Green energy city

Energy efficient pathway for the city transformation: Enabling a positive future

Making City

  • The MAKING-CITY project received funding from the H2020 Programme under grant agreement n°824418

Project description


The main purpose of this project is to realize positive energy districts (PEDs) in two different cities: Oulu and Groningen (The Netherlands).  

Launched in December 2018 and coordinated by the CARTIF Technology Centre, MAKING-CITY will address and demonstrate advanced procedures and methodologies based on the Positive Energy District (PED) during 60 months. A PED is defined as “a district with annual net zero energy import and net zero carbon emissions, working towards an annual local surplus production of renewable energy” in the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET Plan).

Derived from the Positive Energy Block (PEB) definition established by the European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities (EIP-SCC), a PED is a delimited urban area composed of buildings with different typologies and public spaces where the total annual energy balance must be positive. Therefore, the district will have an extra energy production that can be shared with other urban zones. The total energy balance is the energy taken from outside the district minus the energy delivered inside the district.

Even if all energy carriers can be considered as potential energy inputs and/or outputs, only primary energy units make a suitable calculation of energy flows to establish the total energy balance. Finally, achieving PEDs means that the amount of energy delivered by the district must be higher than the amount of energy supplied from outside.


Project coordinator


Project results

The Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Unit (WE3) will provide their expertise on energy feedback and end-user involvement. This will be implemented in the Oulu PED as part of a (1) Mobile application and (2) In-home display application. Any interested individual may download the application and follow the performance of the PED in real time! Furthermore, monitored apartments and engaged households into the project will be able to access their data through the apps.

WE3 activities will further tests different user response type to involve participants depending on environmental and/or economic criteria.



The MAKING-CITY consortium brings together expertise from 34 partners: 9 city councils, 5 universities, 4 research centres, 4 clusters and foundations, 4 rental housing administrators, 4 SMEs, 3 energy companies, and one construction firm.


Prof. Eva Pongrácz

Eva Pongracz

Jean-Nicolas Louis

Jean-Nicolas Louis

D.Sc.(Tech.), M.Sc.(Tech.)