Linguistic and bodily involvement in multicultural interactions


Project description

In this project, we study linguistically asymmetric, multicultural interactions involving migrants and native Finnish speakers. Migrants’ possibilities to use their native languages are limited in Finnish society, which leads to linguistic asymmetries in their everyday interactions. Combining different linguistic and bodily resources may help strengthen one’s involvement in everyday face-to-face interactions, which, in turn, form the basis of society at large. We conduct interactional linguistic and conversation analytic studies of video recorded social encounters to find out how people’s use of different languages (multilingualism) intertwines with touch, gaze and other bodily means (multimodality). We bring this together with a discourse analytic study of group interviews; the ideologies and concurrent ways of speaking that influence migrants’ social involvement. By using these two methodologies we can examine both how people interact in real life situations and on what their thoughts and underlying ideologies are regarding those interactions. LinBo deepens our understanding of asymmetric multicultural interactions and migrants’ involvement in society and of the interplay of multilingual and multimodal resources in interaction.

Project members: Maria Frick (PI), Liisa-Maria Lehto, Ivana Leinonen, Kaarina Mononen (2020-), Katriina Rantala, Elina Vittaniemi

Project coordinator

University of Oulu

Project results


Endesfelder Quick, Antje, Dorota Gaskins, Maria Frick, Elina Palola & Oksana Bailleul (in preparation): Code-mixing in bilingual children as a communicative advantage: A cross-linguistic comparison of MLU scores

Frick, Maria (in preparation): Multimodal language use in bipartite constructions

Gaskins, Dorota, Maria Frick, Elina Palola & Antje Endesfelder Quick (2019): Towards a usage-based model of early code-switching. Evidence from three language pairsApplied linguistics review.

Leinonen, Ivana (in preparation): Multimodal resources and L1 insertions as a part of a word searches in everyday ELF interactions

Rantala, Katriina (in preparation): Osoittava ele S2-oppijoiden pyynnöissä. Kieliopin ja kehollisen toiminnan suhde

Master's theses:

Poutiainen, Mari (2019): Au pair korjattavana ja opetettavana. Multimodaalinen vuorovaikutusanalyysi.

Bachelor's theses:

Näkkäläjärvi, Inker-Elli (2020): What do you have food mukana äiti? Monikielisen lapsen vuorojen pituus ja kompleksisuus.

Vittaniemi, Elina (2020): Kokouskeskustelun palauttaminen käsiteltävään aiheeseen. Puheenjohtajan kehollinen toiminta.

Research groups

  • SIIN (Social Interaction and Involvement)
  • COACT (Complexity of (inter)action and multimodal participation)
  • Northern Sociolinguistic Encounters (NSE)


Maria Frick

Maria Frick

Adjunct Professor, University Lecturer