on-line

Pablo Piñero: The metabolism of socio-economic systems : combination of input-output analysis and material flow accounting for footprint-type indicators. Doctoral dissertation. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series C Technica 733
  • This thesis explored innovative ways to improve estimation of material footprint-type indicators in application of Input-Output (IO) analysis to Material Flow Accounting.

  • The study of material flows at inter- and intra-national level demonstrated that a regional economy can play a twofold role, both as sink or source of raw materials and in value added, depending on its position in the global economic hierarchy.

  • Available online


Circular economy

Transition Pathways to Circular Economy

Transition to a circular economy is seen as an essential condition to respond to the challenge of the sustainable use of natural resources in the f

Energy- and cost-efficient production of solar energy under arctic environmental conditions

This project focuses on opportunities to enable a sustainable energy production under Arctic environmental conditions and an energy-autonomous indi